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Bunt, A.A. (author), Instituut voor Zintuigfysiologie TNO (author)
The aim of this literature review is to get a preliminary answer to the problem of the type of information processing deficit of undifferentiated retardates (with an IQ of about 70). Taking the topic of verbal short-term memory as a framework, it appears that children or adults of a subnormal intellectual level can store new information as long...
article 1975
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Bunt, A.A. (author)
Thirty-two subjects had tests of serial recall of visually presented nine-digit lists which were either presented in a single block of trials (constant context) or in between lists of much longer length (variable context). Other variables were vocalization-during-presentation versus silent memorization (within subject) and order of recall ...
article 1976
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Gaillard, A.W.K. (author), Varey, C.A. (author), Instituut voor Zintuigfysiologie TNO (author)
The effects (on human beings) of the ACTH analog Org 2766 were investigated for a range of performance tests: complicated serial reaction task, running memory span, verbal learning and non-verbal mental ability tests (closure flexibility and non-verbal abstraction). Subjective ratings on feeling were taken and heart rate was measured. Only the...
article 1979
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Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author), Markus, C.R. (author), Panhuysen, G. (author), Jonkman, L.M. (author), Bachman, M. (author)
Cognitive performance has been found to decline after exposure to stress, particularly in stress-prone subjects. The present study investigated whether a carbohydrate-rich, protein-poor (CR/PP) diet, which may enhance cerebral serotonin function in stress-prone subjects due to increases in the available tryptophan, improves the performance of...
article 1999
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Mojet, J. (author), Köster, E.P. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Memory plays a major role in the formation of food expectations. How accessible and how accurate is incidentally acquired and stored product information? In the present experiment the memory for variations in texture (and flavour) was tested with a new and ecologically valid method. Subjects (N = 69:35 women, 34 men, age 19-59 yrs) came to the...
article 2002
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Abel, S.M. (author), Crabtree, B. (author), Baranski, J.V. (author), Smith, D.G. (author), Thompson, M.M. (author), Steeneken, H.J.M. (author), Verhave, J.A. (author), Buckey, J.C. (author), Alvarenga, D.L. (author), Comtois, J.M. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
Introduction: Elevated hearing thresholds have been documented in some astronauts after long-term spaceflights although noise levels were lower than those normally associated with noise-induced hearing loss in ground-based operations. The present study was conducted to determine whether prolonged exposure (70 h) to levels (72 dBA) recorded on...
article 2004
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Mulder, M. (author), Jansen, P.J. (author), Janssen, B.J.A. (author), van de Berg, W.D.J. (author), van der Boom, H. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), de Kloet, R.E. (author), Ramaekers, F.C.S. (author), Blokland, A. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
The low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) is the first described receptor for apolipoprotein E (apoE). We hypothesize that the absence of the LDLR, similar to the absence of apoE, results in impaired learning and memory processes. Six-month-old homozygous Ldlr-/- and wild-type littermates (Ldlr+/+), maintained on a standard lab chow diet, were...
article 2004
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Mojet, J. (author), Köster, E.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Memory for texture plays an important role in food expectations. After fasting overnight, subjects (41 women, 35 men, age 19-60 years) received a breakfast including breakfast drink, biscuits and yoghurt. Subsequently, they rated their hunger feelings every hour, and returned for a taste experiment in the evening. When unexpectedly confronted...
article 2005
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Schraagen, J.M.C. (author), van Dongen, C.J.G. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Good memorability of licence plates is important in those cases where licence plates are viewed for a brief period of time and the information is essential for police investigations. The purpose of the current study was to design a new Dutch licence plate that could be remembered well. A memory experiment was conducted, in which 16 different...
article 2005
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van der Burg, E. (author), Olivers, C.N.L. (author), Bronkhorst, A.W. (author), Koelewijn, T. (author), Theeuwes, J. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
The second of two targets is often missed when presented shortly after the first target—a phenomenon referred to as the attentional blink (AB). Whereas the AB is a robust phenomenon within sensory modalities, the evidence for cross-modal ABs is rather mixed. Here, we test the possibility that the absence of an auditory–visual AB for visual...
