Searched for: subject:"isoenzyme"
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Vlaming, M.L. (author), van Duijn, E. (author), Dillingh, M.R. (author), Brands, R. (author), Windhorst, A.D. (author), Hendrikse, N.H. (author), Bosgra, S. (author), Burggraaf, J. (author), de Koning, M.C. (author), Fidder, A. (author), Mocking, J.A. (author), Sandman, H. (author), de Ligt, R.A. (author), Fabriek, B.O. (author), Pasman, W.J. (author), Seinen, W. (author), Alves, T. (author), Carrondo, M. (author), Peixoto, C. (author), Peeters, P.A. (author), Vaes, W.H. (author)
Preclinical development of new biological entities (NBEs), such as human protein therapeutics, requires considerable expenditure of time and costs. Poor prediction of pharmacokinetics in humans further reduces net efficiency. In this study, we show for the first time that pharmacokinetic data of NBEs in humans can be successfully obtained early...
article 2015
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Ainola, M. (author), Valleala, H. (author), Nykänen, P. (author), Risteli, J. (author), Hanemaaijer, R. (author), Konttinen, Y.T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective. The excellent poster painter Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec is the most famous patient with cathepsin K-deficient pycnodysostosis. Cathepsin K is believed to play a major role in osteoclast-driven bone resorption. In this study we explored the role of cathepsin K in bone resorption in a patient with a cathepsin K mutation causing...
article 2008
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van der Kaaij, R.M. (author), Yuan, X.L. (author), Franken, A. (author), Ram, A.F.J. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In the genome sequence of Aspergillus niger CBS 513.88, three genes were identified with high similarity to fungal α-amylases. The protein sequences derived from these genes were different in two ways from all described fungal α-amylases: they were predicted to be glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchored, and some highly conserved amino acids of...
article 2007
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Houben, E. (author), Uchida, Y. (author), Nieuwenhuizen, W.F. (author), de Paepe, K. (author), Vanhaecke, T. (author), Holleran, W.M. (author), Rogiers, V. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
It has recently become evident that at least five ceramidase (CDase) isoforms are present in human epidermis, and that specifically acidic CDase (aCDase) and alkaline CDase (alkCDase) activities increase during keratinocyte differentiation, and thus might play a pivotal role(s) in permeability barrier function. Prior to investigating their...
article 2007
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van Zanden, J.J. (author), Geraets, L. (author), Wortelboer, H.M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The objective of this study was to investigate the structural requirements necessary for inhibition of glutathione S-transferase P1-1 (GSTP1-1) and GS-X pump (MRP1 and MRP2) activity by structurally related flavonoids, in GSTP1-1 transfected MCF7 cells (pMTG5). The results reveal that GSTP1-1 activity in MCF7 pMTG5 cells can be inhibited by some...
article 2004
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Post, S.M. (author), Groenendijk, M. (author), Solaas, K. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Objective-Cholesterol 7α-hydroxylase (cyp7a1) catalyzes the rate-limiting step in conversion of cholesterol to bile acids. To study the relationship between bile acid biosynthesis and triglyceride metabolism, we cross-bred mice lacking cyp7a1 on a hyperlipidemic APOE*3-Leiden background. Methods and Results-Female mice received a chow or...
article 2004
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Valtueña, S. (author), Cashman, K. (author), Robins, S.P. (author), Cassidy, A. (author), Kardinaal, A. (author), Branca, F. (author)
Research on the bone effects of natural phyto-oestrogens after menopause is at a relatively early stage. Published studies are few, difficult to compare and often inconclusive, due in part to design weaknesses. Currently, many questions remain to be answered including to what extent a safe daily intake may prevent postmenopausal bone loss. These...
article 2003
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van Zanden, J.J. (author), Hamman, O.B. (author), van Iersel, M.L.P.S. (author), Boeren, S. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Lo Bello, M. (author), Vervoort, J. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author)
In the present study, the inhibition of human glutathione S-transferase P1-1 (GSTP1-1) by the flavonoid quercetin has been investigated. The results show a time- and concentration-dependent inhibition of GSTP1-1 by quercetin. GSTP1-1 activity is completely inhibited upon 1 h incubation with 100 μM quercetin or 2 h incubation with 25 μM quercetin...
article 2003
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Jansen, S.C. (author), van Dusseldorp, M. (author), Bottema, K.C. (author), Dubois, A.E.J. (author)
Objective: To evaluate the scientific evidence for purported intolerance to dietary biogenic amines. Data Sources: MEDLINE was searched for articles in the English language published between January 1966 and August 2001. The keyword biogenic amin* was combined with hypersens*, allerg*, intoler*, and adverse. Additionally, the keywords histamine,...
article 2003
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Holtman, W.L. (author), Roberts, M.R. (author), Oppedijk, B.J. (author), Testerink, C. (author), van Zeijl, M.J. (author), Wang, M. (author)
Associations between lipoxygenases (Lox) and 14-3-3 proteins were demonstrated by two different methods. First, immunoprecipitation experiments, using isoenzyme-specific monoclonal Lox antibodies, showed that 14-3-3 proteins co-precipitate with 13-Lox, but not with the 9-Lox from barley. Second, interactions between 13-Lox and 14-3-3 were...
