(61 - 80 of 435)

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Gubbels, J.S. (author), Kremers, S.P.J. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), Dagnelie, P.C. (author), de Vries, S.I. (author), de Vries, N.K. (author), Thijs, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To examine clustering of energy balance-related behaviors (EBRBs) in young children. This is crucial because lifestyle habits are formed at an early age and track in later life. This study is the first to examine EBRB clustering in children as young as 2 years. Study design: Cross-sectional data originated from the Child, Parent and...
article 2009
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Liu, Y. (author), Toet, A. (author), Krone, T. (author), van Stokkum, R. (author), Eijsman, S. (author), van Erp, J.B.F. (author)
The affective appraisal of odors is known to depend on their intensity (I), familiarity (F), detection threshold (T), and on the baseline affective state of the observer. However, the exact nature of these relations is still largely unknown. We therefore performed an observer experiment in which participants (N = 52) smelled 40 different odors ...
article 2020
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Andries, F. (author), Kompier, M.A.J. (author), Smulders, P.G.W. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
A secondary analysis was performed on a large scale cross-sectional survey (n = 12,500) by the European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions. The analysis investigates (1) 'strain', i.e. whether or not employees in 12 European Union (EU) member states considered their health or safety to be at risk because of their...
article 1996
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Coenen, P. (author), Formanoy, M. (author), Douwes, M. (author), Bosch, T. (author), de Kraker, H. (author)
Exposure to mechanical vibrations at work (e.g., due to handling powered tools) is a potential occupational risk as it may cause upper extremity complaints. However, reliable and valid assessment methods for vibration exposure at work are lacking. Measuring hand-arm vibration objectively is often difficult and expensive, while often used...
article 2014
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Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), van 't Hof, M.A. (author), Brants, H.A.M. (author), Sturmans, F. (author), Hermus, R.J.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objectives: In studies on diet and cancer, diet assessment should address long-term intake. Therefore, the authors determined the 5-year reproducibility of a self-adminstered 150-item food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) used to assess dietary habits in the Netherlands Cohort Study on diet and cancer. Since the FFQ was repeated more than once, the...
article 1995
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Sprangers, M.A.G. (author), de Regt, E.B. (author), Andries, F. (author), van Agt, H.M.E. (author), Bijl, R.V. (author), de Boer, J.B. (author), Foets, M. (author), Hoeymans, N. (author), Jacobs, A.E. (author), Kempen, G.I.J.M. (author), Miedema, H.S. (author), Tijhuis, M.A.R. (author), de Haes, H.C.J.M. (author), NIA TNO (author)
The objective of the present study is to compare the QL of a wide range of chronic disease patients. Secondary analysis of eight existing data sets, including over 15,000 patients, was performed. The studies were conducted between 1993 and 1996 and included population-based samples, referred samples, consecutive samples, and/or consecutive...
article 2000
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Kampman, E. (author), Verhoeven, D. (author), Sloots, L. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
To examine the relationship between colon cancer and food groups from vegetable or animal sources and their possible interactions with gender, we analyzed data from a Dutch case-control study. Dietary patterns were assessed for 232 colon cancer cases and 259 population controls. In multivariate analyses, the consumption of vegetables was...
article 1995
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van Avesaat, M. (author), Troost, F.J. (author), Ripken, D. (author), Hendriks, H.F. (author), Aam, M. (author)
BACKGROUND: Activation of the ileal brake, by infusing lipid directly into the distal part of the small intestine, alters gastrointestinal (GI) motility and inhibits food intake. The ileal brake effect on eating behavior of the other macronutrients is currently unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of...
article 2015
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Huysamen, K. (author), Bosch, T. (author), de Looze, M. (author), Stadler, K.S. (author), Graf, E. (author), O'Sullivan, L.W. (author)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of a passive upper body exoskeleton on muscle activity, perceived musculoskeletal effort, local perceived pressure and subjective usability for a static overhead task. Eight participants (4 male, 4 female) held a load (0 kg and 2 kg) three times overhead for a duration of 30 s each, both with and...
article 2018
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Holewijn, M. (author)
In an experimental study of load carrying the effects of mass (0, 5.4, 10.4 kg) and the type of support (on the shoulder or on waist) on parameters of physiological strain were quantified to determine the factor(s) which limit carrying time. Four categories of strain were investigated: metabolic (in terms of oxygen uptake), cardiovascular (in...
