Searched for: subject:"lactose"
(1 - 19 of 19)
document
Akhnikh, S. (author), Engelberts, A.C. (author), van Sleuwen, B.E. (author), L’ Hoir, M.P. (author), Benninga, M.A. (author)
Excessive crying, often described as infantile colic, is the cause of 10% to 20% of all early pediatrician visits of infants aged 2 weeks to 3 months. Although usually benign and selflimiting, excessive crying is associated with parental exhaustion and stress. However, and underlying organic cause is found in less than 5% of these infants. In...
article 2014
document
Karaffa, L. (author), Coulier, L. (author), Fekete, E. (author), Overkamp, K.M. (author), Druzhinina, I.S. (author), Mikus, M. (author), Seiboth, B. (author), Novák, L. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), Kubicek, C.P. (author)
Lactose (1,4-0-β-d-galactopyranosyl-d-glucose) is used as a soluble carbon source for the production of cellulases and hemicellulases for - among other purposes - use in biofuel and biorefinery industries. The mechanism how lactose induces cellulase formation in T. reesei is enigmatic, however. Previous results from our laboratory raised the...
article 2013
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He, T. (author), Venema, K. (author), Priebe, M.G. (author), Welling, G.W. (author), Brummer, R.J.M. (author), Vonk, R.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
Lactose maldigestion and intolerance affect a large part of the world population. The underlying factors of lactose intolerance are not fully understood. In this review, the role of colonic metabolism is discussed, i.e. fermentation of lactose by the colonic microbiota, colonic processing of the fermentation metabolites and how these processes...
article 2008
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Genkinger, J.M. (author), Hunter, D.J. (author), Spiegelman, D. (author), Anderson, K.E. (author), Arslan, A. (author), Beeson, W.L. (author), Buring, J.E. (author), Fraser, G.E. (author), Freudenheim, J.L. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Hankinson, S.E. (author), Jacobs Jr., D.R. (author), Koushik, A. (author), Lacey Jr., J.V. (author), Larsson, S.C. (author), Leitzmann, M. (author), McCullough, M.L. (author), Miller, A.B. (author), Rodriguez, C. (author), Rohan, T.E. (author), Scheuten, L.J. (author), Shore, R. (author), Smit, E. (author), Wolk, A. (author), Zhang, S.M. (author), Smith-Warner, S.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Dairy foods and their constituents (lactose and calcium) have been hypothesized to promote ovarian carcinogenesis. Although case-control studies have reported conflicting results for dairy foods and lactose, several cohort studies have shown positive associations between skim milk, lactose, and ovarian cancer. Methods: A pooled...
article 2006
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Mommers, M. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Ovary cancer risk in relation to consumption of dairy products was investigated using a self-administered questionnaire on dietary habits and other risk factors for cancer, which was completed in 1986 by 62 573 postmenopausal women participating in the Netherlands Cohort Study. Follow-up for cancer was implemented by annual record linkage with...
article 2006
document
Waalkens-Berendsen, D.H. (author), Smits-Van Prooije, A.E. (author), Bär, A. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
In a standard embryotoxicity/teratogenicity study, α-cyclodextrin (α-CD) was administered to groups of sixteen, artificially inseminated New Zealand White rabbits at dietary concentrations of 0, 5, 10, or 20%. An additional group received a diet containing 20% lactose. Treatment started on day 0 of gestation and ended on day 29 when the animals...
article 2004
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Waalkens-Berendsen, D.H. (author), Bär, A. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The embryotoxicity/teratogenicity of α-cyclodextrin (α-CD) was examined in Wistar Crl:(WI)WU BR rats. α-CD was fed at dietary concentrations of 0, 1.5, 5, 10, or 20% to groups of 25 pregnant female rats from day 0 to 21 of gestation. An additional group received a diet with 20% lactose. The additions to the diet of α-CD and lactose were made at...
article 2004
document
Olthof, M.R. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Boelsma, E. (author), Verhoef, P. (author)
High plasma homocysteine is a risk for cardiovascular disease and can be lowered through supplementation with 6 g/d of betaine. However, dietary intake of betaine is ∼0.5-2 g/d. Therefore, we investigated whether betaine supplementation in the range of dietary intake lowers plasma homocysteine concentrations in healthy adults. Four groups of 19...