article 2000
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Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), Hissink, E.M. (author), Briggs, M. (author), Weaver, R. (author), Jochemsen, R. (author), Jackson, P. (author), Bertrand, M. (author), van Bladeren, P. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
A strategy is presented to predict interindividual variation in drug plasma levels in vivo by the use of physiologically based pharmacokinetic modeling and human in vitro metabolic parameters, obtained through the combined use of microsomes containing single cytochrome P450 enzymes and a human liver microsome bank. The strategy, applied to the...
article 2000
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Renwick, A.B. (author), Watts, P.S. (author), Edwards, R.J. (author), Barton, P.T. (author), Guyonnet, I. (author), Price, R.J. (author), Tredger, J.M. (author), Pelkonen, O. (author), Boobis, A.R. (author), Lake, B.G. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author)
The maintenance of the major hepatic cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes has been studied in precision-cut human liver slices cultured for up to 72 h in supplemented RPMI 1640 medium. The relative apoprotein levels of 11 CYP enzymes were determined using a panel of antipeptide antibodes. In addition, 7-ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase, tolbutamide...
article 2000
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Spotti, M. (author), Maas, R.F.M. (author), de Nijs, C.M. (author), Fink-Gremmels, J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The effects of the mycotoxin fumonisin B1 (FB1) on the hepatic cytochrome P450 system were investigated in male rats dosed daily by oral gavage with 3 mg FB1 per kg body weight for 9 consecutive days. FB1 treatment resulted in a reduced weight gain. At the same time, CYP2E activity was increased, which is considered to mark the metabolic changes...
article 2000
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van Mechelen, J.R. (author), Schuurink, R.C. (author), Smits, M. (author), Graner, A. (author), Douma, A.C. (author), Sedee, N.J.A. (author), Schmitt, N.F. (author), Valk, B.E. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Two full-length lipoxygenase cDNA sequences (LoxB and LoxC) from barley (Hordeum distichum cv. L. Triumph) are described. The cDNAs share high homology with the barley LoxA cDNA. Southern blotting experiments indicate single copy numbers of the three lipoxygenase genes. RFLP mapping revealed the presence of single lipoxygenase loci. LoxA and...
article 1999
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Cashman, J.R. (author), Xiong, Y. (author), Lin, J. (author), Verhagen, H. (author), van Poppel, G. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Larsen-Su, S. (author), Williams, D.E. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The effect of consumption of glucosinolate-containing Brussels sprouts on flavin-containing monooxygenase functional activity in humans was investigated in 10 healthy, male, non-smoking volunteers. After a 3-week run-in period, 5 volunteers continued on a glucosinolate-free diet for 3 weeks (control group), and 5 others consumed 300 g of cooked...
article 1999
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van Iersel, M.L.P.S. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Smink, N. (author), Koeman, J.H. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The cyclopentenone prostaglandin A2 (PGA2) is known to inhibit cell proliferation, and metabolism of this compound thus might be important in controlling its ultimate function. The glutathione-related metabolism of PGA2 was therefore investigated both with purified glutathione S-transferase P1-1 (GSTP1-1) and with IGR-39 human melanoma cells....
article 1999
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Monshouwer, M. (author), van 't Klooster, G.A.E. (author), Nijmeijer, S.M. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), van Miert, A.S.J.P.A.M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Despite the fact that pigs are increasingly used in pharmacological and toxicological studies, knowledge on the enzymes which metabolize xenobiotics, in particular cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes, in pigs is still very limited. Primary cultures of pig hepatocytes were used to characterize CYP enzymes. The characterization was performed at the...
article 1998
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van Iersel, M.L.P.S. (author), van Lipzig, M.M.H. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Vervoort, J. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Using 1H NMR two diastereoisomers of the ethacrynic acid glutathione conjugate (EASG) as well as ethacrynic acid (EA) could be distinguished and quantified individually. Chemically prepared EASG consists of equal amounts of both diastereoisomers. GSTP1-1 stereospecifically catalyzes formation of one of the diastereoisomers (A). The GSTP1-1...
article 1998
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Sherratt, P.J. (author), Manson, M.M. (author), Thomson, A.M. (author), Hissink, E.A.M. (author), Neal, G.E. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Green, T. (author), Hayes, J.D. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
A characteristic feature of the class Theta glutathione S-transferase (GST) T1-1 is its ability to activate dichloromethane and dibromoethane by catalysing the formation of mutagenic conjugates. The level of the GSTT1 subunit within tissues is an important determinant of susceptibility to the carcinogenic effects of these dihaloalkanes. In the...
article 1998
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Holtman, W.L. (author), Vredenbregt-Heistek, J.C. (author), Schmitt, N.F. (author), Feussner, I. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author)
Besides the pre-existing lipoxygenase (LOX-1) present in quiescent grains, a new lipoxygenase (LOX-2) is induced in embryos of germinating barley [Holtman, W. L., Van Duijn, G., Sedee, N. J. A. and Douma, A. C. (1996) Plant Physiol. 111, 569-576]. The fact that LOX-1 and LOX-2 form different products after incubation with linoleic acid, the (9S)...
article 1997
Searched for: subject:"isoenzyme"
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