(1 - 20 of 32)

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Spijkerman, A.M.W. (author), Gall, M.A. (author), Tarnow, L. (author), Twisk, J.W.R. (author), Lauritzen, E. (author), Lund-Andersen, H. (author), Emeis, J. (author), Parving, H.H. (author), Stehouwer, C.D.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Aims: To study whether microalbuminuria, endothelial dysfunction and low-grade inflammation are associated with the presence and progression of diabetic retinopathy. Methods: Patients with Type 2 diabetes (n = 328) attending a diabetes clinic were followed for 10 years and examined annually during the last 7 years. Retinopathy was assessed after...
article 2007
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Zacharowski, K. (author), Zacharowski, P.A. (author), Friedl, P. (author), Mastan, P. (author), Koch, A. (author), Boehm, O. (author), Rother, R.P. (author), Reingruber, S. (author), Henning, R. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Petzelbauer, P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Many compounds have been shown to prevent reperfusion injury in various animal models, although to date, translation into clinic has revealed several obstacles. Therefore, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute convened a working group to discuss reasons for such failure. As a result, the concept of adequately powered, blinded, randomized...
article 2007
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Trion, A. (author), de Maat, M.P.M. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), van der Laarse, A. (author), Maas, M.C. (author), Offerman, E.H. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Szalai, A.J. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective - C-reactive protein (CRP) has been associated with risk of cardiovascular disease. It is not clear whether CRP is causally involved in the development of atherosclerosis. Mouse CRP is not expressed at high levels under normal conditions and increases in concentration only several-fold during an acute phase response. Because the...
article 2005
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Verschuren, L. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Offerman, E.H. (author), Szalai, A.J. (author), Emeis, S.J. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective - To evaluate whether low-dose atorvastatin suppresses atherosclerotic lesion progression and inflammation in apolipoprotein E*3 (apoE*3)-Leiden mice beyond its cholesterol-lowering effect. Methods and Results - ApoE*3-Leiden mice were fed a high-cholesterol (HC) diet until mild atherosclerotic lesions had formed. Subsequently, HC diet...
article 2005
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Sakharov, D.V. (author), Jie, A.F.H. (author), Bekkers, M.E.A. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Rijken, D.C. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
We present the first steps in the elaboration of an approach of extracellular matrix-targeted local drug delivery (ECM-LDD), designed to provide a high concentration, ubiquitous distribution, and long-term retention of a drug within the vessel wall after local intravascular delivery. The approach is based on the concept of a bifunctional drug...
article 2001
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Giltay, E.J. (author), Gooren, L.J.G. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Stehouwer, C.D.A. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Oral estrogen administration decreases plasma levels of tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA), which may be explained by a decrease in endothelial tPA synthesis, an increase in its hepatic clearance, or both. In the present study, we determined (1) differences between oral (ie, via the liver) ethinyl estradiol and transdermal (ie, systemic)...
article 2000
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Yudkin, J.S. (author), Panahloo, A. (author), Stehouwer, C. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Bulmer, K. (author), Mohamed-Ali, V. (author), Denver, A.E. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Aims/hypothesis. Improved glycaemic control might reduce both microvascular and macrovascular complications of Type II diabetes (non-insulin-dependent) mellitus. To explore such possible mechanisms, we investigated the effects of intensive treatment on markers of endothelial dysfunction and of acute phase activation, using both sulphonylureas...
article 2000
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Schalkwijk, C.G. (author), Poland, D.C.W. (author), van Dijk, W. (author), Kok, A. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Dräger, A.M. (author), Doni, A. (author), van Hinsbergh, V.W.M. (author), Stehouwer, C.D.A. (author), Gaubius instituut TNO (author)
Moderately increased plasma concentrations of C-reactive protein are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease, C-reactive protein, its relation to a low degree of inflammatory activation and its association with activation of the endothelium have not been systematically investigated in Type I (insulin-dependent) diabetes...
article 1999
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Jager, A. (author), van Hinsbergh, V.W.M. (author), Kostense, P.J. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Yudkin, J.S. (author), Nijpels, G. (author), Dekker, J.M. (author), Heine, R.J. (author), Bouter, L.M. (author), Stehouwer, C.D.A. (author), Gaubius instituut TNO (author)
Increased levels of von Willebrand factor (vWf) and C-reactive protein (CRP) predict cardiovascular mortality in selected populations. It is uncertain whether vWf and CRP predict mortality in a general population and whether vWf and CRP predict mortality through similar pathways. This study investigated the association of vWf and CRP with...
article 1999
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Yudkin, J.S. (author), Stehouwer, C.D.A. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Coppack, S.W. (author), Gaubius instituut TNO (author)
C-reactive protein, a hepatic acute phase protein largely regulated by circulating levels of interleukin-6, predicts coronary heart disease incidence in healthy subjects. We have shown that subcutaneous adipose tissue secretes interleukin-6 in vivo. In this study we have sought associations of levels of C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 with...