article 2003
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Vente-Spreeuwenberg, M.A.M. (author), Verdonk, J.M.A.J. (author), Verstegen, M.W.A. (author), Beynen, A.C. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The present study was designed to evaluate the differential effects of dietary glucose, lactose and starch on small-intestinal morphology, organ weights, pH of chyme and haptoglobin levels in blood plasma of weaned piglets. It was hypothesised that lactose consumption would ameliorate the weaning-induced decrease in gut integrity. A total of...
article 2003
document
Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author), Spreeuwenberg, M.A.M. (author), Verdonk, J.M.A.J. (author), Gaskins, H.R. (author), Verstegen, M.W.A. (author)
Compromising alterations in gastrointestinal architecture are common during the weaning transition of pigs. The relation between villous atrophy and epithelial barrier function at weaning is not well understood. This study evaluated in vitro transepithelial transport by Ussing metabolic chambers, local alterations in T-cell subsets and villous...
article 2001
document
van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Weidauer, T. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The current trends in healthy eating will increase levels of bulk- forming material in the diet, such as dietary fibre and other plant foods. Depending on the complex forming of such material the availability of absorbable calcium and other minerals may be impaired. It seems that non- digestible carbohydrates can inverse this effect. Major...
article 1999
document
Til, H.P. (author), Bär, A. (author)
The oral toxicity of γ-cyclodextrin (γ- CD) was examined in a 13-week feeding study in which four groups of four male and four female Beagle dogs received γ-CD in the diet at concentrations of 0 (control), 5, 10, or 20%. No treatment-related changes were noted in behavior or appearance of the dogs and no mortalities occurred. Transient diarrhea...
article 1998
document
Waalkens-Berendsen, D.H. (author), Smits-van Prooije, A.E. (author), Bär, A. (author)
In a standard embryotoxicity/teratogenicity study, γ-cyclodextrin (γ-CD) was administered to groups of 16, artificially inseminated New Zealand White rabbits at dietary concentrations of 0, 5, 10, or 20%. A comparison group received a diet containing 20% lactose. Treatment started on day 0 of gestation and ended on day 29 when the animals were...
article 1998
document
Lina, B.A.R. (author), Bär, A. (author)
The toxicity of γ-cyclodextrin (γ-CD), a cyclic polymer of eight α-1,4-linked glucopyranosyl units with potential applications as a food ingredient, was examined in a 2-week pilot study followed by a 13-week oral toxicity study in Wistar rats. In the 2-week study, the test substance was administered to groups of 5 male rats at dietary levels of...
article 1998
document
Waalkens-Berendsen, D.H. (author), Verhagen, F.J.J. (author), Bär, A. (author)
The embryotoxicity/teratogenicity of γ-cyclodextrin (γ-CD) was examined in Wistar Crl:(WI)WU BR rats. γ-CD was fed at dietary concentrations of 0, 1.5, 5, 10, and 20% to groups of 25 pregnant female rats from day 0 to 21 of gestation. A comparison group received a diet with 20% lactose. The additions to the diet of γ-CD and lactose were made at...
article 1998
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Mientjes, E.J. (author), Hochleitner, K. (author), Luiten-Schuite, A. (author), van Delft, J.H.M. (author), Thomale, J. (author), Berends, F. (author), Rajewsky, M.F. (author), Lohman, P.H.M. (author), Baan, R.A. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
LacZ transgenic mice are suitable for short-term mutagenicity studies in vivo. Mutagenicity in these mice is determined in the lacZ transgene. Since the lacZ gene is of bacterial origin the question has been raised whether DNA-adduct formation and repair in the transgene are comparable to those in total genomic DNA. Mice were treated with N...
article 1996
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van Oers, M.M. (author), Malarme, D. (author), Jore, J.P.M. (author), Vlak, J.M. (author), Medisch Biologisch Laboratorium TNO (author)
Two major late proteins, polyhedrin and p10, are synthesized in large quantities in baculovirus infected insect cells. This and the fact that both proteins are dispensable for virus replication, form the basis for the use of these viruses as vector for foreign gene expression. To address the question whether the Autographa californica nuclear...
article 1992
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Til, H.P. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), Immel, H.R. (author), Vogel, W.F. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en voeding TNO (author)
article 1986
document
Pouwels, P.H. (author), Scholten, H.J. (author), Medisch Biologisch Laboratorium TNO (author)
Chemicals/CAS: tryptophan, 6912-86-3, 73-22-3; Anthranilate Synthase, EC 4.1.3.27; Lactose, 63-42-3; RNA, Bacterial; RNA, Messenger; Tryptophan Synthase, EC 4.2.1.20; Tryptophan, 73-22-3
article 1979
Searched for: subject:"lactose"
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