Searched for: subject%3A%22risk%255C%2Bfactor%22
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Koppes, L.L.J. (author), Boon, N. (author), Nooyens, A.C.J. (author), van Mechelen, W. (author), Saris, W.H.M. (author)
The distribution of the four macronutrients is associated with energy intake and body fatness according to short-term interventions. The present study involves macronutrient distribution in relation to energy intake and body fatness over a period of 23 years in individuals who have ad libitum access to food. Eight follow-up measurements have...
article 2009
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Flinsenberg, T.W.H. (author), Ruys, J.H. (author), Engelberts, A.C. (author), van Velzen-Mol, H.W.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
There are new insights into the pathogenesis of cot death ('sudden infant death syndrome'; SIDS). - Based on these new insights, the Dutch Paediatric Association and the Dutch Child and Youth Health Care Physicians have drawn up a new guideline 'Prevention of cot death', which replaces the consensus statement of 1996. The 2 major differences...
article 2008
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Amelink-Verburg, M.P. (author), Buitendijk, S.E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
article 2008
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Wijlhuizen, G.J. (author), Chorus, A.M.J. (author), Hopman-Rock, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: In their letters to the editor, Lacherez et al. [Lacherez, P.F., Wood, J.M., Kerr, G.K., 2007. Does activity level mediate or suppress the association between fear of falling and falls? Prev. Med. 31; (Electronic publication ahead of print)] and Hafeman and Schwartz [Hafeman, D., Schwartz, S., 2007. Assessing mediation: The necessity...
article 2008
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de Ruiter, M.C. (author), Alkemade, F.E. (author), de Gittenberger - Groot, A.C. (author), Poelmann, R.E. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In this review, we briefly summarize the possible signals crossing the placental barrier and discuss the molecular mechanisms of epigenetic programming in the developing fetus leading to increased athero-susceptibility of the vessel wall. © 2008 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
article 2008
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Beelen, R. (author), Hoek, G. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Fischer, P. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), Jerrett, M. (author), Hughes, E. (author), Armstrong, B. (author), Brunekreef, B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Several studies have found an effect on mortality of between-city contrasts in long-term exposure to air pollution. The effect of within-city contrasts is still poorly understood. Objectives: We studied the association between long-term exposure to traffic-related air pollution and mortality in a Dutch cohort. Methods: We used data...
article 2008
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Smits, K.M. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), van Dijk, B.A.C. (author), van Houwelingen, K. (author), van de Hulsbergen-Kaa, C.A. (author), Kiemeney, L.A.L.M. (author), van Houwelingen, K. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Oosterwijk, E. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Metabolic gene polymorphisms have previously been suggested as risk factors for renal cell carcinoma (RCC). These polymorphisms are involved in activation or detoxification of carcinogens in cigarette smoke which is another RCC risk factor. We evaluated gene-environment interactions between CYP1A1, GSTμ1 and smoking in a large population-based...
article 2008
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Weijenberg, M.P. (author), Mullie, P.F.F. (author), Brants, H.A.M. (author), Heinen, M.M. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
Since hyperinsulinemia is implicated in the development of colorectal cancer, determinants of serum insulin levels, like the glycemic load and the glycemic index of the diet, could influence cancer risk. Our objective was to evaluate whether a diet with a high glycemic load or glycemic index is associated with increased colorectal cancer risk....
article 2008
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Bongaerts, B.W.C. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), de Goeij, A.F.P.M. (author), Weijenberg, M.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Within the Netherlands Cohort Study on diet and cancer, we investigated associations between total alcohol consumption, specific alcoholic beverage consumption and risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) according to anatomical subsite. Hazard Ratios (HR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using Cox proportional hazards models. Analyses...
article 2008
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Zaadstra, B.M. (author), Chorus, A.M.J. (author), van Buuren, S. (author), Kalsbeek, H. (author), van Noort, J.M. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), DenV KvL (author)
Previous studies have suggested an association between multiple sclerosis (MS) and infectious mononucleosis (IM) but data on the exact strength of this association or its selectivity have been conflicting. In this study we have evaluated the association between MS and a variety of common childhood infections and afflictions in a large population...
