(1 - 20 of 52)

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Siddiqui, A. (author), Cuttini, M. (author), Wood, R. (author), Velebil, P. (author), Delnord, M. (author), Zile, I. (author), Barros, H. (author), Gissler, M. (author), Hindori-Mohangoo, A.D. (author), Blondel, B. (author), Zeitlin, J. (author), Haidinger, G. (author), Alexander, S. (author), Pavlou, P. (author), Mortensen, L. (author), Sakkeus, L. (author), Lack, N. (author), Antsaklis, A. (author), Berbik, I. (author), Ólafsdóttir, H.S. (author), Bonham, S. (author), Misins, J. (author), Jaselioniene, J. (author), Wagener, Y. (author), Gatt, M. (author), Nijhuis, J. (author), Klungsøyr, K. (author), Szamotulska, K. (author), Horga, M. (author), Cap, J. (author), Mandić, N.T. (author), Bolúmar, F. (author), Gottvall, K. (author), Berrut, S. (author), Macfarlane, A. (author), Euro-Peristat Scientific Committee (author)
Background: The Apgar score has been shown to be predictive of neonatal mortality in clinical and population studies, but has not been used for international comparisons. We examined population-level distributions in Apgar scores and associations with neonatal mortality in Europe. Methods: Aggregate data on the 5 minute Apgar score for live...
article 2017
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van den Broek, T.J. (author), Bakker, G.C.M. (author), Rubingh, C.M. (author), Bijlsma, S. (author), Stroeve, J.H.M. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), Wopereis, S. (author)
Background: A key feature of metabolic health is the ability to adapt upon dietary perturbations. A systemic review defined an optimal nutritional challenge test, the "PhenFlex test" (PFT). Recently, it has been shown that the PFT enables the quantification of all relevant metabolic processes involved in maintaining or regaining homeostasis of...
article 2017
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van Avesaat, M. (author), Troost, F.J. (author), Ripken, D. (author), Hendriks, H.F. (author), Aam, M. (author)
BACKGROUND: Activation of the ileal brake, by infusing lipid directly into the distal part of the small intestine, alters gastrointestinal (GI) motility and inhibits food intake. The ileal brake effect on eating behavior of the other macronutrients is currently unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of...
article 2015
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Schmidt, S.C. (author), Sleddens, E.F.C. (author), de Vries, S.I. (author), Gubbels, J. (author), Thijs, C. (author)
Changes in the neighborhood environment may explain part of the rapid increase in childhood overweight and obesity during the last decades. To date few theory-driven rather than data-driven studies have explored longitudinal associations between multiple neighborhood characteristics and child body weight development. We aimed to assess the...
article 2015
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Schrieks, I.C. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), Griffioen-Roose, S. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), Boerrigter-Rijneveld, R. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether food reward plays a role in the stimulating effect of moderate alcohol consumption on subsequent food intake. In addition, we explored the role of oral and gut sensory pathways in alcohol's effect on food reward by modified sham feeding (MSF) or consumption of a preload after alcohol intake.In a...
article 2015
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van Avesaat, M. (author), Troost, F.J. (author), Ripken, D. (author), Peters, J. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Masclee, A.A.M. (author)
Background: Taste receptors are expressed not only in taste buds but also in the gastrointestinal tract. It has been hypothesized that these receptors may play a role in satiety and food intake. Objective: This study investigated the effect of intraduodenal tastant infusions (bitter, sweet, and umami) on food intake, hunger and fullness,...
article 2015
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Hendriksen, M.A.H. (author), Verkaik-Kloosterman, J. (author), Noort, M.W. (author), van Raaij, J.M.A. (author)
Background/objectives: Sodium intake in the Netherlands is substantially above the recommended intake of 2400 mg/day. This study aimed to estimate the effect of two sodium reduction strategies, that is, modification of the composition of industrially processed foods toward the technologically feasible minimum level or alteration of consumers’...
article 2015
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Hiemstra-van Mastrigt, S. (author), Kamp, I. (author), van Veen, S.A.T. (author), Vink, P. (author), Bosch, T. (author)
New technologies have led to an increasingly sedentary lifestyle. Sedentary behaviour is characterised by physical inactivity and is associated with several health risks. This excessive sitting does not only take place in the office or at home, but also during daily commute. Therefore, BMW AG developed an active seating system for the back seat...
article 2015
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Ladirat, S.E. (author), Schoterman, M.H.C. (author), Rahaoui, H. (author), Mars, M. (author), Schuren, F.H.J. (author), Gruppen, H. (author), Nauta, A. (author), Schols, H.A. (author)
In the present double-blind, randomised, parallel intervention study, the effects of the intake of galacto-oligosaccharides (GOS) on the gut microbiota of twelve healthy adult subjects (aged 18-45 years with a normal BMI (18-25 kg/m2)) receiving amoxicillin (AMX) treatment were determined. All the subjects were treated with AMX (375 mg; three...
