(1 - 20 of 256)

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Vink, A.A. (author), Bergen Henegouwen, J.B.A. (author), Nikaido, O. (author), Baan, R.A. (author), Roza, L. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Induction and removal of cyclobutane thymine dimers and (6-4)photoproducts were studied in epidermal DNA isolated from UV-exposed hairless mice. For the detection of DNA damage, lesion-specific monoclonal antibodies were used in an immunoslotblot assay. Following the exposure of mice to 3.0 kJ m-2 UV-B, substantial removal of both thymine dimers...
article 1994
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de Looze, M.P. (author), Steenhuizen, S. (author), Boeken-Kruger, M.C. (author), Baten, C.T.M. (author), Kingma, I. (author), van Dieën, J.H. (author)
People who know the actual mass of an object to be lifted normally prepare themselves before attempting a lift to control the movement and to minimize low back loading. In this study, the trunk muscular reactions and low back torque were investigated in the situation in which the individual did not know the actual mass but only had some idea of...
article 2000
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van 't Veer, P. (author), van Leer, E.M. (author), Rietdijk, A. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Schouten, E.G. (author), Hermus, R.J.J. (author), Sturmans, F. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
Combinations of dietary factors were studied in relation to breast-cancer occurrence among 133 breast cancer cases and 289 population controls in The Netherlands. Dietary factors were classified according to their possible mechanism of action, i.e., relating either to the intestinal microflora (total fat, fiber, fermented milk products) or to...
article 1991
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Reerink, J.D. (author), Herngreen, W.P. (author), Peters, A.C.B. (author), den Ouden, A.L. (author), Verloove-Vanhorick, S.P. (author), Ruys, J.H. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Objective. Assessment of the prevalence of convulsion-like symptoms in 1854 children of Dutch-speaking mothers of a population-based birth cohort. Method. At each child health clinic (CHC) visit mothers were asked whether they had noted any of the following signs: loss of consciousness, involuntary movements, eye rotation movements and apnoea,...
article 1994
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Treurniet, H.F. (author), Davidse, W. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
In 1983 werd door de Geneeskundige Hoofdinspectie (GHI) een landelijke registratie van seksueel overdraagbare aandoeningen (SOA's) ingevoerd, naast het registratiesysteem van wettelijk aangifteplichtige ziekten. De gegevens voor de registratie worden door sociaal-verpleegkundigen, werkzaam bij GGD'en en geslachtsziekten-poliklinieken, verzameld....
article 1993
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Anthony, S. (author), Buitendijk, S.E. (author), Dorrepaal, C.A. (author), Lindner, K. (author), Braat, D.D.M. (author), den Ouden, A.L. (author)
Background: The percentage of children born after IVF will continue to increase due to demographic changes such as increasing maternal age and new developments in assisted reproduction techniques. IVF conceptions may carry an increased risk of congenital malformations. Methods: We compared overall and specific congenital malformation rates...
article 2002
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de Lange, M. (author), de Geus, E.J.C. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Meijer, P. (author), van Doornen, L.J.P. (author), Boomsma, D.I. (author), Snieder, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Differences in genetic influence on death from CHD between males and females have been reported. Haemostatic factors have consistently been associated with risk for coronary heart disease (CHD), but sex differences in genetic architecture have not been studied. This study in middle-aged twins investigates whether there are sex differences in...
article 2006
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Korst, A.E.C. (author), Boven, E. (author), van der Sterre, M.L.T. (author), Fichtinger-Schepman, A.M.J. (author), van der Vijgh, W.J.F. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Amifostine (Ethyol, WR-2721) is in use in the clinic as a protector against platinum-induced toxicities. We have previously reported that amifostine induced a potentiation of the antitumour activity of carboplatin in human ovarian cancer xenografts. An influence of amifostine on the pharmacokinetics of carboplatin, resulting in higher platinum...
article 1998
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van Dokkum, W. (author), Wezendonk, B. (author), Srikumar, T.S. (author), van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: To study the effect of the intake of 15 g nondigestible oligosaccharides per day on various parameters of large-bowel function, as well as on blood lipid concentrations and glucose absorption in man. Design: Latin square, randomized, double-blind, diet-controlled. Setting: Metabolic research unit. Subjects: Twelve apparently healthy...
article 1999
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Aguirre, M. (author), Ramiro-Garcia, J. (author), Koenen, M.E. (author), Venema, K. (author)
This study investigated the stability and the activity of the microbiota from a single and a pool of donors in the TNO in vitro model of the colon (TIM-2 system). Our findings demonstrate the suitability of the preparation of a pool of fecal sample to be used for fermentation experiments. Chemicals/CAS: isobutyric acid, 5711-69-3, 79-31-2;...
