Searched for: subject:"hearing"
(21 - 40 of 81)

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Koelewijn, T. (author), Bronkhorst, A. (author), Theeuwes, J. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
There is debate in the crossmodal cueing literature as to whether capture of visual attention by means of sound is a fully automatic process. Recent studies show that when visual attention is endogenously focused sound still captures attention. The current study investigated whether there is interaction between exogenous auditory and visual...
article 2009
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Uilenburg, N. (author), de Kauffman-Boer, M. (author), van der Ploeg, K. (author), Oudesluys-Murphy, A.M. (author), Verkerk, P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The objective of this study was to investigate whether universal neonatal hearing screening could be integrated in the youth health care program. The screening was performed by nurses of the well baby clinics. A three stage transient evoked otoacoustic emission screening was performed in three different screening settings in order to study the...
article 2009
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Zekveld, A.A. (author), Kramer, S.E. (author), Kessens, J.M. (author), Vlaming, M.S.M.G. (author), Houtgast, T. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
This study examined the subjective benefit obtained from automatically generated captions during telephone-speech comprehension in the presence of babble noise. Short stories were presented by telephone either with or without captions that were generated offline by an automatic speech recognition (ASR) system. To simulate online ASR, the word...
article 2009
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Vogel, I. (author), van der Ploeg, C.P.B. (author), Brug, J. (author), Raat, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This study explores the opportunities for and barriers to improving environmental conditions in order to reduce the risk for music-induced hearing loss in people who attend music venues. Individual semi-structured interviews were held with 20 representatives of music venues and of governmental organizations, according to a semi-structured...
article 2009
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van der Burg, E. (author), Olivers, C.N.L. (author), Bronkhorst, A.W. (author), Theeuwes, J. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Participants performed an attentional blink (AB) task including digits as targets and letters as distractors within the visual and auditory domains. Prior to the rapid serial visual presentation, a visual or auditory prime was presented in the form of a digit that was identical to the second target (T2) on 50% of the trials. In addition to the ...
article 2008
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van Wijngaarden, S.J. (author), Drullman, R. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Although the speech transmission index STI is a well-accepted and standardized method for objective prediction of speech intelligibility in a wide range of environments and applications, it is essentially a monaural model. Advantages of binaural hearing in speech intelligibility are disregarded. In specific conditions, this leads to considerable...
article 2008
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van der Ploeg, C.P.B. (author), Lanting, C.I. (author), de Kauffman-Boer, M.A. (author), Uilenburg, N.N. (author), de Ridder-Sluiter, J.G. (author), Verkerk, P.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
Objective: To investigate whether false-positive outcomes on neonatal hearing screening cause long-lasting parental concerns. Methods: A general population of parents whose children had participated in the universal neonatal hearing screening (UNHS) programme were examined. Parents filled out a questionnaire 6 months after UNHS. Outcomes were...
article 2008
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Zekveld, A.A. (author), Kramer, S.E. (author), Kessens, J.M. (author), Vlaming, M.S.M.G. (author), Houtgast, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the benefit that listeners obtain from visually presented output from an automatic speech recognition (ASR) system during listening to speech in noise. DESIGN: Auditory-alone and audiovisual speech reception thresholds (SRTs) were measured. The SRT is defined as the speech-to-noise ratio at which...
article 2008
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Vogel, I. (author), Brug, J. (author), Hosli, E.J. (author), van der Ploeg, C.P.B. (author), Raat, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To explore adolescents' behaviors and opinions about exposure to loud music from MP3 players. Study design: We conducted a qualitative analysis of focus-group discussions with adolescents aged 12 to 18 years from 2 large secondary schools (1 urban and 1 rural) for pre-vocational and pre-university education. The semi-structured...
article 2008
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van der Burg, E. (author), Olivers, C.N.L. (author), Bronkhorst, A.W. (author), Theeuwes, J. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Is an irrelevant audiovisual event able to guide attention automatically? In Experiments 1 and 2, participants were asked to make a temporal order judgment (TOJ) about which of two dots (left or right) appeared first. In Experiment 3, participants were asked to make a simultaneity judgment (SJ) instead. Such tasks have been shown to be affected...