article 2014
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Koopmans, L. (author), Bernaards, C.M. (author), Hildebrandt, V.H. (author), de Vet, H.C.W. (author), van der Beek, A.J. (author)
OBJECTIVE:: To examine the construct validity of the Individual Work Performance Questionnaire (IWPQ). METHODS:: A total of 1424 Dutch workers from three occupational sectors (blue, pink, and white collar) participated in the study. First, IWPQ scores were correlated with related constructs (convergent validity). Second, differences between...
article 2014
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Hamer, H.M. (author), Jonkers, D.M.A.E. (author), Loof, A. (author), van Houtvin, S.A.L.W. (author), Troost, F.J. (author), Venema, K. (author), Kodde, A. (author), Koek, G.H. (author), Schipper, R.G. (author), van Heerde, W.L. (author), Brummer, R.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: The mucus layer is an important dynamic component of the epithelial barrier. It contains mucin glycoproteins and other compounds secreted by the intestinal epithelium, such as secretory IgA. However, a standardized in vivo sampling technique of mucus in humans is not yet available. Aim: To assess the validity and feasibility of mucin...
article 2009
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de Wijk, R.A. (author), Zijlstra, N. (author), Mars, M. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), Prinz, J.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Two studies investigated the effect of a food's viscosity on bite size, bite effort and food intake using a standardized protocol in which subjects sipped through a straw every 20 s for a period of 15 min from one of two products, a chocolate-flavored dairy drink and a chocolate-flavored dairy semi-solid, matched for energy density. In the first...
article 2008
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Martens, M. (author), van Assema, P. (author), Paulussen, T. (author), Schaalma, H. (author), Brug, J. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
The aim of this study was to examine the fidelity and completeness of the implementation of a school-based healthful diet promotion programme called 'Krachtvoer' (we use the Dutch title of the programme throughout this article. A possible translation is Power Food, but this does not reflect the play on words in the Dutch title), aimed at lower...
article 2006
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Valk, P.J.L. (author), van Roon, D.B. (author), Simons, M. (author), Rikken, G. (author)
Sustained vigilance is required by pilots and crew during flight; therefore, the use of antihistamines with sedating properties is widely prohibited. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of desloratadine, a long-acting, nonsedating antihistamine, on healthy volunteers placed under conditions of simulated cabin pressure. Methods...
article 2004
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Fox, T.E. (author), van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Atherton, C.A. (author), Dainty, J.R. (author), Lewis, D.J. (author), Langford, N.J. (author), Crews, H.M. (author), Luten, J.B. (author), Lorentzen, M. (author), Sieling, F.W. (author), van Aken-Schneyder, P. (author), Hoek, M. (author), Kotterman, M.J.J. (author), van Dael, P. (author), Firweather-Tail, S.J. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: To measure the bioavailability of selenium from cooked and raw fish in humans by estimating and comparing apparent absorption and retention of selenium in biosynthetically labelled fish with labelled selenate and biosynthetically labelled selenium in brewers yeast. Design: The intervention study was a parallel, randomised, reference...
article 2004
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Brink, E.J. (author), Boelsma, E. (author), Steijns, J. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The aim of the study was to investigate the bioavailability of tryptophan (Trp) from a Trp-enriched peptide mixture in healthy men. A second objective was to investigate the effect of this Trp-enriched protein hydrolysate on potential parameters of serotonergic activity. serum serotonim melatonin and prolactin and urinary 5-hydroxyindol-acetic...
article 2004
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de Wijk, R.A. (author), Polet, I.A. (author), Engelen, L. (author), van Doorn, R.M. (author), Prinz, J.F. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The effects of nonoral sensations, such as visual texture and odor, on the size of the first bite were investigated in a series of studies using specially constructed food delivery cups with lower, from which custards were ingested ("ingested custard"), and upper, from which a custard was viewed and/or smelled ("upper custard") compartments....
article 2004
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Sierksma, A. (author), Muller, M. (author), van der Schouw, Y.T. (author), Grobbee, D.E. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Bots, M.L. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: Moderate alcohol consumption has been proposed to be anti-atherogenic and protect against coronary heart disease. Arterial stiffness provides a summary measure of atherosclerotic arterial damage and cardiovascular risk. A vascular protective effect of moderate alcohol consumption would be reflected in an inverse association between...
article 2004
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Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Brink, E.J. (author), Meijer, G.W. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Ntanios, F.Y. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: To evaluate both efficacy and safety in humans of long-term consumption of spreads containing plant sterol esters. Design: Randomized double-blind placebo-controlled parallel trial. Subjects: Hundred and eighty-five healthy volunteers (35-64y). Intervention: Volunteers daily consumed 20g spread enriched with 1.6g plant sterols as...
article 2003
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van Delft, J.H.M. (author), Steenwinkel, M.-J.S.T. (author), van Asten, J.G. (author), de Vogel, N. (author), Bruijntjes-Rozier, T.C.D.M. (author), Schouten, T. (author), Cramers, P. (author), Maas, L. (author), van Herwijnen, M.H. (author), van Schooten, F.-J. (author), Hopmans, P.M.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Occupational exposure to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) increases the risk of developing lung cancer. Human exposure is often demonstrated by increased internal levels of PAH metabolites and of markers for early biological effects, like DNA adducts and cytogenetic aberrations. Objective: This study aimed to assess whether the current...
article 2001
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