Searched for: subject:"isotope"
(1 - 20 of 20)
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Raaphorst, R.M. (author), Savolainen, H. (author), Cantore, M. (author), van de Steeg, E. (author), van Waarde, A. (author), Colabufo, N.A. (author), Elsinga, P.H. (author), Lammertsma, A.A. (author), Windhorst, A.D. (author), Luurtsema, G. (author)
Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in the blood-brain barrier can be important in neurological diseases where P-gp is affected, such as Alzheimer’s disease. Radiotracers used in the imaging studies are present at very small, nanomolar, concentration, whereas in vitro assays where these tracers are characterized,...
article 2017
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Coulier, L. (author), Bradley, E.L. (author), Bas, R.C. (author), Verhoeckx, K.C.M. (author), Driffield, M. (author), Harmer, N. (author), Castle, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (BADGE) is an epoxide that is used as a starting substance in the manufacture of can coatings for food-contact applications. Following migration from the can coating into food, BADGE levels decay and new reaction products are formed by reaction with food ingredients. The significant decay of BADGE was demonstrated by...
article 2010
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Venema, K. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Purpose of review: To describe the recent developments and insights gained in the role played by the colonic microbiota in energy and carbohydrate metabolism related to obesity in humans. Recent findings: Previous findings that the ratio of Firmicutes and Bacteriodetes is important in energy harvesting and obesity have not been confirmed in...
article 2010
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de Graaf, A.A. (author), Maathuis, A. (author), de Waard, P. (author), Deutz, N.E.P. (author), Dijkema, C. (author), de Vos, W.M. (author), Venema, K. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This study introduces a stable-isotope metabolic approach employing [U-13C]glucose that, as a novelty, allows selective profiling of the human intestinal microbial metabolic products of carbohydrate food components, as well as the measurement of the kinetics of their formation pathways, in a single experiment. A well-established, validated in...
article 2010
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Kovatcheva-Datchary, P. (author), Egert, M. (author), Maathuis, A. (author), Rajilić-Stojanović, M. (author), de Graaf, A.A. (author), Smidt, H. (author), de Vos, W.M. (author), Venema, K. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Summary Carbohydrates, including starches, are an important energy source for humans, and are known for their interactions with the microbiota in the digestive tract. Largely, those interactions are thought to promote human health. Using 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA)-based stable isotope probing (SIP), we identified starch-fermenting bacteria under...
article 2009
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de Graaf, A.A. (author), Venema, K. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The importance of the human large intestine for nutrition, health, and disease, is becoming increasingly realized. There are numerous indications of a distinct role for the gut in such important issues as immune disorders and obesity-linked diseases. Research on this long-neglected organ, which is colonized by a myriad of bacteria, is a rapidly...
conference paper 2008
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Egert, M. (author), de Graaf, A.A. (author), Maathuis, A. (author), de Waard, P. (author), Plugge, C.M. (author), Smidt, H. (author), Deutz, N.E.P. (author), Dijkema, C. (author), de Vos, W.M. (author), Venema, K. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
16S rRNA-based stable isotope probing (SIP) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy-based metabolic profiling were used to identify bacteria fermenting glucose under conditions simulating the human intestine. The TIM-2 in vitro model of the human intestine was inoculated with a GI tract microbiota resembling that of the small intestine...
article 2007
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Heijboer, A.C. (author), van den Hoek, A.M. (author), Parlevliet, E.T. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Pijl, H. (author), Corssmit, E.P.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Aims/hypothesis: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of ghrelin on insulin's capacity to suppress endogenous glucose production and promote glucose disposal in mice. To establish whether the growth hormone secretagogue (GHS) receptor can mediate the putative effect of ghrelin on the action of insulin, we also determined the...
article 2006
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Goudriaan, J.R. (author), den oer, M.A.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Febbraio, M. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
CD36 is involved in high-affinity peripheral FFA uptake. CD36-deficient (cd36-/-) mice exhibit increased plasma FFA and triglyceride (TG) levels. The aim of the present study was to elucidate the cause of the increased plasma TG levels in cd36-/- mice. cd36-/- mice showed no differences in hepatic VLDL-TG production or intestinal [3H]TG uptake...
article 2005
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Heijboer, A.C. (author), van den Hoek, A.M. (author), Pijl, H. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Corssmit, E.P.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Aims/hypothesis: The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of central administration of melanotan II (MTII), a melanocortin-3/4 receptor agonist, on hepatic and whole-body insulin sensitivity, independent of food intake and body weight. Methods: Over a period of 24 h, 225 ng of MTII was injected in three aliquots into the left...