article 2014
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Burgmeijer, R.J.F. (author), de Jonge, G.A. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Objective: To determine whether the sleeping position and the use of duvets in infants in 1994 had changed in comparison with earlier years. Design: Questionnaire survey. Setting: Nationwide investigation in infant welfare centres. Method: 194 infant welfare centres participated in the investigation. In November a questionnaire was completed...
article 1995
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van der Schans, G.P. (author), Noort, D. (author), Mars-Groenendijk, R.H. (author), Fidder, A. (author), Chau, L.F. (author), de Jong, L.P.A. (author), Benschop, H.P. (author), Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author)
As part of a program to develop methods for diagnosis of exposure to chemical warfare agents, we developed immunochemical methods for detection of adducts of sulfur mustard to keratin in human skin. Three partial sequences of keratins containing glutamine or asparagine adducted with a 2-hydroxyethylthioethyl group at the ω-amide function were...
article 2002
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Havermans, B.M. (author), Boot, C.R.L. (author), Brouwers, E.P.M. (author), Houtman, I.L.D. (author), Anema, J.R. (author), van der Beek, A.J. (author)
Objective: The objective was to evaluate the process and feasibility of a digital platform-based implementation strategy aimed at work stress prevention. Methods: The process evaluation was performed alongside a controlled trial within a health care organization, in the experimental group (N = 221). Mental models, context, and barriers and...
article 2018
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Braakhuis, B.J.M. (author), Welters, M.J.P. (author), Cloos, J. (author), Pankras, J.E. (author), Smeets, S.J. (author), Fichtinger-Schepman, A.-M.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The aim of the present study was to investigate how normal head and neck epithelial cells (NHNEC) respond to cisplatin compared to their neoplastic counterparts with respect to intracellular platinum (Pt) levels and growth inhibition. A colorimetric assay was used to assess growth inhibition after exposure to cisplatin for 72 h. Growth...
article 1999
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Emmen, H.H. (author), Hoogendijk, E.M.G. (author), Klöpping-Ketelaars, W.A.A. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Duistermaat, E. (author), Ravensberg, J.C. (author), Alexander, D.J. (author), Borkhataria, D. (author), Rusch, G.M. (author), Schmit, B. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
HFC 134a (1,1,1,2-tetrafluoroethane) and HFC 227 (1,1,1,2,3,3,3-heptafluoropropane) are used to replace chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) in refrigerant and aerosol applications, including medical use in metered-dose inhalers. Production and consumption of CFCs are being phased out under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer....
article 2000
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Gvaramia, D. (author), Blaauboer, M.E. (author), Hanemaaijer, R. (author), Everts, V. (author)
Fibrosis underlies the pathogenesis of numerous diseases and leads to severe damage of vital body organs and, frequently, to death. Better understanding of the mechanisms resulting in fibrosis is essential for developing appropriate treatment solutions and is therefore of upmost importance. Recent evidence suggests a significant antifibrotic...
article 2013
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Fox, T.E. (author), van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Atherton, C.A. (author), Dainty, J.R. (author), Lewis, D.J. (author), Langford, N.J. (author), Crews, H.M. (author), Luten, J.B. (author), Lorentzen, M. (author), Sieling, F.W. (author), van Aken-Schneyder, P. (author), Hoek, M. (author), Kotterman, M.J.J. (author), van Dael, P. (author), Firweather-Tail, S.J. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: To measure the bioavailability of selenium from cooked and raw fish in humans by estimating and comparing apparent absorption and retention of selenium in biosynthetically labelled fish with labelled selenate and biosynthetically labelled selenium in brewers yeast. Design: The intervention study was a parallel, randomised, reference...
article 2004
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Beekman, B. (author), Drijfhout, J.W. (author), Ronday, H.K. (author), TeKoppele, J.M. (author), Gaubius instituut TNO (author)
Elevated MMP activities are implicated in tissue degradation in, e.g., arthritis and cancer. The present study was designed to measure MMP enzyme activity in plasma. Free active MMP is unlikely to be present in plasma: upon entering the circulation, active MMP is expected to be captured by the proteinase inhibitor α2-macroglobulin (α2M)....
article 1999
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Klein Velderman, M. (author), Pannebakker, F.D. (author), van Vliet, W. (author), Reijneveld, S.A. (author)
Objective: Parental divorce has strong impacts on children. Evidence-based programs to support young children after parental divorce are rare. The U.S.-developed Children of Divorce Intervention Program (CODIP) is one of these. CODIP’s effectiveness outside the U.S. setting is to be further replicated. This study aimed at cultural adaptation of...
article 2018
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Blankvoort, B.M.G. (author), Aarts, J.M.M.J.G. (author), Schilt, R. (author), Geerdink, P. (author), Spenkelink, B. (author), Rodenburg, R.J.T. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Despite a ban by the European Union, the use of anabolic steroids and repartitioning agents in cattle is still occasionally observed. Due to continuing improvements in analytical techniques, very low detection limits for individual compounds have been achieved. In response to these developments, cocktails composed of several steroids have been...
article 2003
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