article 1990
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van Hinsbergh, V.W.M. (author), Sprengers, E.D. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Human foreskin microvascular endothelial cells synthesize and release tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) in similar amounts as do endothelial cells from umbilical cord artery and vein. Human thrombin increases the production of t-PA by these cells, which could be visualized from 8 h after addition of 0.1-5 units/ml thrombin by fibrin...
article 1987
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Brink, E.J. (author), Boelsma, E. (author), Steijns, J. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The aim of the study was to investigate the bioavailability of tryptophan (Trp) from a Trp-enriched peptide mixture in healthy men. A second objective was to investigate the effect of this Trp-enriched protein hydrolysate on potential parameters of serotonergic activity. serum serotonim melatonin and prolactin and urinary 5-hydroxyindol-acetic...
article 2004
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Izeboud, C.A. (author), Monshouwer, M. (author), van Miert, A.S.J.P.A.M. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective and Design: To investigate the suppressive effects of the β-agonist clenbuterol on the release of TNF-α and IL-6 in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-model of inflammation, both in vitro and in vivo. Material and Subjects: Human U-937 cell line (monocyte-derived macrophages), and male Wistar rats (200-250 g). Treatment: U-937 macrophages were...
article 1999
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Hirasing, R.A. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
article 1994
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Ronday, H.K. (author), TeKoppele, J.M. (author), Greenwald, R.A. (author), Moak, S.A. (author), de Roos, J.A.D.M. (author), Dijkmans, B.A.C. (author), Breedveld, F.C. (author), Verheijen, J.H. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
The plasminogen activation system is one of the enzyme systems held responsible for bone and cartilage degradation in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). In this study, we evaluated the effect of tranexamic acid (TEA), an inhibitor of plasminogen activation, on urinary collagen cross-link excretion and radiological joint damage in rat adjuvant arthritis ...
article 1998
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Rosén, S. (author), Wejkum, L. (author), Billing-Claeson, S. (author), Ghosh, R. (author), Grdic, K. (author), Chmielewska, J. (author), Meijer, P. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Tengborn, L. (author), Conkie, J. (author), Walker, I. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
A chromogenic bioimmunoassay method for determination of t-PA activities has been evaluated on plasmas from healthy individuals and from thromboembolic patients. The assay consists of an initial binding and washing step, whereby plasma t-PA is bound to a specific monoclonal t-PA antibody, which is coated on to microplate wells, followed by a...
article 1998
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Maasland, D.H.E. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Kremer, B. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author)
There is limited prospective data on the relationship between consumption of vegetables and fruits and the risk of head-neck cancer (HNC) subtypes [i.e., oral cavity cancer (OCC), oro-/hypopharyngeal cancer (OHPC) and laryngeal cancer (LC)]. Therefore, we investigated these associations within the Netherlands Cohort Study, in which 120,852...
article 2015
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Davidse, W. (author), Perenboom, R.J.M. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Objective. To increase the coverage of influenza vaccination by a programmatic approach in a large population, aimed at the general practitioners (GPs). Design. Intervention study (prospective). Setting. The region of central Brabant (Tilburg and some surrounding communities), the Netherlands. Method. The intervention was carried out in a...
article 1995
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Cho, E. (author), Smith-Warner, S.A. (author), Spiegelman, D. (author), Beeson, W.L. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Colditz, G.A. (author), Folsom, A.R. (author), Fraser, G.E. (author), Freudenheim, J.L. (author), Giovannucci, E. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Graham, S. (author), Miller, A.B. (author), Pietinen, P. (author), Potter, J.D. (author), Rohan, T.E. (author), Terry, P. (author), Toniolo, P. (author), Virtanen, M.J. (author), Willet, W.C. (author), Wolk, A. (author), Wu, K. (author), Yaun, S.-S. (author), Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, A. (author), Hunter, D.J. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Background: Studies in animals have suggested that calcium may reduce the risk of colorectal cancer. However, results from epidemiologic studies of intake of calcium or dairy foods and colorectal cancer risk have been inconclusive. Methods: We pooled the primary data from 10 cohort studies in five countries that assessed usual dietary intake by...
article 2004
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Princen, H.M.G. (author), van Duyvenvoorde, W. (author), Buytenhek, R. (author), van der Laarse, A. (author), van Poppel, G. (author), Gevers Leuven, J.A. (author), van Hinsbergh, V.W.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
There is accumulating evidence that oxidative modification of LDL is an important step in the process of atherogenesis and that antioxidants may protect LDL from oxidation. We and others have previously shown that ingestion of pharmacological doses of the antioxidant D,L-α-tocopherol (vitamin E), far above the recommended daily intake (ie, 12 to...
article 1995
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