article 2008
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Hille, E.T.M. (author), Weisglas-Kuperus, N. (author), van Goudoever, J.B. (author), Jacobusse, G.W. (author), Ens-Dokkum, M.H. (author), de Groot, L. (author), Wit, J.M. (author), Geven, W.B. (author), Kok, J.H. (author), de Kleine, M.J.K. (author), Kollée, L.A.A. (author), Mulder, A.L.M. (author), van Straaten, H.L.M. (author), de Vries, L.S. (author), van Weissenbruch, M.M. (author), Verloove-Vanhorick, S.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
OBJECTIVE. Young adults who were born very preterm or with a very low birth weight remain at risk for physical and neurodevelopmental problems and lower academic achievement scores. Data, however, are scarce, hospital based, mostly done in small populations, and need additional confirmation. METHODS. Infants who were born at <32 weeks of...
article 2007
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Vogel, I. (author), Brug, J. (author), van der Ploeg, C.P.B. (author), Raat, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objectives: This descriptive summary of the literature provides an overview of the available studies (published before October 2006) on sociodemographic, psychosocial, and other correlates of risk and protective behaviors for hearing loss in young people aged 12 to 25 years. Methods: Publications were identified by a structured search in PubMed,...
article 2007
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van Wijngaarden, S.J. (author), van Balken, J.A. (author)
A novel approach for disrupting offensive chants at sporting events is proposed, based on attacking synchronization between individuals. Since timing is crucial for coordination between chanters, disruption of timing is expected to be effective against undesired chants. Delayed auditory feedback is known to disrupt timing in individual sound...
article 2007
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van der Burg, E. (author), Olivers, C.N.L. (author), Bronkhorst, A.W. (author), Koelewijn, T. (author), Theeuwes, J. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
The second of two targets is often missed when presented shortly after the first target—a phenomenon referred to as the attentional blink (AB). Whereas the AB is a robust phenomenon within sensory modalities, the evidence for cross-modal ABs is rather mixed. Here, we test the possibility that the absence of an auditory–visual AB for visual...
article 2007
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Kastelein, R.A. (author), de Haan, D. (author), Verboom, W.C. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
It is unclear how well harbor porpoises can locate sound sources, and thus can locate acoustic alarms on gillnets. Therefore the ability of a porpoise to determine the location of a sound source was determined. The animal was trained to indicate the active one of 16 transducers in a 16-m -diam circle around a central listening station. The...
article 2007
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Hille, E.T.M. (author), van Straaten, H.L.M. (author), Verkerk, P.H. (author), van Straaten, I. (author), Verkerk, P. (author), Hille, E. (author), Baerts, W. (author), Bunkers, C. (author), Smink, E. (author), van Elburg, R. (author), de Kleine, M. (author), Kok, J.H. (author), Ilsen, A. (author), Visser, D. (author), Steiner, K. (author), de Vries, L.S. (author), Weisglas-Kuperus, N. (author), Sprij, A. (author), Lopriori, E. (author), Brokx, J. (author), Gavilanes, D. (author), Geven, W. (author), Bos, A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Aim: To determine the prevalence and independent relationship between hearing loss and risk factors in a representative neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) population. Methods: Automated auditory brainstem response (AABR) hearing screening has been introduced since 1998 in the Dutch NICUs. After a second AABR failure, diagnostic ABR was used to...
article 2007
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Zahorik, P. (author), Brungart, D.S. (author), Bronkhorst, A.W. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Although auditory distance perception is a critical component of spatial hearing, it has received substantially less scienti.c attention than the directional aspects of auditory localization. Here we summarize current knowledge on auditory distance perception, with special emphasis on recent research results. The summary will be structured...
article 2005
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Kastelein, R.A. (author), van Schie, R. (author), Verboom, W.C. (author), de Haan, D. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
The unmasked underwater hearing sensitivities of an 8-year-old male and a 7-year-old female Steller sea lion were measured in a pool, by using behavioral psychophysics. The animals were trained with positive reinforcement to respond when they detected an acoustic signal and not to respond when they did not. The signals were narrow-band,...
article 2005
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Kastelein, R.A. (author), Janssen, M. (author), Verboom, W.C. (author), de Haan, D. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Receiving beam patterns of a harbor porpoise were measured in the horizontal plane, using narrow-band frequency modulated signals with center frequencies of 16, 64, and 100 kHz. Total signal duration was 1000 ms, including a 200 ms rise time and 300 ms fall time. The harbor porpoise was trained to participate in a psychophysical test and...
article 2005
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Vos, J.J. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
article 2005
Searched for: subject:"hearing"
(21 - 40 of 81)

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