(1 - 20 of 1,762)

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van Weerden, E.J. (author), Huisman, J. (author)
In a study with twelve pigs of 60-70 kg live weight provided with a re-entrant cannula at the end of the ileum, and twelve intact, non-cannulated pigs, the fate of dietary doses of 100 and 200 g isomalt/kg during gastrointestinal passage was examined. From sugar analyses in ileal chyme it was calculated that 0.43 and 0.30 of the isomalt consumed...
article 1993
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Virtanen, S.M. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Kok, F. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Aro, A. (author), EURAMIC Study Group (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: To evaluate the levels of adipose tissue alpha-tocopherol, gamma-tocopherol, and toenail selenium and their determinants. Design: Control subjects from multicentre case-control study on antioxidants, myocardial infarction and cancer of the breast. Subjects and setting: 686 male and 339 female middle-aged and elderly subjects from...
article 1996
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Bijland, S. (author), Pieterman, E.J. (author), Maas, A.C.E. (author), van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), van Klinken, J.B. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPARα) activator fenofibrate efficiently decreases plasma triglycerides (TG), which is generally attributed to enhanced very low density lipoprotein (VLDL)-TG clearance and decreased VLDL-TG production. However, because data on the effect of fenofibrate on VLDL production are controversial,...
article 2010
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Männistö, S. (author), Yaun, S.S. (author), Hunter, D.J. (author), Spiegelman, D. (author), Adami, H.O. (author), Albanes, D. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Buring, J.E. (author), Cerhan, J.R. (author), Colditz, G.A. (author), Freudenheim, J.L. (author), Fuchs, C.S. (author), Giovannucci, E. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Harnack, L. (author), Leitzmann, M. (author), McCullough, M.L. (author), Miller, A.B. (author), Rohan, T.E. (author), Schatzkin, A. (author), Virtamo, J. (author), Willett, W.C. (author), Wolk, A. (author), Zhang, S.M. (author), Smith-Warner, S.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Dietary carotenoids have been hypothesized to protect against epithelial cancers. The authors analyzed the associations between intakes of specific carotenoids (alpha-carotene, beta-carotene, beta-cryptoxanthin, lutein + zeaxanthin, and lycopene) and risk of colorectal cancer using the primary data from 11 cohort studies carried out in North...
article 2007
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Schrama, J.W. (author), Bakker, G.C.M. (author)
Fermentable nonstarch polysaccharides (dietary fiber) affect energy retention in group-housed growing pigs by reducing physical activity. This study assessed the effects of fermentation and bulkiness of dietary carbohydrates on physical activity in relation to energy metabolism. Eight clusters of 14 pigs were fed one of four diets in a 2 × 2...
article 1999
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Fabriek, B.O. (author), Møller, H.J. (author), Vloet, R.P.M. (author), van Winsen, L.M. (author), Hanemaaijer, R. (author), Teunissen, C.E. (author), Uitdehaag, B.M.J. (author), van den Berg, T.K. (author), Dijkstra, C.D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The scavenger receptor CD163 is selectively expressed on tissue macrophages and human monocytes. CD163 has been implicated to play a role in the clearance of hemoglobin and in the regulation of cytokine production by macrophages. Membrane CD163 can be cleaved by matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) resulting in soluble CD163 (sCD163). In the present...
article 2007
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Padro, T. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), van den Hoogen, C.M. (author), Roholl, P. (author), Verheijen, J.H. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Plasminogen activator (PA) and PA inhibitor (PAI) antigen, activity, and mRNA were analyzed in the three layers of rat aorta, and the effect of endotoxin on PA and PAI was studied. All PA activity in aorta was identified as tissue-type PA (TPA) activity; no urokinase-type PA was detected. In the tunica adventitia TPA activity, TPA antigen, and...
article 1994
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Kienhuis, A.S. (author), Wortelboer, H.M. (author), Hoflack, J.C. (author), Moonen, E.J. (author), Kleinjans, J.C.S. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), van Delft, J.H.M. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Sandwich-cultured primary rat hepatocytes are often used as an in vitro model in toxicology and pharmacology. However, loss of liver-specific functions, in particular, the decline of cytochrome P450 (P450) enzyme activity, limits the value of this model for prediction of in vivo toxicity. In this study, we investigated whether a hepatic in vitro...
article 2006
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Reijneveld, S.A. (author), Harland, P. (author), Brugman, E. (author), Verhulst, F.C. (author), Verloove-Vanhorick, S.P. (author)
Background This study aims to examine a) the prevalence of psychosocial problems and b) the association between parent-reported problems and the identification by doctors and nurses (child health professionals, CHP) working in preventive child health care, among immigrant and non-immigrant children. Methods CHPs examined 4,098 children aged 5...
