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Delahaij, R. (author)
doctoral thesis 2010
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van Lambalgen, R. (author), van Maanen, P.P. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
In this paper it is explored whether personalisation of an existing computational model of attention can increase the model's validity. Computational models of attention are for instance applied in attention allocation support systems and can benefit from this increased validity. Personalisation is done by tuning the model's parameters during a...
conference paper 2010
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van Maanen, P.P. (author)
doctoral thesis 2010
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van Maanen, P.P. (author), Wisse, F. (author), van Diggelen, J. (author), Beun, R.J. (author)
Problems with estimating trust in information sources are common in time constraining and ambiguous situations and often lead to a decrease of team performance. Humans lack the resources to track the integrity of information and thus tend to over- or under-rely on advice from support systems. Two types of adaptive team support have been...
conference paper 2011
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Kamphuis, W. (author), Gaillard, A.W.K. (author), Vogelaar, A.L.W. (author)
Teams have become the norm for operating in dangerous and complex situations. To investigate how physical threat affects team performance, 27 threeperson teams engaged in a complex planning and problem-solving task, either under physical threat or under normal conditions. Threat consisted of the possibility that during task performance the...
article 2011
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van Maanen, P.P. (author), Lucassen, T. (author), van Dongen, K. (author)
Naval tactical picture compilation is a task for which allocation of attention to the right information at the right time is crucial. Performance on this task can be improved if a support system assists the human operator. However, there is evidence that benefits of support systems are highly dependent upon the systems' tendency to support. This...
conference paper 2011
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van der Kleij, R. (author), Hoeppermans, M. (author)
Research on transactive memory has showed the positive effects of training together. This study investigated how feedback and reflection affect transactive memory in settings where there is no time for elaborate team training. Newly formed teams were given accurate, false or no feedback about their individual performance on a prior...
conference paper 2011
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van Erp, J.B.F. (author), Thurlings, M.E. (author), Brouwer, A.M. (author), Werkhoven, P.J. (author)
The development of Brain Computer Interfaces (BCIs) enters a phase in which these devices are no longer restricted to applications in controlled, single-task environments. For instance, BCIs for gaming or high-end operator stations will function as part of a multimodal user interface in a multitask environment. This phase introduces new issues...
conference paper 2011
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Lucassen, T. (author), Schraagen, J.M.C. (author)
The use of Wikipedia as an information source is becoming increasingly popular. Several studies have shown that its information quality is high. Normally, when considering information trust, the source of information is an important factor. However, because of the open-source nature of Wikipedia articles, their sources remain mostly unknown....
conference paper 2011
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Schraagen, J.M.C. (author), de Koning, L. (author), van Dongen, K. (author)
The decision making process during crisis events at the strategic level is often not effective or efficient, thereby hampering operational efforts. We have developed several tools to support strategic multi-party teams. After a 3 hour training session with mayors during a simulated crisis, these tools can be mastered.
conference paper 2011
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Binsch, O. (author)
conference paper 2011
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Schreuder, E.J.A. (author), Mioch, T. (author)
Prior studies have suggested that time pressure and task completion play a role in the occurrence of cognitive lockup. However, supportive evidence is only partial. In this study, we conducted an experiment to investigate how both time pressure and task completion influence the occurrence of cognitive lockup, in order to better understand...
conference paper 2011
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van Wouwe, N.C. (author), Band, G.P.H. (author), Ridderinkhof, K.R. (author)
The ability to interact with a constantly changing environment requires a balance between maintaining the currently relevant working memory content and being sensitive to potentially relevant new information that should be given priority access to working memory. Mesocortical dopamine projections to frontal brain areas modulate working memory...
article 2011
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Hoogendoorn, M. (author), Jaffry, S.W. (author), van Maanen, P.P. (author), Treur, J. (author)
When considering intelligent agents that interact with humans, having an idea of the trust levels of the human, for example in other agents or services, can be of great importance. Most models of human trust that exist, are based on some rationality assumption, and biased behavior is not represented, whereas a vast literature in Cognitive and...
conference paper 2011
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Schraagen, J.M.C. (author), van der Ven, J. (author)
This paper provides a closer look at how to support humans in the crisis loop, based on a thorough understanding of the macrocognitive functions that have to be fulfilled, such as naturalistic decision making, sensemaking, coordination and communication, and planning and adaptation. The objectives of the paper are to review work to date—along...
article 2011
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Lucassen, T. (author), Schraagen, J.M.C. (author)
In the past few decades, the task of judging the credibility of information has shifted from trained professionals (e.g., editors) to end users of information (e.g., casual Internet users). Lacking training in this task, it is highly relevant to research the behavior of these end users. In this article, we propose a new model of trust in...
article 2011
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Oosterman, J.M. (author), de Goede, M. (author), Wester, A.J. (author), van Zandvoort, M.J.E. (author), Kessels, R.P.C. (author)
Objective: The ability to make inferences about knowledge, thoughts and feelings of others, i.e. perspective taking, is a key element of social cognition. Clinical observations indicate that Korsakoff patients may have impairments in social cognition, but studies are scarce. Also, executive dysfunction is present in Korsakoff patients, which may...
article 2011
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Delahaij, R. (author), van Dam, K. (author), Gaillard, A.W.K. (author), Soeters, J. (author)
This prospective study examined how differences in coping style, coping self-efficacy, and metacognitive awareness influence coping behavior and performance during a realistic acute stressful exercise in 2 military samples (n = 122 and n = 132). Results showed that coping self-efficacy and coping style affected coping behavior, and that, in turn...
article 2011
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van Hemert, D.A. (author), van de Vijver, F.J.R. (author), Vingerhoets, A.J.J.M. (author)
Results of a cross-cultural study of adult crying across 37 countries are presented. Analyses focused on country differences in recency of last crying episode and crying proneness and relationships with country characteristics. Three hypotheses on the nature of country differences in crying were evaluated: (a) distress due to exposure to taxing...
article 2011
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van Bemmel, I.E. (author), Eikelboom, A.R. (author), Thönissen, F.H. (author)
Eén van de grootste uitdagingen bij complexe vraagstukken is het creëren van unity of effort bij de verschillende partijen die aan complexe samenwerkingsverbanden deelnemen. Maar, hoe gaan alle neuzen dezelfde kant op staan? Hoe geven de partijen handen en voeten aan doelstellingen? En hoe gaan zij om met verschillende belangen en agenda’s? Het...
bookPart 2012
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