Searched for: subject%3A%22fatty%255C%2Bacid%255C%2Bmetabolism%22
(1 - 14 of 14)
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den Besten, G. (author), van Eunen, K. (author), Groen, A.K. (author), Venema, K. (author), Reijngoud, D.J. (author), Bakker, B.M. (author)
Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), the end products of fermentation of dietary fibers by the anaerobic intestinal microbiota, have been shown to exert multiple beneficial effects on mammalian energy metabolism. The mechanisms underlying these effects are the subject of intensive research and encompass the complex interplay between diet, gut...
article 2013
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Lu, Y. (author), Boekschoten, M.V. (author), Wopereis, S. (author), Müller, M. (author), Kersten, S. (author)
Comparative transcriptomic and metabolomic analysis of fenofibrate and fish oil treatments in mice. Physiol Genomics 43: 1307-1318, 2011. First published September 27, 2011; doi:10.1152/physiolgenomics.00100.2011. Elevated circulating triglycerides, which are considered a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, can be targeted by treatment with...
article 2011
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Gaubius Instituut TNO (author), Coomans, C.P. (author), Geerling, J.J. (author), Guigas, B. (author), van den Hoek, A.M. (author), Parlevliet, E.T. (author), Ouwens, D.M. (author), Pijl, H. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author)
Insulin signaling in the central nervous system (CNS) is required for the inhibitory effect of insulin on glucose production. Our aim was to determine whether the CNS is also involved in the stimulatory effect of circulating insulin on the tissue-specific retention of fatty acid (FA) from plasma. In wild-type mice, hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic...
article 2011
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Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Light to moderate alcohol consumption is associated with a reduced risk for cardiovascular diseases. Epidemiologic studies, like our analysis of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study, suggest that moderate alcohol consumption is also associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes, reported for various...
article 2007
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den Boer, M.A.M. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Reiss, P. (author), van der Valk, M. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Objective - The use of the HIV protease inhibitor ritonavir (RTV) is frequently associated with hypertriglyceridemia and lipodystrophy. The aim of our study was to determine the mechanism underlying the observed hypertriglyceridemia. Methods and Results - Feeding female APOE*3-Leiden transgenic mice a Western-type diet supplemented with RTV (35...
article 2006
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de Boer, V.C.J. (author), van Schothorst, E.M. (author), Dihal, A.A. (author), van der Woude, H. (author), Arts, I.C.W. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Hollman, P.C.H. (author), Keijer, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Dietary quercetin intake is suggested to be health promoting, but this assumption is mainly based on mechanistic studies performed in vitro. Previously, we identified rat lung as a quercetin target tissue. To assess relevant in vivo health effects of quercetin, we analyzed mechanisms of effect in rat lungs of a chronic (41 weeks) 1% quercetin...
article 2006
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Corthésy-Theulaz, I. (author), den Dunnen, J.T. (author), Ferré, P. (author), Geurts, J.M.W. (author), Müller, M. (author), van Belzen, N. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The interaction between the human body and nutrition is an extremely complex process involving multi-organ physiology with molecular mechanisms on all levels of regulation (genes, gene expression, proteins, metabolites). Only with the recent technology push have nutritional scientists been able to address this complexity. Both the challenges and...
article 2005
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Heijne, W.H.M. (author), Slitt, A.L. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), Klaassen, C.D. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Rats were exposed to three levels of bromobenzene, sampled at 6, 24, and 48 h, and liver gene expression profiles were determined to identify dose and time-related changes. Expression of many genes changed transiently, and dependent on the dose. Few changes were identified after 6 h, but many genes were differentially expressed after 24 h, while...
article 2004
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den Boer, M. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Epidemiological studies in humans, as well as experimental studies in animal models, have shown an association between visceral obesity and dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Recently, attention has been focused on the excessive accumulation of triglycerides (TG) in the liver as part of this syndrome. In this review,...
article 2004
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Gaubius Instituut TNO (author), Muurling, M. (author), van den Hoek, A.M. (author), Mensink, R.P. (author), Pijl, H. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author)
Obese obob mice with strong overexpression of the human apolipoprotein C1 (APOC1) exhibit excessive free fatty acid (FFA) and triglyceride (TG) levels and severely reduced body weight (due to the absence of subcutaneous adipose tissue) and skin abnormalities. To evaluate the effects of APOC1 overexpression on hepatic and peripheral insulin...
article 2004
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TNO Voeding (author), Venema, K. (author), van Nuenen, M.H.M.C. (author), van den Heuvel, E.G. (author), Pool, W. (author), van der Vossen, J.M.B.M. (author)
The objective of this study was to compare the in vivo effect of lactulose on faecal parameters with the effect in a dynamic, computer-controlled in vitro model of the proximal large intestine (TIM-2). Faecal samples from 10 human volunteers collected before (non-adapted) and after 1 week of treatment (10 g/day) with lactulose (lactulose-adapted...
article 2003
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Koopmans, S.J. (author), Jong, M.C. (author), Que, I. (author), Dahlmans, V.E.H. (author), Pijl, H. (author), Radder, J.K. (author), Frölich, M. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Aims/hypothesis. Insulin resistance for glucose metabolism is associated with hyperlipidaemia and high blood pressure. In this study we investigated the effect of primary hyperlipidaemia on basal and insulin-mediated glucose and on non-esterified fatty acid (NEFA) metabolism and mean arterial pressure in hyperlipidaemic transgenic mice...
article 2001
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Guallar, E. (author), Aro, A. (author), Jiménez, F.J. (author), Martín-Moreno, J.M. (author), Salminen, I. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Gömez-Aracena, J. (author), Martin, B.C. (author), Kohlmeier, L. (author), Kark, J.D. (author), Mazaev, V.P. (author), Ringstad, J. (author), Guillén, J. (author), Riemersma, R.A. (author), Huttunen, J.K. (author), Thamm, M. (author), Kok, F.J. (author)
Omega-3 fatty acids have potential antiatherogenic, antithrombotic, and antiarrhythmic properties, but their role in coronary heart disease remains controversial. To evaluate the association of omega-3 fatty acids in adipose tissue with the risk of myocardial infarction in men, a case-control study was conducted in eight European countries and...
article 1999
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Dulfer, W.J. (author), Govers, H.A.J. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Most of the accumulation of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) over the food chain can be attributed to contaminant uptake from food. The effect of fatty acid absorption on net uptake and transport fluxes of a selection of 14 PCBs over the organismal gut epithelium has been determined in monolayers of the colon carcinoma cell line Caco-2 as a...
article 1998
Searched for: subject%3A%22fatty%255C%2Bacid%255C%2Bmetabolism%22
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