Searched for: subject%3A%22formaldehyde%22
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Suchowerska, A.K. (author), Stokman, G. (author), Palmer, J.T. (author), Coghlan, P.A. (author), Pieterman, E.J. (author), Keijzer, N. (author), Lambert, G. (author), Chemello, K. (author), Jaafar, A.K. (author), Parmar, J. (author), Yan, L. (author), Tong, Y. (author), Mu, L. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Bonnar, J. (author), Evison, B.J. (author)
Proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibits the clearance of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (LDL-C) from plasma by directly binding with the LDL receptor (LDLR) and sending the receptor for lysosomal degradation. As the interaction promotes elevated plasma LDL-C levels, and therefore a predisposition to...
article 2022
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Gelbke, H.P. (author), Buist, H. (author), Eisert, R. (author), Leibold, E. (author), Sherman, J. (author)
Polyoxymethylene (POM) is a polymer of formaldehyde used inter alia for kitchenware and food processing machines. By migration into food, consumers may be exposed to small additional amounts of formaldehyde in food. In order to address such potential exposures, Specific Migration Limits are derived using all studies with oral exposure in mammals...
article 2019
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Teunis, M.A.T. (author), Spiekstra, S.W. (author), Smits, M. (author), Adriaens, E. (author), Eltze, T. (author), Galbiati, V. (author), Krul, C.A.M. (author), Landsiedel, R. (author), Pieters, R. (author), Reinders, J. (author), Roggen, E. (author), Corsini, E. (author), Gibbs, S. (author)
This study describes the international ring trial of the epidermal-equivalent (EE) sensitizer potency assay. This assay does not distinguish a sensitizer from a non-sensitizer, but may classify known skin sensitizers according to their potency. It assesses the chemical concentration resulting in 50% cytotoxicity (EE-EC50) or the 2-fold increase...
article 2014
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Havermans, J.B.G.A. (author), Dekker, R. (author), Correl, R. (author)
conference paper 2014
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Boersma, A. (author), van Ee, R.J. (author), Stevens, R.S.A. (author), Saalmink, M. (author), Charlton, M.D.B. (author), Pollard, M.E. (author), Chen, R. (author), Kontturi, V. (author), Karioja, P. (author), Alajoki, T. (author)
This paper describes experimental measurement results for photonic crystal sensor devices which have been functionalized for gas sensing applications. The sensor consists of a two dimensional photonic crystal etched into a slab waveguide having a refractive index of 1.7-1.9. Test devices were fabricated from SiON material on silicon/ silicon...
conference paper 2014
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Kleinnijenhuis, A.J. (author), Staal, Y.C.M. (author), Duistermaat, E. (author), Engel, R. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author)
Formaldehyde (FA) is suspected of being associated with the development of leukemia. An inhalation experiment with FA was performed in rats to study whether FA can enter the blood and could thus cause systemic toxicity in remote tissues such as the bone marrow. Therefore, a sophisticated analytical method was developed to detect blood...
article 2013
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de Jong, W.H. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), de Klerk, A. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), Ezendam, J. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), van Loveren, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
There are currently no validated animal models that can identify low molecular weight (LMW) respiratory sensitizers. The Local Lymph Node Assay (LLNA) is a validated animal model developed to detect contact sensitizers using skin exposure, but all LMW respiratory sensitizers tested so far were also positive in this assay. Discrimination between...
article 2009
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Koopman, F.W. (author), de Winde, J.H. (author), Ruijssenaars, H.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The solvent-tolerant bacterium Pseudomonas putida S12 was engineered to efficiently utilize the C1 compounds methanol and formaldehyde as auxiliary substrate. The hps and phi genes of Bacillus brevis, encoding two key steps of the ribulose monophosphate (RuMP) pathway, were introduced to construct a pathway for the metabolism of the toxic...
article 2009
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), de Jong, W.H. (author), van Triel, J.J. (author), Schijf, M.A. (author), de Klerk, A. (author), van Loveren, H. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The local lymph node assay (LLNA) is used to test the potential of low molecular weight (LMW) compounds to induce sensitization via the skin. In the present study, a respiratory LLNA was developed. Male BALB/c mice were exposed head/nose-only during three consecutive days for 45, 90, 180, or 360 min/day to various LMW allergens. Ear application ...
