Searched for: subject:"isotope"
(1 - 15 of 15)
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Raaphorst, R.M. (author), Savolainen, H. (author), Cantore, M. (author), van de Steeg, E. (author), van Waarde, A. (author), Colabufo, N.A. (author), Elsinga, P.H. (author), Lammertsma, A.A. (author), Windhorst, A.D. (author), Luurtsema, G. (author)
Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in the blood-brain barrier can be important in neurological diseases where P-gp is affected, such as Alzheimer’s disease. Radiotracers used in the imaging studies are present at very small, nanomolar, concentration, whereas in vitro assays where these tracers are characterized,...
article 2017
document
van Uhm, J.I.M. (author), Visser, G.W.M. (author), van der Schans, M.J. (author), Geldof, A.A. (author), Meuleman, E.J.H. (author), Nieuwenhuijzen, J.A. (author)
Background: Botulinum neurotoxin A (BoNT-A) is a highly neurotoxic drug and frequently used in patients. Knowledge on the optimal way of administration of BoNT-A and its subsequent distribution is still rather limited. An accurate method for monitoring these processes might be the use of radiolabelled BoNT-A. In this paper, we report our...
article 2015
document
Vos, P. (author), Intema, F. (author), van El, B. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Bijlsma, J.W.J. (author), Lafeber, F. (author), Mastbergen, S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Many animal models are used to study osteoarthritis (OA). In these models the role of joint loading in the development of OA is not fully understood. We studied the effect of loading on the development of OA in the canine Groove-model. In ten female beagle dogs OA was induced in one knee according to the Groove-model. The animals were divided in...
article 2009
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Goudriaan, J.R. (author), den oer, M.A.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Febbraio, M. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
CD36 is involved in high-affinity peripheral FFA uptake. CD36-deficient (cd36-/-) mice exhibit increased plasma FFA and triglyceride (TG) levels. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the cause of the increased plasma TG levels in cd36-/- mice. cd36-/- mice showed no differences in hepatic VLDL-TG production or intestinal [3H]TG uptake...
article 2005
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Heijboer, A.C. (author), van den Hoek, A.M. (author), Pijl, H. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Corssmit, E.P.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Aims/hypothesis: The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of central administration of melanotan II (MTII), a melanocortin-3/4 receptor agonist, on hepatic and whole-body insulin sensitivity, independent of food intake and body weight. Methods: Over a period of 24 h, 225 ng of MTII was injected in three aliquots into the left...
article 2005
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van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Elliott, G.R. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Hakkert, B.C. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
In vitro and in vivo skin absorption of the pesticide propoxur (2-isopropoxyphenyl N-methyl carbamate, commercially Baygon(TM) and Unden(TM); log Po/w 1.56, MW 209.2) was investigated. In vivo studies were performed in rats and human volunteers, applying the test compound to the dorsal skin and the volar aspect of the forearm, respectively. In...
article 2000
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van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Schoterman, M.H.C. (author), Muijs, T. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether a product rich in transgalactooligosaccharides (TOS, Elix'or) stimulates true Ca absorption in postmenopausal women. The study was a double-blind, randomized crossover study, consisting of two 9-d treatment periods separated by a 19-d washout period. During the treatment periods, 12 subjects drank...
article 2000
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de Bie, A.T.H.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Bär, A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The absorption, disposition, metabolism, and excretion of 14C-labeled γ-cyclodextrin ([14C]γ-CD) was examined in four separate experiments with Wistar rats. In experiment 1, [14C]γ-CD (25 μCi, 600 mg/kg body wt) was administered intravenously to four male and four female conventional rats. In experiment 2, [14C]γ- CD (25 μCi, 1000 mg/kg body wt)...
article 1998
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van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Muys, T. (author), Pellegrom, H. (author), Bruyntjes, J.P. (author), van Dokkum, W. (author), Spanhaak, S. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Iron absorption can be measured by the incorporation of stable iron isotopes into erythrocytes, 14 days after isotope administration. The disadvantage of this method is the high dose of isotopes needed to obtain a sufficient enrichment. Therefore, in this study cell fractions rich in young erythroid cells were prepared by using a density...
article 1998
document
Schalkwijk, C.G. (author), Vermeer, M.A. (author), Stehouwer, C.D.A. (author), te Koppele, J. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), van Hinsbergh, V.W.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
In patients with diabetes, non-enzymatic glycation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) has been suggested to be involved in the development of atherosclerosis. α-Dicarbonyl compounds were identified as intermediates in the non-enzymatic glycation and increased levels were reported in patients with diabetes. We studied the effect of the α-dicarbonyl...
article 1998
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Schaafsma, G. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Chemicals/CAS: Calcium, 7440-70-2; Magnesium, 7439-95-4
article 1997
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Lansink, M. (author), van Bennekum, A.M. (author), Blaner, W.S. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Retinoic acid stimulates the expression of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) in vascular endothelial cells in vitro and enhances t-PA levels in plasma and tissues in vivo. Compared with the in vivo situation, high retinoic acid concentrations are required to induce optimally t-PA expression in vitro. These findings led us to study...
article 1997
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van den Berg, H. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
article 1997
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Lombardi, P. (author), Mulder, M. (author), de Wit, E. (author), van Berkel, T.J.C. (author), Frants, R.R. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Instituut voor verouderings- en vaatziekten onderzoek TNO (author)
In previous studies we have shown that in HepG2 cells, as compared with fibroblasts, the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor is only weakly down-regulated upon incubation of the cells with LDL. To explain this difference in down-regulation of the LDL-receptor activity, we studied simultaneously the intracellular processing of 125I-labelled...
article 1993
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Atsma, D.E. (author), Feitsma, R.I.J. (author), Camps, J. (author), van 't Hooft, F.M. (author), van der Wall, E.E. (author), Nieuwenhuizen, W. (author), Pauwels, E.K.J. (author), Gaubius Laboratory Instituut voor verouderings- en vaatziekten onderzoek TNO (author)
In this study we evaluated two different 99mTc-labeling techniques to produce 99mTc-low density lipoprotein (99mTc-LDL) suitable for the scintigraphic delineation of experimental atherosclerotic lesions. The two methods are 1) a procedure that uses stannous chloride and sodium borohydride (borohydride method) and 2) a procedure that uses sodium...
article 1993
Searched for: subject:"isotope"
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