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Lucassen, M.P. (author), Alferdinck, J.W.A.M. (author), van Megen, R. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
In The Netherlands, veal carcasses are classified on color, conformation and fatness. In the past 20 years, major efforts have been put into the development of a reliable color classification system. Initially, the color of the musculus rectus abdominis was visually matched to a 10-point scale. Later on, the visual classification was replaced by...
conference paper 2010
document
Feenstra, P.J. (author), Bos, J.E. (author), van Gent, R.N.H.W. (author)
A simulator study has been conducted demonstrating a positive effect on airsickness by utilizing a 3D artificial Earth-fixed visual pattern. Participants were exposed to the same turbulent physical aircraft motion in a simulator three times in a row, each time using a different visual cue. In one condition only the interior of the simulator...
article 2011
document
Beintema, J.A. (author), Toet, A. (author), de Vries, S.J. (author)
The construction and validation of soldier combat models requires data on the conspicuity of camouflaged targets in the field, and human targets in particular. So far, this data is lacking. Also, it si currently unknown to what degree luminance contrast and motion contribute to target conspicuity. These data are needed to enable the validation...
conference paper 2011
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Kooi, F. (author)
bookPart 2011
document
Toet, A. (author)
bookPart 2011
document
Jansen, S.E.M. (author), Toet, A. (author), Werkhoven, P.J. (author)
In this study, the authors investigated how restriction of the vertical viewing angle influences obstacle-crossing behavior. Twelve participants stepped over obstacles of different dimensions while wearing visual-field-restricting goggles. Using full-body motion capture, several kinematic measures were extracted and analyzed. Results indicate...
article 2011
document
Bijl, P. (author), Reynolds, J.P. (author), Vos, W.K. (author), Hogervorst, M.A. (author), Fanning, J.D. (author)
The TTP (Targeting Task Performance) metric, developed at NVESD, is the current standard US Army model to predict EO/IR Target Acquisition performance. This model however does not have a corresponding lab or field test to empirically assess the performance of a camera system. The TOD (Triangle Orientation Discrimination) method, developed at TNO...
conference paper 2011
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Toet, A. (author)
The structural image similarity index (SSIM), introduced by Wang and Bovik (IEEE Signal Processing Letters 9-3, pp. 81-84, 2002) measures the similarity between images in terms of luminance, contrast en structure. It has successfully been deployed to model human visual perception of image distortions and modifications in a wide range of...
conference paper 2011
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Bijl, P. (author), Hogervorst, M.A. (author)
The MRTD and MRC end-to-end EO/IR system tests and corresponding models, described in NATO STANAGs 4347-4351, lead to incorrect Target Acquisition (TA) range predictions for modern imaging systems that are 1) usually under-sampled and/or 2) contain complex signal processing. Considerable efforts have been made to develop tests and models that...
conference paper 2012
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Toet, A. (author), Hogervorst, M.A. (author)
We present an overview of our recent progress and the current state-of-the-art techniques of color image fusion for night vision applications. Inspired by previously developed color opponent fusing schemes, we initially developed a simple pixel-based false color-mapping scheme that yielded fused false color images with large color contrast and...
article 2012
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Jansen, S.E.M. (author)
In order to walk through structured surroundings without colliding with any obstacles or parts of that environment, humans rely for the most part on the visual system. Therefore, impairment in the acquisition of visual information poses a threat to efficient and save locomotion through structured environments. One form of impairment is the...
doctoral thesis 2012
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de Winkel, K.N. (author), Soyka, F. (author), Barnett-Cowan, M. (author), B├╝lthoff, H.H. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), Werkhoven, P.J. (author)
The brain is able to determine angular self-motion from visual, vestibular, and kinesthetic information. There is compelling evidence that both humans and non-human primates integrate visual and inertial (i.e., vestibular and kinesthetic) information in a statistically optimal fashion when discriminating heading direction. In the present study,...
article 2013
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Alferdinck, J.W.A.M. (author), Hogervorst, M.A. (author)
Light sources that are optimized for mesopic vision contain a relatively high amount of bluish light (high S/P-ratio) and are therefore effective for peripheral visual tasks at mesopic light levels. Since the spectra of these light sources differ strongly from the common public lighting there were doubts on the performance of these light sources...
conference paper 2013
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Alferdinck, J.W.A.M. (author), Hogervorst, M.A. (author)
Purpose : According to international legislation pilothouse windows of inland vessels should have a minimum light transmission of 75%. The shipping sector is wondering whether this requirement can be reduced since a large portion of the fleet is equipped with green tinted windows panes with a lower light transmission. In this study, we answer...
report 2013
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Laurent, N. (author), Lejard, C. (author), Deltel, G. (author), Bijl, P. (author)
Night vision equipment is crucial in order to accomplish supremacy and safety of the troops on the battlefield. Evidently, system integrators, MODs and end-users need access to reliable quantitative characterization of the expected field performance when using night vision equipment. The Image Intensifier tube is one of the most important...
conference paper 2013
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Hogervorst, M.A. (author), Toet, A. (author), Bijl, P. (author)
We investigate how human visual search performance with field of view (FOV) restrictions depends on scan speed, zoom factor, target location, and conspicuity. First, observers search a FOV that moves at a constant speed along a predefined path over a visual search scene (the field of regard, or FOR), and we measure the effects of scan speed,...
article 2013
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Bijl, P. (author), Maurer, T. (author), Wilson, D. (author)
Search and detection are two everyday jobs of many biological systems, performed almost innately, either consciously or subconsciously and necessary for survival. Search and target detection, in particular, are the first stages in visual observation tasks associated with military target acquisition, industrial inspection, traffic control, and...
article 2013
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van Erp, J.B.F. (author), Philippi, T.G. (author), Werkhoven, P. (author)
In the illusory flash paradigm, a single flash may be experienced as two flashes when accompanied by two beeps or taps, and two flashes may be experienced as a single flash when accompanied by one beep or tap. The classic paradigm restricts responses to '1' and '2' (2-AFC), ignoring possible qualitative differences between real and illusory...
article 2013
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Toet, A. (author), Hogervorst, M.A. (author)
We present a new method to derive a multiscale urban camouflage pattern from a given set of background image samples. We applied this method to design a camouflage pattern for a given (semi-arid) urban environment. We performed a human visual search experiment and a computational evaluation study to assess the effectiveness of this multiscale...
article 2013
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Philippi, T.G. (author)
The overarching purpose of this thesis was to investigate the beneficial effects of congruent visual, auditory, and tactile presentation on navigation performance. Overall, the results show that multisensory presentation is advantageous. An important aspect of this finding is that multisensory performance was always equal to or higher than the...
doctoral thesis 2013
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