article 2008
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The paper aims to evaluate the indoor air limit of 1 μg/m3 (0.8 ppb) formaldehyde as advised by the European Commission [the INDEX project; Kotzias, D., Koistinen, K., Kephalopoulos, S., Schlitt, C., Carrer, P., Maroni, M., Jantunen, M., Cochet, C., Kirchner, S., Lindvall, T., McLaughlin, J., Mølhave, L., de Oliveira Fernandes, E., Seifert, B.,...
article 2008
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), Mommers, C. (author), de Heer, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A literature study was performed to evaluate dose-response relationships and no-effect levels for sensitization and elicitation in skin- and respiratory allergy. With respect to the skin, dose-response relationships and no-effect levels were found for both intradermal and topical induction, as well as for intradermal and topical elicitation of...
article 2006
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), de Heer, C. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven TNO Voeding (author)
Objectives: Chemosensory effects of stimulation by a chemical can either be irritating (trigeminal stimulation) or odorous (olfactory stimulation) or both. For odorous irritants, a clear-cut distinction between odour and irritation is difficult to make. The differences in the lowest concentration found to be irritating to the respiratory tract...
article 2006
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Arts, J.H.E. (author), Rennen, M.A.J. (author), de Heer, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objectives: The critical health effects of formaldehyde exposure include sensory irritation and the potential to induce tumours in the upper respiratory tract. In literature, a concentration as low as 0.24 ppm has been reported to be irritating to the respiratory tract in humans. Nasal tumour-inducing levels in experimental animals seem to be 1...
article 2006
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Buist, H.E. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), van Burgsteden, J.A. (author), de Heer, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The dermal route of exposure is important in worker exposure to biocidal products. Many biocidal active substances which are used on a daily basis may decrease the barrier function of the skin to a larger extent than current risk assessment practice addresses, due to possible skin effects of repeated exposure. The influence of repeated and...
article 2005
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Feron, V.J. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), Slootweg, P.J. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author)
Health risks of inhaled nasal toxicants were reviewed with emphasis on chemically induced nasal lesions in humans, sensory irritation, olfactory and trigeminal nerve toxicity, nasal immunopathology and carcinogenesis, nasal responses to chemical mixtures, in vitro models, and nasal dosimetry- and metabolism-based extrapolation of nasal data in...
article 2001
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Groten, J.P. (author), Schoen, E.D. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), van Zorge, J.A. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The present study was intended (1) to find out whether simultaneous administration of nine chemicals at a concentration equal to the 'no-observed-adverse-effect level' (NOAEL) for each of them would result in a NOAEL for the combination and (2) to test the usefulness of fractionated factorial models to detect possible interactions between...
article 1997
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Cassee, F.R. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, and acrolein are well-known upper respiratory tract irritants and occur simultaneously as pollutants in many indoor and outdoor environments. The upper respiratory tract, and especially the nose, is the prime target for inhaled aldehydes. To study possible additive or interactive effects on the nasal epithelium we...
article 1996
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Cassee, F.R. (author), Stenhuis, W.S. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
In vitro studies with human and rat nasal epithelial cells were carried out to investigate the combined toxicity of formaldehyde and acrolein and the role of aldehyde dehydrogenases in this process. These studies showed that the toxic effect of mixtures of aldehydes was additive. In addition, aldehyde dehydrogenases were inhibited by disulfiram...
article 1996
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Groten, J.P. (author), Schoen, E.D. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The use of factorial designs, in which n chemicals are studied at x(n) dose levels (x treatment groups), has been put forward as one of the valuable statistical approaches for hazard assessment of chemical mixtures. Very recently a '25 study' was presented to describe interactions between the carcinogenic activity of five polycyclic aromatic...
article 1996
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Cassee, F.R. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), Feron, V.J. (author)
Sensory irritation of formaldehyde (FRM), acrolein (ACR) and acetaldehyde (ACE) as measured by the decrease in breathing frequency (DBF) was studied in male Wistar rats using nose-only exposure. Groups of four rats were exposed to each of the single compounds separately or to mixtures of FRM, ACR and/or ACE. Exposure concentrations of the...
article 1996
Searched for: subject%3A%22formaldehyde%22
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