Searched for: subject:"respiratory%5C+system"
(1 - 20 of 31)

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Koivisto, A.J. (author), Kling, K.I. (author), Fonseca, A.S. (author), Brostrøm Bluhme, A. (author), Moreman, M. (author), Yu, M. (author), Costa, A.L. (author), Giovanni, B. (author), Ortelli, S. (author), Fransman, W. (author), Vogel, U. (author), Jensen, K.A. (author)
Nanoscale TiO2 (nTiO2) is manufactured in high volumes and is of potential concern in occupational health. Here, we measured workers exposure levels while ceramic honeycombs were dip coated with liquid photoactive nanoparticle suspension and dried with an air blade. The measured nTiO2 concentration levels were used to assess process specific...
article 2018
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Jacobs, J.H. (author), Fuertes, E. (author), Krop, E.J.M. (author), Spithoven, J. (author), Tromp, P. (author), Heederik, D.J.J. (author)
Objectives: To describe associations among swimming, respiratory health, allergen sensitisation and Clara cell protein 16 (CC16) levels in Dutch schoolchildren. Trichloramine levels in swimming pool air were determined to assess potential exposure levels. Methods: Respiratory health and pool attendance information was collected from 2359...
article 2012
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van Triel, J.J. (author), Arts, J.H. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Previously, the contact allergen dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB) was identified as a sensitizer by inhalation in BALB/c mice; in addition, DNCB induced a lymphocytic infiltrate in the larynx of dermally sensitized Th1-prone Wistar rats upon a single inhalation challenge. In the present study, repeated inhalation exposures to DNCB were investigated...
article 2010
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), de Jong, W.H. (author), van Triel, J.J. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), de Klerk, A. (author), van Loveren, H. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The local lymph node assay (LLNA) is used to test the potential of low molecular weight (LMW) compounds to induce sensitization via the skin. In the present study, a respiratory LLNA was developed. Male BALB/c mice were exposed head/nose-only during three consecutive days for 45, 90, 180, or 360 min/day to various LMW allergens. Ear application ...
article 2008
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), de Heer, C. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven TNO Voeding (author)
Objectives: Chemosensory effects of stimulation by a chemical can either be irritating (trigeminal stimulation) or odorous (olfactory stimulation) or both. For odorous irritants, a clear-cut distinction between odour and irritation is difficult to make. The differences in the lowest concentration found to be irritating to the respiratory tract...
article 2006
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Although a number of test protocols have been developed to predict respiratory allergenic potential, none of these are widely applied or fully accepted. However, given the serious health problems caused by respiratory allergy and the ever-increasing stream of new chemicals into workplaces, early identification of chemical respiratory allergens...
article 2003
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Rennen, M.A.J. (author), Nordheim, K. (author), Houben, G.F. (author), de Heer, C. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
Health risks resulting from occupational exposure to chemicals are controlled by the establishment of acceptable dermal and respiratory exposure levels. Due to a lack of route-specific toxicity data, acceptable levels are frequently established by means of route-to-route extrapolation. A pitfall in route-to-route extrapolation is the occurrence...
article 2002
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Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), Roggeband, R. (author), van Moorsel, C.J.A. (author), Baan, R.A. (author), Koeman, J.H. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), Rutten, A.A.J.J.L. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Although most studies concerning the effect of vitamin A and β-carotene on chemical carcinogenesis are focused on tumour promotion and progression, these compounds may affect initiation as well. In this study the influence of vitamin A and β-carotene on unscheduled DNA synthesis (UDS) was investigated in hamster tracheal epithelium in organ...
article 1995
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van Rongen, E. (author), Tan, C. (author), Zurcher, C. (author), Radiobiologisch Instituut TNO (author)
article 1986
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Varekamp, A.E. (author), de Vries, A.J. (author), Hagenbeek, A. (author), Radiobiologisch Instituut TNO (author)
Interstitial pneumonitis (IP) is one of the major complications after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (incidence: 30 to 50%, fatality rate: 50 to 60%). Cytomegalovirus is associated with 60% of the cases. When no infectious agent can be detected, it is classified as idiopathic IP (IIP). Factors related to IIP are: remission induction...
