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Smets-Noor, N.J.J.M. (author)
TNO neemt deel aan het Europese Nifti-project. Samen met zijn partners onderzoekt de kennisinstetting slimme robots die hutpverleners bijstaan bij aardbevingen en andere rampen. Nadruk ligt daarbij op de samenwerking tussen mens en machine. Wie doet wat?
article 2013
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Gosselink, G.A.B. (author), Anbeek, H. (author), Bijl, P. (author), Hogervorst, M.A. (author)
The Triangle Orientation Discrimination (TOD) test method was applied to characterize thermal and visual range performance of the Gatekeeper Electro Optical Security System. Gatekeeper developed by Thales Nederland BV, is currently in use with the Royal Netherlands Navy. The system houses uncooled infrared and colour TV cameras providing up to...
conference paper 2013
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Laurent, N. (author), Lejard, C. (author), Deltel, G. (author), Bijl, P. (author)
Night vision equipment is crucial in order to accomplish supremacy and safety of the troops on the battlefield. Evidently, system integrators, MODs and end-users need access to reliable quantitative characterization of the expected field performance when using night vision equipment. The Image Intensifier tube is one of the most important...
conference paper 2013
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Toet, A. (author), Houtkamp, J.M. (author), van der Meulen, R. (author)
We investigated whether manipulation of visual and auditory depth and speed cues can affect a user’s sense of risk for a low-cost nonimmersive virtual environment (VE) representing a highway environment with traffic incidents. The VE is currently used in an examination program to assess procedural knowledge of highway patrol officers. In its...
article 2013
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Tak, S. (author), Cockburn, A. (author)
Abstract—Treemaps are a well known and powerful space-filling visualisation method for displaying hierarchical data. Many alternative treemap algorithms have been proposed, often with the aim being to optimise performance across several criteria, including spatial stability to assist users in locating and monitoring items of interest. In this...
article 2013
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Hogervorst, M.A. (author), Toet, A. (author), Bijl, P. (author)
We investigate how human visual search performance with field of view (FOV) restrictions depends on scan speed, zoom factor, target location, and conspicuity. First, observers search a FOV that moves at a constant speed along a predefined path over a visual search scene (the field of regard, or FOR), and we measure the effects of scan speed,...
article 2013
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Bijl, P. (author), Maurer, T. (author), Wilson, D. (author)
Search and detection are two everyday jobs of many biological systems, performed almost innately, either consciously or subconsciously and necessary for survival. Search and target detection, in particular, are the first stages in visual observation tasks associated with military target acquisition, industrial inspection, traffic control, and...
article 2013
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Toet, A. (author), Hogervorst, M.A. (author)
We present a new method to derive a multiscale urban camouflage pattern from a given set of background image samples. We applied this method to design a camouflage pattern for a given (semi-arid) urban environment. We performed a human visual search experiment and a computational evaluation study to assess the effectiveness of this multiscale...
article 2013
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Hancock, P.A. (author), Mercado, J.E. (author), Merlo, J. (author), van Erp, J.B.F. (author)
The present experiment tested 60 individuals on a multiple screen, visual target detection task. Using a within-participant design, individuals received no-cue augmentation, an augmenting tactile cue alone, an augmenting auditory cue alone or both of the latter augmentations in combination. Results showed significant and substantive improvements...
article 2013
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Toet, A. (author), Alferdinck, J.W.A.M. (author)
In this study we investigated the effectiveness of high power illuminators that are intended to be used as warning devices or non-lethal weapons to deny car drivers their view on the outside world through windscreens. The test is based on a measurement of the amount of veiling glare resulting when a high intensity light source hits a windscreen....
conference paper 2013
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Mioch, T. (author), Giele, T.R.A. (author), Smets, N.J.J.M. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author)
This paper evaluates the feasibility and reliability of measuring the (emotional) state of the robot operators in urban search and rescue missions in real-time. An experiment has been conducted, in which a high-fidelity team task in a realistic urban search and rescue setting was executed by fire fighters in cooperation with robots. During the...
conference paper 2013
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Bijl, P. (author), Hogervorst, M.A. (author)
The MRTD and MRC end-to-end EO/IR system tests and corresponding models, described in NATO STANAGs 4347-4351, lead to incorrect Target Acquisition (TA) range predictions for modern imaging systems that are 1) usually under-sampled and/or 2) contain complex signal processing. Considerable efforts have been made to develop tests and models that...
conference paper 2012
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Kooi, F.L. (author), Ledegang, W.D. (author)
conference paper 2012
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Houben, M.M.J. (author), Kurt, R. (author), Khalid, H. (author), Zoet, P. (author), Bos, J.E. (author), Turan, O. (author)
Within the EU FP7 project SILENV, noise and vibration measurements were carried out on several ships. These objective measures were accompanied by subjective measures recorded through questionnaires. With this, we developed models describing the relationship between the levels of noise and vibration on board ships and subjective ratings on...
conference paper 2012
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de Winkel, K.N. (author), Clément, G. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), Werkhoven, P.J. (author)
Although the mechanisms of neural adaptation to weightlessness and re-adaptation to Earth-gravity have received a lot of attention since the first human space flight, there is as yet little knowledge about how spatial orientation is affected by partial gravity, such as lunar gravity of 0.16. g or Martian gravity of 0.38. g. Up to now twelve...
article 2012
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de Greef, T. (author)
This dissertation promotes a focus shift from automation extending human capabilities to automation partnering with the human. Highly automated systems tend to be incompatible with humans, leading to degradations in performance that may lead to serious problems in high-risk professional domains, such as the Navy and Urban Search and Rescue. This...
doctoral thesis 2012
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Brouwer, A.-M. (author), de Vries, A. (author), Caljouw, C. (author), Broekman, C. (author), Bloeme, D. (author), Veldhuis, G. (author), Visschedijk, G. (author), Stubbé, H. (author), Kerstholt, J. (author), de Koning, L. (author), 't Hart, M. (author), van Emmerik, M. (author)
De publicatie is een combinatie van de resultaten van TNO projecten over crisiscommunicatie en zelfredzaameheid van burgers. Wat doe je als er in je omgeving iets gebeurt? Een overstroming, een opstootje of een ongeluk? Of als de stroom langdurig uitvalt, gas of water afgesloten raken in een strenge winter? En wat als er in je huis of kantoor...
report 2012
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van Diggelen, J. (author), Looije, R. (author), Mioch, T. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author), Smets, N.J.J.M. (author)
This paper presents a usage-centered evaluation method to assess the capabilities of a particular Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV) for establishing the operational goals. The method includes a test battery consisting of basic tasks (e.g., slalom, funnel driving, object detection). Tests can be of different levels of abstraction, and be performed in...
conference paper 2012
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Mioch, T. (author), Smets, N.J.J.M. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author)
Human-in-the-loop field tests of human-robot operations in high-demand situations provide serious constraints with respect to costs and control. A set of relatively simple unit tasks might be used to do part of the testing and to establish a benchmark for human-robot performance and situation awareness. For an urban search and rescue (tunnel...
conference paper 2012
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Ledegang, W.D. (author), Groen, E.L. (author), Wentink, M. (author)
This paper describes two simulator experiments studying how accurately pilots can judge and reproduce specific g loads and how their control behavior depends on the sensation of physical g loads during unusual attitude recovery. Seventeen commercial pilots participated. The first experiment shows that pilots tend to overestimate g loads,...
article 2012
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