(1 - 20 of 52)

Pages

document
Risto, M. (author), Martens, M.H. (author)
In order to guarantee safety, drivers are advised to keep large enough headways. However, headway advice is often provided in terms of time headway, without knowing whether this is the right way of presenting the advice. According to a psychophysics theory, attaining a time headway would indeed allow drivers to show higher headway choice...
article 2013
document
Martens, M.H. (author), Brouwer, R.F.T. (author)
In driver behaviour research there is considerable focus on distraction caused by specific external systems, such as navigation systems or mobile telephones. However, it is not clear whether self-paced actions such as daydreaming have the same negative effects on driving behaviour. In a driving simulator study, the effects of an internal...
article 2013
document
Feenstra, P.J. (author), van der Horst, A.R.A. (author), GrĂ¡cio, B.J.C. (author), Wentink, M. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
The goal of the present study was to explore how simulator motion cuing affects the driver's control performance of a car. Steering behavior was used as a measure of control performance. The experimental task was a slalom maneuver in which the velocity of the car was limited to 70 km/h. Subjective and objective variables were measured. The paper...
article 2010
document
Martens, M.H. (author)
Auto's die gedeeltelijk automatisch rijden krijgen minder ongelukken en verbeteren de doorstroming. Maar dan moeten ze wel 100 procent veilig functioneren. Volgens verkeerspsycholoog Marieke Martens kan dat alleen als voldoende rekening is gehouden met de gedragseffecten van systemen die een deel van de rijtaak overnemen.
article 2013
document
Sluijsmans, G. (author)
article 2012
document
Hoedemaeker, D.M. (author)
Binnen de automobielindustrie wordt hard gewerkt aan verkeersveiligheidsystemen in de nieuwste modellen. Zo presenteert Mercedes Benz binnenkort een nieuwe klasse die al 36o graden 'om zich heen kan kijken'om gevaar en ongevallen te voorkomen. Belangrijke ontwikkelingen, maar de winst is toch vaak minder dan je zou hopen, relativeert Marika...
article 2013
document
Martens, M.H. (author)
The current study focuses on Change Blindness in a road environment. The purpose of the experiment is to study how the type of change induced affects the strength of Change Blindness and the role of glance duration and attention. Hundred-thirty-one participants watched video films showing six drives around a block filmed from the drivers...
article 2011
document
Sluijsmans, G. (author)
Autorijden is duur, maar er zijn alternatieven, bijvoorbeeld carpoolen, fietsen, de trein pakken of een kleinere auto kopen. ANWB en TNO geven de milieu- en prijsbewuste reiziger een duwtje in de rug met een online tool die bespaartips op maat geeft
article 2013
document
van Nes, N. (author), Christoph, M. (author), Hoedemaeker, M. (author), van der Horst, A.R.A. (author)
Naturalistic driving studies are increasingly applied in different shapes and sizes. The European project PROLOGUE has investigated the value and feasibility of a large-scale naturalistic driving study in Europe. Within PROLOGUE several pilot studies have been conducted in different countries. The Dutch field trial investigated the value and...
article 2013
document
Theeuwes, J. (author), van der Horst, A.R.A. (author), Kuiken, M. (author)
Many books focus on individual differences and how those relate to traffic safety, such as accident proneness, gender differences, age, alcohol, and the effects of drugs. Others focus on the safety effects regarding the vehicle, such as airbags, anti-lock brakes, navigation systems, intelligent cruise control and other new gadgets coming...
book 2012
document
de Goede, M. (author), Groenewoud, C. (author), van der Horst, A.R.A. (author)
More than half of all severe traffic accidents in which pedestrians or cyclists are involved, occur during road crossing. In this chapter insights, based on previous studies and literature, concerning requirements for safe and comfortable crossing facilities are discussed. In order to develop notions of needs, abilities and motives, different...
bookPart 2010
document
Hogema, J.H. (author), Wewerinke, P.H. (author)
In the design and development of advanced vehicle control systems such as X-by-Wire (XBW), system safety is a crucial aspect. Failures in XBW can easily result in accidents. Therefore, methods and tools are needed to ensure fault-tolerant systems. Quantifying the consequence of an error is far from trivial, since the consequence is determined...
bookPart 2012
document
Fyhri, A. (author), Hof, T. (author), Simonova, Z. (author), de Jong, M. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
In the current chapter we highlight two types of risk that are of importance for pedestrians: the risk of being involved in an accident and the risk of being victim of criminal offences, violence or threats. In most cases it is the latter type of risk that is of importance for pedestrians, and which influences their behaviour. From a theoretical...
bookPart 2010
document
Anand, S. (author), Terken, J. (author), Hogema, J.H. (author), Martens, J.B. (author)
Steer-by-Wire systems enable designers to offer completely personalized steering feel to drivers, unlike existing steering systems that offer limited or no personalization. In this paper we focus on feedback torque level, a significant factor for steering feel. Earlier studies indicate that the preferred feedback torque level may be related to...
bookPart 2012
document
Martens, M.H. (author)
bookPart 2013
document
Schaap, T.W. (author), van der Horst, A.R.A. (author), van Arem, B. (author), Brookhuis, K.A. (author)
Driver distraction and mental workload are two constructs that are closely related, but which are affected by different aspects of the driving situation and may also have different effects on driving performance. This chapter introduces the concept of latent driver distraction, a form of driver distraction that does not materialise in measurably...
bookPart 2013
document
van der Horst, A.R.A. (author)
bookPart 2013
document
Martens, M.H. (author), Jenssen, G.D. (author)
One purpose of Intelligent Vehicles is to improve road safety, throughput, and emissions. However, the predicted effects are not always as large as aimed for. Part of this is due to indirect behavioral changes of drivers, also called behavioral adaptation. Behavioral adaptation (BA) refers to unintended behavior that arises following a change to...
bookPart 2012
document
Wilschut, E.S. (author), de Waard, D. (author)
bookPart 2011
document
Cabello, E. (author), Sanchez, F. (author), Martin, I. (author), Calello, A.B. (author), de Goede, M. (author), van der Horst, A.R.A. (author), Conde, C. (author), Romay, P. (author)
The urban expansion, the motorization, the work and shopping concentration in the cities outskirts have caused a constant increase in the travelling distances. Therefore, walking is getting more and more difficult and dangerous. On the other hand, there is a great diversity of pedestrians with different requests or needs when using the urban and...
bookPart 2010
(1 - 20 of 52)

Pages