(1 - 20 of 44)

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Boermans, S.M. (author), Kamphuis, W. (author), Delahaij, R. (author), van den Berg, C. (author), Euwema, M.C. (author)
This article prospectively explores the effects of collective team work engagement and organizational constraints during military deployment on individual-level psychological outcomes afterwards. Participants were 971 Dutch peacekeepers within 93 teams who were deployed between the end of 2008 and beginning of 2010, for an average of 4 months,...
article 2014
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Toet, A. (author), van Schaik, M.G. (author)
In the current study participants explored a desktop virtual environment (VE) representing a suburban neighborhood with signs of public disorder (neglect, vandalism and crime), while being exposed to either room air (control group), or subliminal levels of tar (unpleasant; typically associated with burned or waste material) or freshly cut grass ...
article 2013
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van Dongen, C.J.G. (author), van Maanen, P.P. (author)
This study presents a framework for understanding task and psychological factors affecting reliance on advice from decision aids. The framework describes how informational asymmetries in combination with rational, motivational and heuristic factors explain human reliance behavior. To test hypotheses derived from the framework, 79 participants...
article 2013
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Lucassen, T. (author)
The introduction of the Internet has made it very easy to gain information on any topic imaginable. The downside of this development is that it has become much harder to evaluate the credibility of this information, as it is often unclear who the author is. In this dissertation, the way Internet users evaluate the credibility of online...
doctoral thesis 2013
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Wijn, R. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), Lousberg, M. (author)
This paper examines factors contributing to the effectiveness of camera operators in urban camera surveillance. The use of camera surveillance has taken an enormous flight in the past decades. Despite this increase, its effectiveness is strongly debated. One reason for the disputed effectiveness may be that an understanding of how to use camera...
article 2013
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Lucassen, T. (author), Schraagen, J.M.C. (author)
An important cue in the evaluation of the credibility of online information is the source from which the information comes. Earlier, it has been hypothesized that the source of information is less important when one is familiar with the topic at hand. However, no conclusive results were found to confirm this hypothesis. In this study, we re...
article 2013
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Schraagen, J.M.C. (author)
The goal of this study is to extend Rasmussen’s framework for risk management to research organisations having to deal with reduced income from government funding and increased market orientation. One human factors research organisation was studied in detail. Using archival records, changes were studied over the period 1989–2010. The results...
article 2013
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Kort, J. (author), Nefs, H.T. (author), Gullström, C. (author), de Greef, T.J. (author), Parnes, P. (author)
Effective design of shared mediated spaces, information and connectedness requires theory and practice from a range of disciplines such as found in European projects like Together Anywhere, Together Anytime (TA2) and the EIT ICT Labs Mediating Presence activity. Building on this work we continue to investigate the changes in the European digital...
conference paper 2013
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Kerstholt, J.H. (author)
public lecture 2013
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Lotens, W.A. (author), Cain, B. (author)
There are numerous conceptual similarities between affective and rational decision making functions despite the differences between the emotional and cognitive systems. Aspects of emotion may be considered as a concurrent stream of information processing that is coupled with explicit, rational information processing. The advantage of the...
conference paper 2013
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Brouwer, A.M. (author)
We here introduce a new experimental paradigm to induce mental stress in a quick and easy way while adhering to ethical standards and controlling for potential confounds resulting from sensory input, body movements and behavior of people involved in conducting the experiment. In our Sing-a-Song Stress Test, participants are presented with...
report 2013
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van Erp, J.B.F. (author), Philippi, T.G. (author), Werkhoven, P. (author)
In the illusory flash paradigm, a single flash may be experienced as two flashes when accompanied by two beeps or taps, and two flashes may be experienced as a single flash when accompanied by one beep or tap. The classic paradigm restricts responses to '1' and '2' (2-AFC), ignoring possible qualitative differences between real and illusory...
article 2013
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Dijkstra, K.A. (author), van der Pligt, J. (author), van Kleef, G.A. (author)
What produces better judgments: deliberating or relying on intuition? Past research is inconclusive. We focus on the role of expertise to increase understanding of the effects of judgment mode. We propose a framework in which expertise depends on a person's experience with and knowledge about a domain. Individuals who are relatively experienced...
article 2013
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Kamphuis, W. (author)
conference paper 2013
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Lucassen, T. (author), Schraagen, J.M.C. (author)
With the rise of user generated content, evaluating the credibility of information has become increasingly important. It is already known that various user characteristics influence the way credibility evaluation is performed. Domain experts on the topic at hand primarily focus on semantic features of information (e.g., factual accuracy),...
article 2013
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Hoogendoorn, M. (author), Jaffry, S.W. (author), van Maanen, P.P. (author), Treur, J. (author)
Abstract. Within human trust related behaviour, according to the literature from the domains of Psychology and Social Sciences often non-rational behaviour can be observed. Current trust models that have been developed typically do not incorporate non-rational elements in the trust formation dynamics. In order to enable agents that interact with...
article 2013
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Lucassen, T. (author), Schraagen, J.M.C. (author)
Credibility evaluation has become a daily task in the current world of online information that varies in quality. The way this task is performed has been a topic of research for some time now. In this study, we aim to extend this research by proposing an integrated layer model of trust. According to this model, trust in information is influenced...
article 2012
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de Greef, T. (author)
This dissertation promotes a focus shift from automation extending human capabilities to automation partnering with the human. Highly automated systems tend to be incompatible with humans, leading to degradations in performance that may lead to serious problems in high-risk professional domains, such as the Navy and Urban Search and Rescue. This...
doctoral thesis 2012
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Lucassen, T. (author), Dijkstra, R. (author), Schraagen, J.M.C. (author)
Wikipedia is becoming widely acknowledged as a reliable source of encyclopedic information. However, concerns have been expressed about its readability. Wikipedia articles might be written in a language too difficult to be understood by most of its visitors. In this study, we apply the Flesch reading ease test to all available articles from the...
article 2012
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Dijkstra, K.A. (author)
In sum, I may conclude that the way we make decisions affects how we attend to and process information, which in turn affects the quality of our judgments and decisions (Chapter 2). When we rely on reasons or analyze, we focus on details and possibly ignore other valuable sources of information. When relying on intuition we focus on the global...
doctoral thesis 2012
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