article 2005
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Heijboer, A.C. (author), Donga, E. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Dang, Z.C. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Corssmit, E.P.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Fasting readily induces hepatic steatosis. Hepatic steatosis is associated with hepatic insulin resistance. The purpose of the present study was to document the effects of 16 h of fasting in wild-type mice on insulin sensitivity in liver and skeletal muscle in relation to 1) tissue accumulation of triglycerides (TGs) and 2) changes in mRNA...
article 2005
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Ullmann, U. (author), Haller, J. (author), Bakker, G.C.M. (author), Brink, E.J. (author), Weber, P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A number of studies have shown that tea catechins can inhibit intestinal iron absorption, mostly iron in the nonhaem form. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 3-periods cross-over study examined the degree of inhibition of nonhaem iron absorption by pure crystalline epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG). The study was designed to show...
article 2005
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van Ommen, B. (author), de Bie, A.T.H.J. (author), Bär, A. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The absorption, disposition, metabolism, and excretion of uniformly 14C-labeled α-cyclodextrin (14C-α-CD) was examined in four separate experiments with Wistar rats. In Experiment 1, 14C-α-CD (25μCi, 50mg/kg bw) was administered intravenously to four male and four female conventional rats. In Experiment 2, 14C-α-CD (25μCi, 200mg/kg bw) was given...
article 2004
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van der Greef, J. (author), Stroobant, P. (author), van der Heijden, R. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Medical systems biology has generated widespread interest because of its bold conception and exciting potential, but the field is still in its infancy. Although there has been tremendous progress achieved recently in generating, integrating and analysing data in the medical and pharmaceutical field, many challenges remain, especially with...
article 2004
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Schalkwijk, C.G. (author), Vermeer, M.A. (author), Stehouwer, C.D.A. (author), te Koppele, J. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), van Hinsbergh, V.W.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
In patients with diabetes, non-enzymatic glycation of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) has been suggested to be involved in the development of atherosclerosis. α-Dicarbonyl compounds were identified as intermediates in the non-enzymatic glycation and increased levels were reported in patients with diabetes. We studied the effect of the α-dicarbonyl...
article 1998
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Leterme, P. (author), Théwis, A. (author), François, E. (author), van Leeuwen, P. (author), Wathelet, B. (author), Huisman, J. (author), Instituut voor Landbouwkundig Onderzoek en Biochemische Produkten TNO (author)
We assessed the use of 15N-labeled dietary proteins as a possible tool for the determination of the true ileal amino acid (AA) digestibility in pigs. The first experiment was designed to study the dietary N excretion pattern at the ileum subsequent to the ingestion of a single 15N-labeled meal. In a second experiment, we compared ileal...
article 1996
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Atsma, D.E. (author), Feitsma, R.I.J. (author), Camps, J. (author), van 't Hooft, F.M. (author), van der Wall, E.E. (author), Nieuwenhuizen, W. (author), Pauwels, E.K.J. (author), Gaubius Laboratory Instituut voor verouderings- en vaatziekten onderzoek TNO (author)
In this study we evaluated two different 99mTc-labeling techniques to produce 99mTc-low density lipoprotein (99mTc-LDL) suitable for the scintigraphic delineation of experimental atherosclerotic lesions. The two methods are 1) a procedure that uses stannous chloride and sodium borohydride (borohydride method) and 2) a procedure that uses sodium...
article 1993
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Atsma, D.E. (author), Kempen, H.J.M. (author), Nieuwenhuizen, W. (author), van 't Hooft, F.M. (author), Pauwels, E.K.J. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Four 99mTc and three 123I labeling methods were evaluated for their suitability to label low density lipoproteins (LDL) for the purpose of scintigraphic biodistribution studies. For 99mTc these methods were: direct incorporation in LDL of 99mTcO4- using sodium dithionite (dithionite method); a method using first N,N-dimethylformamide to prepare...
article 1991
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Bleichrodt, J.F. (author), Verheij, W.S.D. (author), Medisch Biologisch Laboratorium TNO (author)
Amber mutants of bacteriophage can be reverted by ionizing radiation to pseudo wild type particles, i.e. particles able to propagate in a suppressorless host. Since the DNA of phi X 174 is single stranded mutation cannot be due to errors in repair of radiation damage by the excision repair or by the recombination repair system of the host cell,...
article 1973
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van Erkelens, P.C. (author), Nationale raad voor landbouuwkundig onderzoek TNO (author)
doctoral thesis 1960
Searched for: subject:"isotope"
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