Searched for: subject%3A%22lung%255C%2Balveolus%22
(1 - 13 of 13)
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Koivisto, A.J. (author), Kling, K.I. (author), Fonseca, A.S. (author), Brostrøm Bluhme, A. (author), Moreman, M. (author), Yu, M. (author), Costa, A.L. (author), Giovanni, B. (author), Ortelli, S. (author), Fransman, W. (author), Vogel, U. (author), Jensen, K.A. (author)
Nanoscale TiO2 (nTiO2) is manufactured in high volumes and is of potential concern in occupational health. Here, we measured workers exposure levels while ceramic honeycombs were dip coated with liquid photoactive nanoparticle suspension and dried with an air blade. The measured nTiO2 concentration levels were used to assess process specific...
article 2018
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Hissink, A.M. (author), Krüse, J. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), Verwei, M. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Salmon, F. (author), Leenheers, L.H. (author), Owen, D.E. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), McKee, R.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
As part of a project designed to develop a framework for extrapolating acute central nervous system (CNS) effects of hydrocarbon solvents in animals to humans, experimental studies were conducted in rats and human volunteers in which acute CNS effects were measured and toxicokinetic data were collected. A complex hydrocarbon solvent, white...
article 2007
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Valstar, D.L. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), Nijkamp, F.P. (author), Storm, G. (author), Bloksma, N. (author), Henricks, P.A.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Occupational exposure to low molecular weight chemicals, like trimellitic anhydride (TMA), can result in occupational asthma. Alveolar macrophages (AMs) are among the first cells to encounter these inhaled compounds and were previously shown to affect TMA-induced asthma-like symptoms in the Brown Norway rat (Valstar et al., Toxicol. Appl....
article 2006
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Verhaagh, S. (author), de Jong, E. (author), Goudsmit, J. (author), Lecollinet, S. (author), Gillissen, G. (author), de Vries, M. (author), van Leuven, K. (author), Que, I. (author), Ouwehand, K. (author), Mintardjo, R. (author), Weverling, G.J. (author), Radošević, K. (author), Richardson, J. (author), Eloit, M. (author), Lowik, C. (author), Quax, P. (author), Havenga, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Wild-type strains of mice do not express CD46, a high-affinity receptor for human group B adenoviruses including type 35. Therefore, studies performed to date in mice using replication-incompetent Ad35 (rAd35) vaccine carriers may underestimate potency or result in altered vector distribution. Here, it is reported that CD46 transgenic mice (MYII...
article 2006
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Valstar, D.L. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Nijkamp, F.P. (author), Storm, G. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), Bloksma, N. (author), Henricks, P.A.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Occupational exposure to low molecular weight chemicals, like trimellitic anhydride (TMA), can result in occupational asthma. Alveolar macrophages (AMs) are among the first cells to encounter inhaled compounds. These cells can produce many different mediators that have a putative role in asthma. In this study, we examined the role of AMs in lung...
article 2006
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Ploemen, J.P.H.T.M. (author), Kelder, J. (author), Hafmans, T. (author), van de Sandt, H. (author), van Burgsteden, J.A. (author), Salemink, P.J.M. (author), van Esch, E. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Several cationic amphiphilic compounds are known to induce phospholipidosis, a condition primarily characterized by excessive accumulation of phospholipids in different cell types, giving the affected cells a finely foamy appearance. Excessive storage of lamellar membranous intralysosomal inclusion bodies is the hallmark for phospholipidosis on...
article 2004
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van Ommen, B. (author), de Bie, A.T.H.J. (author), Bär, A. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The absorption, disposition, metabolism, and excretion of uniformly 14C-labeled α-cyclodextrin (14C-α-CD) was examined in four separate experiments with Wistar rats. In Experiment 1, 14C-α-CD (25μCi, 50mg/kg bw) was administered intravenously to four male and four female conventional rats. In Experiment 2, 14C-α-CD (25μCi, 200mg/kg bw) was given...
article 2004
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van Helden, H.P.M. (author), van de Meent, D. (author), Oostdijk, J.P. (author), Joosen, M.J.A. (author), van Esch, J.H.M. (author), Hammer, A.H. (author), Diemel, R.V. (author)
Airborne exposure to lung-toxic agents may damage the lung surfactant system and epithelial and endothelial cells, resulting in a life-threatening pulmonary edema that is known to be refractory to treatment. The aim of this study was to investigate in rats (1) the respiratory injury caused by nose-only exposure to perfluoroisobutene (PFIB), and ...
article 2004
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TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author), Vernooy, J.H.J. (author), Lindeman, J.H.N. (author), Jacobs, J.A. (author), Hanemaaijer, R. (author), Wouters, E.F.M. (author)
Background: The increased expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) is considered to be a key factor in the development of COPD. Net MMP activity represents a tightly regulated process, which is not addressed by conventional investigation methods such as messenger RNA or protein expression. Yet, quantitative data on MMP activity in the...
article 2004
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Reichl, F.X. (author), Walther, U.I. (author), Durner, J. (author), Kehe, K. (author), Hickel, R. (author), Kunzelmann, K.H. (author), Spahl, W. (author), Hume, W.R. (author), Benschop, H.P. (author), Forth, W. (author)
Objective: The effect of dental composite components triethyleneglycoldimethacrylate (TEGDMA) and hydroxyethylmethacrylate (HEMA), as well as mercuric chloride (HgCl2) and methylmercury chloride (MeHgCl) was investigated on the release of lactatedehydrogenase (LDH) from alveolar epithelial lung cell lines in vitro. Methods: The confluent cell...
article 2001
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Izeboud, C.A. (author), Monshouwer, M. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), van Miert, A.S.J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
During infection and inflammation drug disposition and hepatic metabolism are markedly affected in mammals. Pro-inflammatory mediators play an important role in the suppression of (cytochrome-P450-mediated) drug metabolism. Inflammatory mediators like cytokines, nitric oxide (NO), reactive oxygen species (ROS) and eicosanoids are released by...
article 2000
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Hooftman, R.N. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), Appelman, L.M. (author), Hoofdgroep Maatschappelijke Technologie TNO (author)
The sensitivity of different parameters for the determination of lung injury caused by nitrogen dioxide (NO2) was investigated. Male rats were exposed to concentrations of 0, 4, 10 or 25 ppm NO2 for 6 h/day, for 7, 14 or 21 days. Histopathology of the nasal cavity, larynx, trachea and lungs was compared with the changes in macrophage function...
article 1988
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Appelman, L.M. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), Hooftman, R.N. (author), Notten, W.R.F. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The effects of exposure pattern on the toxicity of acetaldehyde vapour were investigated in 4-week inhalation studies. Male rats were exposed to 500 or 150 and 110 ppm for 6 h per day/5 days per week. One group of animals was exposed without interruption, the exposure of a second group was interrupted for 1.5 h between the first and second 3-h...
article 1986
Searched for: subject%3A%22lung%255C%2Balveolus%22
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