article 2008
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de Vogel, S. (author), Dindore, V. (author), van Engeland, M. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Weijenberg, M.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Adequate intake of folate, methionine, riboflavin, and vitamin B-6 may prevent aberrant DNA methylation and thereby protect against colorectal cancer (CRC). However, previous epidemiological studies investigating associations between dietary intakes of these nutrients and CRC have been inconsistent. We investigated the associations between...
article 2008
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Alizadeh Dehnavi, R. (author), Beishuizen, E.D. (author), van de Ree, M.A. (author), Le Cessie, S. (author), Huisman, M.V. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Tamsma, J.T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: The burden of cardiovascular disease in diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) patients is variable. We hypothesize that metabolic syndrome (MS) and low-grade systemic inflammation modify the extent of atherosclerosis in DM2. Methods: Vascular phenotype was determined using the following endothelium-related, hemostatic, and sonographic...
article 2008
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Eijkemans, M. (author), Mommers, M. (author), de Vries, S.I. (author), van Buuren, S. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), Bakker, I. (author), Thijs, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVE. Prevalence of asthma and overweight has increased simultaneously during the past decades. Several studies have reported an association between these two health problems, but it is unclear whether this relation is causal. We hypothesize that children with asthmatic symptoms are less physically active, which may contribute to the...
article 2008
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Fransman, W. (author), Schinkel, J. (author), Meijster, T. (author), van Hemmen, J. (author), Tielemans, E. (author), Goede, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objectives: This paper describes the development and evaluation of an evidence database on the effectiveness of risk management measures (RMMs) to control inhalation exposure. This database is referred to as Exposure Control Efficacy Library (ECEL). Methods: A comprehensive review of scientific journals in the occupational hygiene field was...
article 2008
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Schreijer, A.J.M. (author), Cannegieter, S.C. (author), Caramella, M. (author), Meijers, J.C.M. (author), Krediet, R.T. (author), Simons, M. (author), Rosendaal, F.R. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
The mechanism of air travel-related venous thrombosis is unclear. Although immobility plays a pivotal role, other factors such as fluid loss may contribute. We investigated whether fluid loss occurred more in individuals with coagulation activation after air travel than in subjects without. As a secondary aim, we investigated whether fluid loss...
article 2008
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Schouten, L.J. (author), van Dijk, B.A.C. (author), Oosterwijk, E. (author), van Engeland, M. (author), van de Hulsbergen-Kaa, C.A. (author), Kiemeney, L.A.L.M. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Kester, A. (author), de Vogel, S. (author), Schalken, J.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Alcohol consumption has been associated with a decreased risk for renal cell cancer in several studies. We investigated whether alcohol is associated with (epi)genetic changes of the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) gene in renal cell cancer. The Netherlands Cohort Study (NLCS) on Diet and Cancer started in 1986 (n = 120,852) and uses the case-cohort...
article 2008
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Beulens, J.W.J. (author), Rimm, E.B. (author), Hu, F.B. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Mukamal, K.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVE - The purpose of this study was to investigate whether adiponectin concentrations and biomarkers of inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, and insulin resistance mediate the association between alcohol consumption and diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - In a nested case-control study of 705 women with incident diabetes and 787...
article 2008
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Hogervorst, J.G. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), Konings, E.J. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Acrylamide, a probable human carcinogen, was recently detected in various heat-treated carbohydrate-rich foods. Epidemiologic studies on the relation with cancer have been few and largely negative. Objective: We aimed to prospectively examine the association between dietary acrylamide intake and renal cell, bladder, and prostate...
article 2008
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Meijster, T. (author), Tielemans, E. (author), Schinkel, J. (author), Heederik, D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objectives: To effectively decrease occupational exposure to flour dust and related allergens, detailed information on exposure determinants and effectiveness of control measures is essential. In this paper, we use personal real-time exposure measurements to get more insight into the relationship between specific work characteristics, including...
article 2008
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de Pal van der-Bruin, K.M. (author), le Cessie, S. (author), Elsinga, J. (author), Jong de-Potjer, L.C. (author), van Haeringen, A. (author), Knuistingh Neven, A. (author), Verloove-Vanhorick, S.P. (author), Assendelft, P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The outcome of pregnancy can be influenced by several risk factors. Women who are informed about these risks during pre-conception counselling (PCC) have an opportunity to take preventive measures in time. Several studies have shown that high-risk populations have a high prevalence of such risk factors. However, prevalence in the general...
article 2008
Searched for: subject%3A%22risk%255C%2Bfactor%22
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