Searched for: subject:"isotope"
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document
Venema, K. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Purpose of review: To describe the recent developments and insights gained in the role played by the colonic microbiota in energy and carbohydrate metabolism related to obesity in humans. Recent findings: Previous findings that the ratio of Firmicutes and Bacteriodetes is important in energy harvesting and obesity have not been confirmed in...
article 2010
document
de Graaf, A.A. (author), Maathuis, A. (author), de Waard, P. (author), Deutz, N.E.P. (author), Dijkema, C. (author), de Vos, W.M. (author), Venema, K. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This study introduces a stable-isotope metabolic approach employing [U-13C]glucose that, as a novelty, allows selective profiling of the human intestinal microbial metabolic products of carbohydrate food components, as well as the measurement of the kinetics of their formation pathways, in a single experiment. A well-established, validated in...
article 2010
document
Kovatcheva-Datchary, P. (author), Egert, M. (author), Maathuis, A. (author), Rajilić-Stojanović, M. (author), de Graaf, A.A. (author), Smidt, H. (author), de Vos, W.M. (author), Venema, K. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Summary Carbohydrates, including starches, are an important energy source for humans, and are known for their interactions with the microbiota in the digestive tract. Largely, those interactions are thought to promote human health. Using 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA)-based stable isotope probing (SIP), we identified starch-fermenting bacteria under...
article 2009
document
de Graaf, A.A. (author), Venema, K. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The importance of the human large intestine for nutrition, health, and disease, is becoming increasingly realized. There are numerous indications of a distinct role for the gut in such important issues as immune disorders and obesity-linked diseases. Research on this long-neglected organ, which is colonized by a myriad of bacteria, is a rapidly...
conference paper 2008
document
Meesters, R.J.W. (author), van Eijk, H.M.H. (author), ten Have, G.A.M. (author), de Graaf, A.A. (author), Venema, K. (author), van Rossum, B.E.J. (author), Deutz, N.E.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A new method involving zinc sulphate deproteinization was developed to study short chain fatty acids (SCFA) production in the colon and subsequent occurrence of SCFA in blood. SCFA were baseline separated in a 30 min cycle using ion-exclusion chromatography and detected by mass spectrometry. Concentrations could be measured down to 10 μM and...
article 2007
document
Egert, M. (author), de Graaf, A.A. (author), Maathuis, A. (author), de Waard, P. (author), Plugge, C.M. (author), Smidt, H. (author), Deutz, N.E.P. (author), Dijkema, C. (author), de Vos, W.M. (author), Venema, K. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
16S rRNA-based stable isotope probing (SIP) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy-based metabolic profiling were used to identify bacteria fermenting glucose under conditions simulating the human intestine. The TIM-2 in vitro model of the human intestine was inoculated with a GI tract microbiota resembling that of the small intestine...
article 2007
Searched for: subject:"isotope"
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