article 1986
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van Graft, M. (author), Spit, B.J. (author), Immel, H.R. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en voeding TNO (author)
In a one-year serial sacrifice study 10 mg glass fibres (length, 95% ?? 20 ??m, 89% ?? 12 ??m, 58% ?? 5 ??m and 25% ?? 2 ??m; diameter, 88% ?? 1.0 ??m, 60% ?? 0.5 ??m and 31% ??0.25 ??m) suspended in 0.2 ml saline solution were administered to Syrian golden hamsters by a single intratracheal instillation to determine the clearance of the glass...
article 1986
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Zwart, A. (author), Luijendijk, S.C.M. (author), de Vries, W.R. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en voeding TNO (author)
article 1986
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Appelman, L.M. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), Hooftman, R.N. (author), Notten, W.R.F. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The effects of exposure pattern on the toxicity of acetaldehyde vapour were investigated in 4-week inhalation studies. Male rats were exposed to 500 or 150 and 110 ppm for 6 h per day/5 days per week. One group of animals was exposed without interruption, the exposure of a second group was interrupted for 1.5 h between the first and second 3-h...
article 1986
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Reynders, J.B.J. (author), Immel, H.R. (author), Scherrenberg, P.M. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), Beems, R.B. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en voeding TNO (author)
Two groups of male and female Syrian golden hamsters, of which the trachea was severely injured by electrocoagulation, received 6 weekly intratracheal instillations of benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) + ferric oxide in saline or saline alone. Two comparable groups of hamsters were similarly treated but had an undamaged trachea. The experiment was terminated...
article 1985
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Feron, V.J. (author), Scherrenberg, P.M. (author), Immel, H.R. (author), Spit, B.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Syrian golden hamsters were given intratracheal instillations of glass fibres with or without benzo[a]pyrene suspended in saline, once a fortnight for 52 weeks. The experiment was terminated at week 85. 'Silicotic granulomas' consisting of tightly packed, iron-positive macrophages filled with glass fibres and surrounded by a layer of alveolar...
article 1985
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Kooijman, S.A.L.M. (author), Metz, J.A.J. (author), Hoofdgroep Maatschappelijke Technologie TNO Centraal Laboratorium TNO (author)
article 1984
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Feron, V.J. (author), Immel, H.R. (author), Spit, B.J. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
The trachea of Syrian golden hamsters was injured by electrocoagulation. The lesions induced as well as the repair process were studied by light and scanning electron microscopy. The changes observed were considered to create the proper conditions for studying the significance of severe focal damage to the respiratory tract for the formation of...
article 1984
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Beems, R.B. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
Chemicals/CAS: benzo[a]pyrene, 50-32-8; retinol, 68-26-8, 82445-97-4; Benzo(a)pyrene, 50-32-8; Benzopyrenes; Vitamin A, 11103-57-4
article 1984
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Reuzel, P.G.J. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), Spit, B.J. (author), Beems, R.B. (author), Kroes, R. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en voeding TNO (author)
Cofactors involved in respiratory tract carcinogenesis were studied in Syrian golden hamster or in rats using benzo(a)pyrene as the carcinogenic agent. These factors included severe tissue tissue damage induced by electro-coagulation, glass fibers administered by intratracheal instillation, acetaldehyde as irritant vapor, food restriction, and...
article 1983
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Bragt, P.C. (author), van Dura, E.A. (author), Medisch Biologisch Laboratorium TNO (author)
The kinetics of chromium in the rat after a single intratracheal dose of sodium, zinc or lead 51Cr-chromate have been investigated. Sodium chromate and the less soluble zinc chromate were absorbed into the blood and this resulted in increased excretion of chromium into the urine. The insoluble lead chromate was poorly absorbed from the lungs....
article 1983
Searched for: subject:"respiratory%5C+system"
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