article 2005
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Visser, J. (author), Lentjes, E. (author), Haspels, I. (author), Graffelman, W. (author), Blauw, B. (author), de Kloet, R. (author), Nagelkerken, L. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Background: In this study we tested the hypothesis that the increased sensitivity to glucocorticoids in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS)-patients can be attributed to an altered functioning of their glucocorticoid receptors (GR). Methods: For this purpose, affinity and distribution of the GR were studied in purified, peripheral blood mononuclear...
article 2001
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van Raaij, J.A.G.M. (author), Kaptein, E. (author), Visser, T.J. (author), van den Berg, K.J. (author), Medisch Biologisch Laboratorium TNO (author)
Metabolism of thyroid hormones was investigated in WAG/MBL rats that had been exposed to hexachlorobenzene (HCB). Serum thyroxine (T4) levels were lowered by 35.5%, whereas triiodothyronine (T3) levels were not changed. Bile flow, as well as T4 excretion in bile were increased by HCB treatment. Analysis of bile by HPLC revealed a more than 3...
article 1993
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Maas, W.J.M. (author), Leeman, W.R. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Precision-cut liver slices are frequently used to study hepatic toxicity and metabolism of xenobiotics in vitro. Successful cryopreservation techniques will enhance an efficient and economic use of scarcely available (human) liver tissue. For primary hepatocytes, slow freezing has been accepted as the best approach towards successful...
article 2000
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Eefting, D. (author), Bot, I. (author), de Vries, M.R. (author), Schepers, A. (author), van Bockel, J.H. (author), van Berkel, T.J.C. (author), Biessen, E.A.L. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: Inflammatory responses to vascular injury are key events in vein graft disease and accelerated atherosclerosis, which may result in bypass failure. The monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1)/CC-chemokine receptor (CCR)-2 pathway is hypothesized to play a central role. A murine model for vein graft disease was used to study the...
article 2009
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van Wendel de Joode, B. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author), Heederik, D. (author), van Ginkel, K. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
We performed an exploratory study to evaluate 2 self-administered questionnaires assessing hand dermatitis and investigate a possible exposure-response relationship between dermal exposure to semi-synthetic metalworking fluids (SMWF) and dermatitis. In a cross-sectional survey on dermatitis, a symptom-based questionnaire and a picture-based skin...
article 2007
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Lamers, R.-J.A.N. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Spies-Faber, E.J. (author), Jellema, R.H. (author), Kraus, V.B. (author), Verzijl, N. (author), te Koppele, J.M. (author), Spijksma, G.K. (author), Vogels, J.T.W.E. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), van Nesselrooij, J.H.J. (author)
Osteoarthritis (OA), one of the most common diseases among the elderly, is characterized by the progressive destruction of joint tissues. Its etiology is largely unclear and no effective disease-modifying treatment is currently available. Metabolic fingerprinting provides a novel tool for the identification of biomarkers. A metabolic fingerprint...
article 2003
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Nijhuis, E.W.P. (author), Oostervink, F. (author), Hinloopen, B. (author), Rozing, J. (author), Nagelkerken, L. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from 40 consecutive patients entering a screening program on cognitive impairment were studied in vitro with respect to their sensitivity to dexamethasone (DEX). Phytohemagglutinin-induced proliferation by PBMC from patients with senile dementia of the Alzheimer type (SDAT) was less sensitive to the...
article 1996
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Kempen, H.J.M. (author), Glatz, J.F.C. (author), Gevers Leuven, J.A. (author), van der Voort, H.A. (author), Katan, M.B. (author), Gaubius instituut TNO (author)
The power of serum lathosterol concentration as an indicator of whole-body cholesterol synthesis was investigated in 47 human volunteers consuming two diets differing in fatty acid composition. The cholesterol balance (fecal excretion of neutral and acid steroids minus cholesterol intake) was strongly correlated with the serum level of total ...
article 1988
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Schuurman, A.G. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Dorant, E. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
In the Netherlands Cohort Study, the authors investigated whether anthropometry is associated with prostate cancer risk. At baseline in 1986, 58,279 men aged 55-69 years completed a self- administered questionnaire on diet, anthropometry, and other risk factors for cancer. After 6.3 years of follow-up, 681 cases were available with complete data...
article 2000
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Hopman-Rock, M. (author), de Bock, G.H. (author), Bijlsma, J.W.J. (author), Springer, M.P. (author), Hofman, A. (author), Kraaimaat, F.W. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the pattern of health care utilization of people aged 55-74 years with arthritic pain in the knee or hip. Design: People with current pain were identified in a population- based study. A filter model was used to describe the pattern of health care utilization of people who presented as patients at...
article 1997
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Proper, K.I. (author), Hildebrandt, V.H. (author), van der Beek, A.J. (author), Twisk, J.W.R. (author), van Mechelen, W. (author)
Background: Physical inactivity and obesity are major public health problems. Our objective was to investigate the effectiveness of an individual counseling intervention at the workplace on physical activity fitness and health. Counseling content derived from the Patient-centered Assessment and Counseling for Exercise and Nutrition (PACE)...
article 2003
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