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Kamphuis, W. (author), Gaillard, A.W.K. (author), Vogelaar, A.L.W. (author)
Teams have become the norm for operating in dangerous and complex situations. To investigate how physical threat affects team performance, 27 threeperson teams engaged in a complex planning and problem-solving task, either under physical threat or under normal conditions. Threat consisted of the possibility that during task performance the...
article 2011
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Toet, A. (author), van Schaik, M.G. (author)
In the current study participants explored a desktop virtual environment (VE) representing a suburban neighborhood with signs of public disorder (neglect, vandalism and crime), while being exposed to either room air (control group), or subliminal levels of tar (unpleasant; typically associated with burned or waste material) or freshly cut grass ...
article 2013
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van Dongen, C.J.G. (author), van Maanen, P.P. (author)
This study presents a framework for understanding task and psychological factors affecting reliance on advice from decision aids. The framework describes how informational asymmetries in combination with rational, motivational and heuristic factors explain human reliance behavior. To test hypotheses derived from the framework, 79 participants...
article 2013
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Wijn, R. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), Lousberg, M. (author)
This paper examines factors contributing to the effectiveness of camera operators in urban camera surveillance. The use of camera surveillance has taken an enormous flight in the past decades. Despite this increase, its effectiveness is strongly debated. One reason for the disputed effectiveness may be that an understanding of how to use camera...
article 2013
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Lucassen, T. (author), Schraagen, J.M.C. (author)
Credibility evaluation has become a daily task in the current world of online information that varies in quality. The way this task is performed has been a topic of research for some time now. In this study, we aim to extend this research by proposing an integrated layer model of trust. According to this model, trust in information is influenced...
article 2012
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Lucassen, T. (author), Schraagen, J.M.C. (author)
An important cue in the evaluation of the credibility of online information is the source from which the information comes. Earlier, it has been hypothesized that the source of information is less important when one is familiar with the topic at hand. However, no conclusive results were found to confirm this hypothesis. In this study, we re...
article 2013
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Lucassen, T. (author), Dijkstra, R. (author), Schraagen, J.M.C. (author)
Wikipedia is becoming widely acknowledged as a reliable source of encyclopedic information. However, concerns have been expressed about its readability. Wikipedia articles might be written in a language too difficult to be understood by most of its visitors. In this study, we apply the Flesch reading ease test to all available articles from the...
article 2012
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Schraagen, J.M.C. (author)
The goal of this study is to extend Rasmussen’s framework for risk management to research organisations having to deal with reduced income from government funding and increased market orientation. One human factors research organisation was studied in detail. Using archival records, changes were studied over the period 1989–2010. The results...
article 2013
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Bunt, A.A. (author)
Thirty-two subjects had tests of serial recall of visually presented nine-digit lists which were either presented in a single block of trials (constant context) or in between lists of much longer length (variable context). Other variables were vocalization-during-presentation versus silent memorization (within subject) and order of recall ...
article 1976
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Biddle, S.J.H. (author), Brehm, W. (author), Verheijden, M. (author), Hopman-Rock, M. (author)
The academic study of sport and exercise science has expanded greatly into the arena of public health over the past 20 years or more and Europe has played a significant role in this. It is opportune to review evidence concerning ways to change population levels of physical activity for health. This paper summarises such evidence by using a...
article 2012
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van Erp, J.B.F. (author), Philippi, T.G. (author), Werkhoven, P. (author)
In the illusory flash paradigm, a single flash may be experienced as two flashes when accompanied by two beeps or taps, and two flashes may be experienced as a single flash when accompanied by one beep or tap. The classic paradigm restricts responses to '1' and '2' (2-AFC), ignoring possible qualitative differences between real and illusory...
article 2013
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Boermans, S.M. (author), Kamphuis, W. (author), Delahaij, R. (author), van den Berg, C. (author), Euwema, M.C. (author)
This article prospectively explores the effects of collective team work engagement and organizational constraints during military deployment on individual-level psychological outcomes afterwards. Participants were 971 Dutch peacekeepers within 93 teams who were deployed between the end of 2008 and beginning of 2010, for an average of 4 months,...
article 2014
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van Wouwe, N.C. (author), Band, G.P.H. (author), Ridderinkhof, K.R. (author)
The ability to interact with a constantly changing environment requires a balance between maintaining the currently relevant working memory content and being sensitive to potentially relevant new information that should be given priority access to working memory. Mesocortical dopamine projections to frontal brain areas modulate working memory...
article 2011
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Dijkstra, K.A. (author), van der Pligt, J. (author), van Kleef, G.A. (author)
What produces better judgments: deliberating or relying on intuition? Past research is inconclusive. We focus on the role of expertise to increase understanding of the effects of judgment mode. We propose a framework in which expertise depends on a person's experience with and knowledge about a domain. Individuals who are relatively experienced...
article 2013
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van Someren, E.J.W. (author), Raymann, R.J.E.M. (author), Scherder, E.J.A. (author), Daanen, H.A.M. (author), Swaab, D.F. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
At older ages, the circadian rhythm of body temperature shows a decreased amplitude, an advanced phase, and decreased stability. The present review evaluates to what extent these changes may result from age-related deficiencies at several levels of the thermoregulatory system, including thermoreception, thermogenesis and conservation, heat loss,...
article 2002
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Schraagen, J.M.C. (author), van der Ven, J. (author)
This paper provides a closer look at how to support humans in the crisis loop, based on a thorough understanding of the macrocognitive functions that have to be fulfilled, such as naturalistic decision making, sensemaking, coordination and communication, and planning and adaptation. The objectives of the paper are to review work to date—along...
article 2011
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Lucassen, T. (author), Schraagen, J.M.C. (author)
In the past few decades, the task of judging the credibility of information has shifted from trained professionals (e.g., editors) to end users of information (e.g., casual Internet users). Lacking training in this task, it is highly relevant to research the behavior of these end users. In this article, we propose a new model of trust in...
article 2011
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Oosterman, J.M. (author), de Goede, M. (author), Wester, A.J. (author), van Zandvoort, M.J.E. (author), Kessels, R.P.C. (author)
Objective: The ability to make inferences about knowledge, thoughts and feelings of others, i.e. perspective taking, is a key element of social cognition. Clinical observations indicate that Korsakoff patients may have impairments in social cognition, but studies are scarce. Also, executive dysfunction is present in Korsakoff patients, which may...
article 2011
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Hoogendoorn, M. (author), Jaffry, S.W. (author), van Maanen, P.P. (author), Treur, J. (author)
Abstract. Within human trust related behaviour, according to the literature from the domains of Psychology and Social Sciences often non-rational behaviour can be observed. Current trust models that have been developed typically do not incorporate non-rational elements in the trust formation dynamics. In order to enable agents that interact with...
article 2013
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Delahaij, R. (author), van Dam, K. (author), Gaillard, A.W.K. (author), Soeters, J. (author)
This prospective study examined how differences in coping style, coping self-efficacy, and metacognitive awareness influence coping behavior and performance during a realistic acute stressful exercise in 2 military samples (n = 122 and n = 132). Results showed that coping self-efficacy and coping style affected coping behavior, and that, in turn...
article 2011
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