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Horsch, C.H.G. (author), Smets, N.J.J.M. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author), Cuijpers, R.A. (author)
A convenient way to test Urban Search And Rescue (USAR) robots would be in virtual environments (VEs). Evaluations in VEs are generally accepted as alternative for real scenarios. There are obvious differences between operation in a real and virtual environment. Nonetheless, the current experiment showed no significant differences in situation...
conference paper 2013
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Horsch, C.H.G. (author), Smets, N.J.J.M. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author), Cuijpers, R.A. (author)
In urban search and rescue (USAR) situations resources are limited and workload is high. Robots that act as team players instead of tools could help in these situations. A Virtual Reality (VR) experiment was set up to test if team performance of a human-robot team increases when the robot act as such a team player. Three robot settings were...
conference paper 2013
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van Diggelen, J. (author), Grootjen, M. (author), Ubink, E.M. (author), van Zomeren, M. (author), Smets, N.J.J.M. (author)
Optimal support of professionals in complex ambient task environments requires a system that delivers the Right Message at the Right Moment in the Right Modality: (RM)3. This paper describes a content-based design methodology and an agent-based architecture to enable real time decisions of information presentation according to (RM)3. We will...
conference paper 2013
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Mioch, T. (author), Giele, T.R.A. (author), Smets, N.J.J.M. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author)
This paper evaluates the feasibility and reliability of measuring the (emotional) state of the robot operators in urban search and rescue missions in real-time. An experiment has been conducted, in which a high-fidelity team task in a realistic urban search and rescue setting was executed by fire fighters in cooperation with robots. During the...
conference paper 2013
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Larochelle, B. (author), Kruijff, G.J.M. (author), Smets, N.J.J.M. (author), van Diggelen, J. (author)
Urban search and rescue (USAR) missions are unique and unpredictable. Communication and coordination is difficult, with high-level actors (e.g. mission commander) lacking local terrain knowledge while low-level actors (e.g. robot operators, in-field rescuers) lack global situation awareness (SA). In-field actors have high mobility and a direct...
conference paper 2013
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Schouten, D. (author), Smets, N. (author), Driessen, M. (author), Hanekamp, M. (author), Cremers, A.H.M. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author)
Learning and acting on social conventions is problematic for low-literates and non-natives, causing problems with societal participation and citizenship. Using the Situated Cognitive Engineering method, requirements for the design of social conventions learning software are derived from demographic information, adult learning frameworks and ICT...
conference paper 2013
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Smets, N.J.J.M. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author), Looije, R. (author)
conference paper 2012
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van Diggelen, J. (author), Looije, R. (author), Mioch, T. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author), Smets, N.J.J.M. (author)
This paper presents a usage-centered evaluation method to assess the capabilities of a particular Unmanned Ground Vehicle (UGV) for establishing the operational goals. The method includes a test battery consisting of basic tasks (e.g., slalom, funnel driving, object detection). Tests can be of different levels of abstraction, and be performed in...
conference paper 2012
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Kruijff, G.J.M. (author), Janíček, M. (author), Keshavdas, S. (author), Larochelle, B. (author), Zender, H. (author), Smets, N.J.J.M. (author), Mioch, T. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author), van Diggelen, J. (author), Colas, F. (author), Liu, M. (author), Pomerleau, F. (author), Svoboda, T. (author), Petriček, T. (author), Pirri, F. (author), Giannni, M. (author), Papadakis, P. (author), Sinha, A. (author), Balmer, P. (author), Tomatis, N. (author), WOrst, R. (author), Linder, T. (author), Surmann, H. (author), Tretyakov, V. (author), Corrao, S. (author), Pratzler-Wanczura, S. (author), Sulk, M. (author)
The paper describes experience with applying a user-centric design methodology in developing systems for human-robot teaming in Urban Search & Rescue. A human-robot team consists of several robots (rovers/UGVs, microcopter/UAVs), several humans at an off-site command post (mission commander, UGV operators) and one on-site human (UAV operator)....
conference paper 2012
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Mioch, T. (author), Smets, N.J.J.M. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author)
Human-in-the-loop field tests of human-robot operations in high-demand situations provide serious constraints with respect to costs and control. A set of relatively simple unit tasks might be used to do part of the testing and to establish a benchmark for human-robot performance and situation awareness. For an urban search and rescue (tunnel...
conference paper 2012
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Colin, T.R. (author), Mioch, T. (author), Smets, N.J.J.M. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author)
This paper presents a Cognitive Task Load (CTL) model designed to keep track of an operator’s mental workload, both quantitatively (amount of workload) and qualitatively (cognitive state). By integrating this model in a (semi-)autonomous robot, robot’s level of automation and user interface can be attuned to the operator’s state (Every second,...
conference paper 2012
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Cornelissen, F. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author), Smets, N.J.J.M. (author), Breebaart, L. (author), Dujardin, P. (author), Wolff, M. (author)
This paper reports on the use and the evaluation of applying gaming aspects as a means to promote self-study and increase motivation to train for executing operations on human space flight missions that have a duration that exceeds the typical duration of low earth orbit missions. The gaming aspects that are evaluated include avatar...
conference paper 2012
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Streefkerk, J.W. (author), Vos, W.K. (author), Smets, N.J.J.M. (author)
Firefighters searching for victims work in hazardous environments with limited visibility, obstacles and uncertain navigation paths. In rescue tasks, extra sensor information from infrared cameras, indoor radar and gas sensors could improve vision, orientation and navigation. A visual and tactile interface concept is proposed that integrates...
conference paper 2012
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Mioch, T. (author), Smets, N.J.J.M. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author)
This paper presents a test battery method to investigate (relative) operational upsides and downsides of robot innovations. This method was applied to test the teleoperated Generaal robot and the NIFTi robot that could be operated in manual and semi-automatic mode for navigation and situation sensing. The unit tasks of our test battery proved to...
conference paper 2012
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Larochelle, B. (author), Kruijff, G.J.M. (author), Smets, N. (author), Mioch, T. (author), Groenewegen, P. (author)
Early on in a disaster it is crucial for humans to make an assessment of the situation, to help determine further action. Robots can potentially assist humans here, particularly when the hotzone is too dangerous for humans. Crucial in this human-robot team effort is that the system of robot and means of interacting with it afford the human to...
conference paper 2011
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Neerincx, M.A. (author), de Greef, T. (author), Smets, N.J.J.M. (author), Sam, M.P. (author)
Shared Mental Models (SSM) are crucial for adequate coordination of activities and resource deployment in disaster responses. Both human and robot are actors in the construction of such models. Based on a situated Cognitive Engineering (sCE) methodology, we identified the needs, functions and evaluation paradigm for this model construction...
conference paper 2011
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Smets, N.J.J.M. (author), te Brake, G.M. (author), Buurman, T.M. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author), van Oostendorp, H. (author)
For surveillance and rescue operations, human navigation and situation awareness should be well-supported. However, proper testing of new and innovative mobile support is hard for such operations. Evaluations in field settings are expensive, difficult to control, potentially dangerous, and may sometimes be impossible to execute. Using a virtual...
article 2011
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Westera, M. (author), Boschloo, J. (author), van Diggelen, J. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author), Koelewijn, L.S. (author), Smets, N.J.J.M. (author)
Motivation – Complex design specifications must be partitioned in manageable pieces to be able to evaluate them in separate experiments. No methodology exists yet to deal with this task. Research approach – Practical experience in Situated Cognitive Engineering and the Mission Execution Crew Assistant is combined with a theoretical perspective...
conference paper 2010
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