article 1999
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Nieuwenhuys, C.M.A. (author), Béguin, S. (author), Offermans, R.F.G. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Hornstra, G. (author), Heemskerk, J.W.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
We investigated the effects of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) on blood lipids and processes that determine hemostatic potential: platelet activation, coagulation, and fibrinolysis. For 8 to 10 weeks, Wistar rats were fed a high-fat diet containing various amounts (2% to 16%) of n-3 PUFAs derived from fish oil (FO) or a diet enriched...
article 1998
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Giltay, E.J. (author), Elbers, J.M.H. (author), Gooren, L.J.G. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Asscheman, H. (author), Stehouwer, C.D.A. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Increased plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1) levels, leading to impaired fibrinolysis, are associated with increased visceral fat in middle-aged and obese subjects. It is unknown, however, whether this association is independent of other disturbances clustered in the insulin resistance syndrome. We analyzed this association in young,...
article 1998
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van Kesteren, P.J.M. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Lansink, M. (author), van Kamp, G.J. (author), Asscheman, H. (author), Gooren, L.J.G. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Vischer, U.M. (author), Stehouwer, C.D.A. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
We studied thirteen male-to-female (M→F) and ten female-to-male (F→M) transsexuals who, for four months, received cross-sex treatment with, respectively, ethinylestradiol and cyproterone acetate, and with testosterone esters. We assessed the effects of treatment on plasma levels of tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA), von Willebrand factor ...
article 1998
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Noorman, F. (author), Barrett-Bergshoeff, M.M. (author), Bekkers, M. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Rijken, D.C. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Dextran is used during surgery as a prophylactic agent to prevent deep venous thrombosis. Recently it has been shown that dextran increases t-PA plasma concentrations in patients. As dextran is a potential ligand for the mannose receptor, we studied whether this glucose-polymer would be able to inhibit mannose receptor-mediated clearance of t-PA...
article 1997
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de Jong, S.C. (author), Stehouwer, C.D.A. (author), van den Berg, M. (author), Vischer, U.M. (author), Rauwerda, J.A. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Hyperhomocysteinemia is associated with severe, premature atherosclerosis and thromboembolism. The mechanisms involved in the atherogenic and thrombotic complications of hyperhomocysteinemia are not understood. It has been suggested that hyperhomocysteinemia predisposes to atherosclerosis by injuring the vascular endothelium. Whether...
article 1997
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Schultze, A.E. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Roth, R.A. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
The monocrotaline pyrrole (MCTP)-treated rat is a useful model for the study of certain chronic pulmonary vascular diseases. A single, i.v. administration of a low dose of MCTP causes pneumotoxicity, pulmonary vascular remodeling, sustained increases in pulmonary arterial pressure, and right ventricular hypertrophy in rats. The pulmonary...
article 1996
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Emeis, J.E. (author), Hoekzema, R. (author), de Vos, A.F. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
In experimental animals and humans, intravenous (IV) injection of endotoxin induces large increases in circulating plasminogen activator inhibitor type-1 (PAI-1), a major inhibitor of blood fibrinolysis. A similar increase is seen after the injection of interleukin-1 (IL-1) or of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), suggesting that these cytokines...
article 1995
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Padro, T. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), van den Hoogen, C.M. (author), Roholl, P. (author), Verheijen, J.H. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Plasminogen activator (PA) and PA inhibitor (PAI) antigen, activity, and mRNA were analyzed in the three layers of rat aorta, and the effect of endotoxin on PA and PAI was studied. All PA activity in aorta was identified as tissue-type PA (TPA) activity; no urokinase-type PA was detected. In the tunica adventitia TPA activity, TPA antigen, and...
article 1994
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Padró, T. (author), van den Hoogen, C.M. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Instituut voor verouderings- en vaatziekten onderzoek TNO (author)
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether hypothyroidism would affect the components of the rat plasma fibrinolytic system. Hypothyroidism was induced by feeding rats a thiouracil-containing diet for 2 weeks. During this period, half of the animals received subcutaneous injections of L-thyroxine (20 μg/kg daily) to restore thyroid...
article 1993
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Tranquille, N. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Gaubius Laboratory Instituut voor verouderings- en vaatziekten onderzoek TNO (author)
The modulation of the induced acute release of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) and of von Willebrand factor (vWF) by compounds affecting cyclic nucleotide levels was studied, using an isolated rat hindleg perfusion system. Platelet-activating factor (PAF; 5 nM) or bradykinin (0.8 μM) were used to induce release of t-PA and vWF. The...
article 1993
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