(1 - 20 of 21)

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Landman, H.M. (author), van Oorschot, P. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), Bronkhorst, A.W. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Objective: This study tested whether simulator-based training of pilot responses to unexpected or novel events can be improved by including unpredictability and variability in training scenarios. Background: Current regulations allow for highly predictable and invariable training, which may not be sufficient to prepare pilots for unexpected or...
article 2018
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Sgobba, T. (author), Landon, L.B. (author), Marciacq, J.B. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), Tikhonov, N. (author), Torchia, F. (author)
Selection and training represent two means of ensuring flight crew members are qualified and prepared to perform safely and effectively in space. The first part of the chapter looks at astronaut selection beginning with the evolutionary changes in the US and Russian programs. A discussion of the critical skills and selection best practices...
bookPart 2018
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Landman, H.M. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Bronkhorst, A.W. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Objective: A conceptual model is proposed in order to explain pilot performance in surprising and startling situations. Background: Today’s debate around loss of control following in-flight events and the implementation of upset prevention and recovery training has highlighted the importance of pilots’ ability to deal with unexpected events....
article 2017
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Landman, H.M. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), van Paassen, M.M. (author), Bronkhorst, A.W. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
Objective: The aim of this study was to test if performance of airline pilots, in performing an aerodynamic stall recovery procedure, decreases when they are surprised, compared to when they anticipate a stall event. Background: New flight-safety regulations for commercial aviation recommend the introduction of surprise and startle in upset...
article 2017
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Bos, J.E. (author), Houben, M.M.J. (author), Groen, E.L. (author)
article 2016
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Nooij, S.A.E. (author), Wentink, M. (author), Smaili, H. (author), Zaichik, L. (author), Groen, E.L. (author)
The European research project SUPRA (“Simulation of Upset Recovery in Aviation”) produced an extended aerodynamic model for simulation of a generic transport aircraft, capturing the key aircraft behavior beyond aerodynamic stall. As described in the current paper, a group of 11 test pilots with in-flight experience in stall conditions assessed...
article 2016
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Groen, E.L. (author), Houben, M.M.J. (author), Bos, J.E. (author), Mumaw, R.J. (author)
TNO and Boeing developed a “Spatial Disorientation Identification Tool” (SDiT) to support the investigation of recorded aircraft motion for its potential to induce Spatial Disorientation (SD). The tool is based on a perception model that consists of transfer functions representing the dynamics in the vestibular system (semicircular canals and...
conference paper 2016
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Mumaw, R.J. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), Fucke, L. (author), Anderson, R. (author), Bos, J.E. (author), Houben, M. (author)
Boeing saw the need for a valid, accessible tool that allows investigators to look at flight data and determine if spatial disorientation may have contributed to pilot control inputs.
article 2016
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Ledegang, W.D. (author), Groen, E.L. (author)
We investigated the performance of 12 airline pilots in recovering from an asymmetrical stall in a flight simulator featuring an extended aerodynamic model of a transport-category aircraft, and a centrifuge-based motion platform capable of generating enhanced buffet motion and g-cueing. All pilots had difficulties in applying the correct...
article 2015
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Ledegang, W.D. (author), Bos, J.E. (author), Houben, M.M.J. (author), Groen, E.L. (author)
This article reports on an exploratory study in a fixed-based simulator to investigate the possible advantage (more presence) and disadvantage (more simulator sickness) of enhancing the visual realism in terms of head-slaved motion parallax. The study was performed in a flight simulator. Since most tasks involved taxiing over a virtual airfield,...
conference paper 2015
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Groen, E.L. (author), Kuiper, O.X. (author)
report 2015
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de Winkel, K.N. (author), Soyka, F. (author), Barnett-Cowan, M. (author), Bülthoff, H.H. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), Werkhoven, P.J. (author)
The brain is able to determine angular self-motion from visual, vestibular, and kinesthetic information. There is compelling evidence that both humans and non-human primates integrate visual and inertial (i.e., vestibular and kinesthetic) information in a statistically optimal fashion when discriminating heading direction. In the present study,...
article 2013
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Correia Grácio, B.J. (author), de Winkel, K.N. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), Wentink, M. (author), Bos, J.E. (author)
Without visual feedback, humans perceive tilt when experiencing a sustained linear acceleration. This tilt illusion is commonly referred to as the somatogravic illusion. Although the physiological basis of the illusion seems to be well understood, the dynamic behavior is still subject to discussion. In this study, the dynamic behavior of the...
article 2013
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de Winkel, K.N. (author), Clément, G. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), Werkhoven, P.J. (author)
Although the mechanisms of neural adaptation to weightlessness and re-adaptation to Earth-gravity have received a lot of attention since the first human space flight, there is as yet little knowledge about how spatial orientation is affected by partial gravity, such as lunar gravity of 0.16. g or Martian gravity of 0.38. g. Up to now twelve...
article 2012
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Houben, M.M.J. (author), Bos, J.E. (author), Groen, E.L. (author)
Motion sickness can occur in any motion environment to which a person is not adapted, varying from cars, boats, and planes to fun rides and virtual reality. With symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, headache, lethargy, dizziness, and loss of concentration it causes discomfort for passengers but also a decrease in task performance for crew....
report 2012
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Groen, E. (author), Ledegang, W. (author), Field, J. (author), Smaili, H. (author), Roza, M. (author), Fucke, L. (author), Nooij, S. (author), Goman, M. (author), Mayrhofer, M. (author), Zaichik, L.E. (author), Grigoryev, M. (author), Biryukov, V. (author)
The SUPRA research project - Simulation of Upset Recovery in Aviation - has been funded by the European Union 7th Framework Program to enhance the flight simulation envelope for upset recovery simulation. Within the project an extended aerodynamic model, capturing the key aerodynamics during and beyond stall for a large category transport...
conference paper 2012
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Ledegang, W.D. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), Wentink, M. (author)
This paper describes two simulator experiments studying how accurately pilots can judge and reproduce specific g loads and how their control behavior depends on the sensation of physical g loads during unusual attitude recovery. Seventeen commercial pilots participated. The first experiment shows that pilots tend to overestimate g loads,...
article 2012
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Ledegang, W.D. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), Wentink, M. (author)
This paper investigates how pilots' control behavior and motion perception during a simulated roll maneuver depends on the level of normal g load using a centrifuge-based simulator. Fourteen commercial pilots participated in the study, actively controlling a series of coordinated bank angle changes between -30 and +30 degrees. By changing the...
conference paper 2012
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Ledegang, W.D. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), Wentink, M. (author)
The aim of the collaborative European research project ‘Simulation of UPset Recovery in Aviation’ (SUPRA) is to develop breakthrough simulator technologies for teaching pilots to detect and recover from adverse flight upsets that could lead to unusual attitudes and loss-of-control. In the project, the high-performance research simulator...
conference paper 2011
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Groen, E. (author), Bos, J.E. (author), Nooij, S.A.E. (author)
article 2011
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