article 2007
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Mulder, M. (author), Koopmans, G. (author), Wassink, G. (author), Mansouri, G.A. (author), Simard, M.-L. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Prickaerts, J. (author), Blokland, A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
An aberrant cholesterol metabolism in the brain may contribute to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). The LDL receptor (LDLR) regulates plasma cholesterol levels and recently we and others obtained evidence that it is also involved in regulating brain cholesterol homeostasis. Moreover, we found that LDLR-deficient mice display impaired...
article 2007
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van Uffelen, J.G.Z. (author), Chin A Paw, M.J.M. (author), Hopman-Rock, M. (author), van Mechelen, W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To systematically review the effect of physical exercise on cognition in older adults with and without cognitive decline. Data sources: Randomized controlled trials were identified by literature searches in PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, PsycINFO, and AgeLine. Study selection: Papers were included on the basis of predefined inclusion...
article 2008
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van Uffelen, J.G.Z. (author), Chinapaw, M.J.M. (author), van Mechelen, W. (author), Hopman-Rock, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To examine the effects of aerobic exercise or vitamin B supplementation on cognitive function in older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Design: Randomised placebo-controlled trial. Setting: General community. Participants: Community-dwelling adults aged 70-80 with MCI. Interventions : The 152 participants were randomly...
article 2008
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Abildayeva, K. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Blokland, A. (author), Jansen, P.J. (author), Hoek, F.J. (author), Meijer, O. (author), Lütjohann, D. (author), Gautier, T. (author), Pillot, T. (author), Vente, J.de (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Ramaekers, F.C.S. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Mulder, M. (author)
The H2 allele of APOC1, giving rise to increased gene expression of apolipoprotein C-I (apoC-I), is in genetic disequilibrium with the APOE4 allele and may provide a major risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD). We found that apoC-I protein is present in astrocytes and endothelial cells within hippocampal regions in both human control and AD...
article 2008
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Debucquoy, M. (author), Rockelé, M. (author), Genoe, J. (author), Gelinck, G.H. (author), Heremans, P. (author), TNO Industrie en Techniek (author)
In this work, we study charge trapping in organic transistor memories with a polymeric insulator as gate dielectric. We found that the mechanism of charge trapping is tunneling from the semiconductor channel into the gate dielectric. Depending on the semiconductor and its processing, charge trapping can result in large bi-directional threshold...
article 2009
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Joosen, M.J.A. (author), Jousma, E. (author), van den Boom, T.M. (author), Kuijpers, W.C. (author), Smit, A.B. (author), Lucassen, P.J. (author), van Helden, H.P.M. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
To date, treatment of organophosphate (OP) poisoning shows several shortcomings, and OP-victims might suffer from lasting cognitive deficits and sleep–wake disturbances. In the present study, long-term effects of soman poisoning on learning ability, memory and neurogenesis were investigated in rats, treated with the anticholinergic atropine and...
article 2009
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Zekveld, A.A. (author), Kramer, S.E. (author), Kessens, J.M. (author), Vlaming, M.S.M.G. (author), Houtgast, T. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
This study examined the subjective benefit obtained from automatically generated captions during telephone-speech comprehension in the presence of babble noise. Short stories were presented by telephone either with or without captions that were generated offline by an automatic speech recognition (ASR) system. To simulate online ASR, the word...
article 2009
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Brouwer, A.-M. (author), Knill, D.C. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
We investigated whether humans use a target's remembered location to plan reaching movements to targets according to the relative reliabilities of visual and remembered information. Using their index finger, subjects moved a virtual object from one side of a table to the other, and then went back to a target. In some trials, the target shifted...
article 2009
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TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author), van den Steen, M. (author), Brinkman, W.P. (author), Vermetten, E. (author), Neerincx, M. (author)
The paper discusses the design and evaluation of a multimedia software application, which can be used in the treatment of combat-related posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The application allows patients and therapist to visualize the patients' past experience using maps, personal photos, stories and selfcreated 3D virtual worlds. The tool...
article 2010
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Brinkman, W.P. (author), Vermetten, E. (author), van den Steen, M. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author)
Several methods have been proposed to treat combat veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Still, a recent review reports on high drop-out and non response rates. This has motivated work in the design of a software application to support and increase the appeal of traditional face-to-face trauma-focused psychotherapy. The research...
article 2011
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