Searched for: subject:"epidermis"
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Morales-Hurtado, M. (author), Zeng, X. (author), Gonzalez-Rodriguez, P. (author), ten Elshof, J.E. (author), van der Heide, E. (author)
Research on human skin interactions with healthcare and lifestyle products is a topic continuously attracting scientific studies over the past years. It is possible to evaluate skin mechanical properties based on human or animal experimentation, yet in addition to possible ethical issues, these samples are hard to obtain, expensive and give rise...
article 2015
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Veijgen, N.K. (author), van der Heide, E. (author), Masen, M.A. (author)
Background: The frictional characteristics of skin-object interactions are important when handling objects, in the assessment of perception and comfort of products and materials and in the origins and prevention of skin injuries. In this study, based on statistical methods, a quantitative model is developed that describes the friction behaviour...
article 2013
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Reus, A.A. (author), Usta, M. (author), Kenny, J.D. (author), Clements, P.J. (author), Pruimboom-Brees, I. (author), Aylott, M. (author), Lynch, A.M. (author), Krul, C.A.M. (author)
An in vivo photomicronucleus test (MNT) using rat skin, the target organ for photoirritancy and carcinogenicity, was recently described. The assay was evaluated using fluoroquinolone (FQ) antibiotics with varying degrees of phototoxic potency (i.e. sparflocacin [SPFX], lomefloxacin [LOFX], ciprofloxacin [CIFX], levofloxacin [LEFX], gemifloxacin ...
article 2012
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Nagelkerken, L. (author), Verzaal, P. (author), Lagerweij, T. (author), Persoon-Deen, C. (author), Berbee, J.F.P. (author), Prens, E.P. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Oranje, A.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Mice with transgenic expression of human apolipoprotein C1 (APOC1) in liver and skin have strongly increased serum levels of cholesterol, triglycerides, and free fatty acids, indicative of a disturbed lipid metabolism. Importantly, these mice display a disturbed skin barrier function, evident from increased transepidermal water loss, and...
article 2008
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Houben, E. (author), Uchida, Y. (author), Nieuwenhuizen, W.F. (author), de Paepe, K. (author), Vanhaecke, T. (author), Holleran, W.M. (author), Rogiers, V. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
It has recently become evident that at least five ceramidase (CDase) isoforms are present in human epidermis, and that specifically acidic CDase (aCDase) and alkaline CDase (alkCDase) activities increase during keratinocyte differentiation, and thus might play a pivotal role(s) in permeability barrier function. Prior to investigating their...
article 2007
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Basketter, D. (author), Pease, C. (author), Kasting, G. (author), Kimber, I. (author), Casati, S. (author), Cronin, M. (author), Diembeck, W. (author), Gerberick, F. (author), Hadgraft, J. (author), Hartung, T. (author), Marty, J.P. (author), Nikolaidis, E. (author), Patlewicz, G. (author), Roberts, D. (author), Roggen, E. (author), Rovida, C. (author), van de Sandt, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
article 2007
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Buist, H.E. (author), de Heer, C. (author), van Burgsteden, J.A. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The in vitro dermal absorption kinetics of didecyldimethylammonium chloride (DDAC) was studied after single and multiple exposure. In addition, the influence of biocidal formulations on the absorption of DDAC was investigated. Following dermal exposure to DDAC in aqueous solution, less than 0.5% of the applied dose reached the receptor fluid...
article 2007
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Lehé, C.L. (author), Jacobs, J.J.L. (author), Hua, C.M. (author), Courtellemont, P. (author), Elliott, G.R. (author), Das, P.K. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
The accelerated migration of Langerhans cells (LCs) out of the epidermis and up-regulation of maturation markers, upon treatment with subtoxic concentrations of chemicals, were used as the criteria to determine the potential of allergenic chemicals capable of inducing a hapten-specific delayed-type hypersensitivity reaction. Here we report the...
article 2006
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Caspary, F. (author), Elliott, G. (author), Navé, B.T. (author), Verzaal, P. (author), Rohrbach, M. (author), Das, P.K. (author), Nagelkerken, L. (author), Nieland, J.D. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Background: The dogma in psoriasis is that due to pathogen-induced inflammatory responses, an autoreactive immune response is induced that leads to tissue destruction. However, this model might be too simplistic. Literature data suggest that the expression of enzymes crucial for fatty acid oxidation is upregulated in the skin of patients with...
article 2005
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Jacobs, J.J.L. (author), Lehé, C.L. (author), Cammans, K.D.A. (author), Das, P.K. (author), Elliott, G.R. (author)
The human organotypic skin explant culture (hOSEC) model is a promising alternative in vitro model for screening contact allergens. In this model, the chemical-induced migration of Langerhans cells (LCs) out of the epidermis, evaluated after a 24-h exposure period, is used as a measure of sensitizer potential. As skin irritants can also induce...
article 2004
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Rhodes, L.E. (author), Shahbakhti, H. (author), Azurdia, R.M. (author), Moison, R.M.W. (author), Steenwinkel, M.J.S.T. (author), Homburg, M.I. (author), Dean, M.P. (author), McArdle, F. (author), Beijersbergen van Henegouwen, G.M.J. (author), Epe, B. (author), Vink, A.A. (author)
Dietary omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFAs) protect against photocarcinogenesis in animals, but prospective human studies are scarce. The mechanism(s) underlying the photoprotection are uncertain, although ω-3 PUFAs may influence oxidative stress. We examined the effect of supplementation on a range of indicators of ultraviolet...
article 2003
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van der Schans, G.P. (author), Noort, D. (author), Mars-Groenendijk, R.H. (author), Fidder, A. (author), Chau, L.F. (author), de Jong, L.P.A. (author), Benschop, H.P. (author), Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author)
As part of a program to develop methods for diagnosis of exposure to chemical warfare agents, we developed immunochemical methods for detection of adducts of sulfur mustard to keratin in human skin. Three partial sequences of keratins containing glutamine or asparagine adducted with a 2-hydroxyethylthioethyl group at the ω-amide function were...
article 2002
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Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Elliott, G.R. (author), Hakkert, B.C. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The validity of in vitro and in vivo methods for the prediction of percutaneous penetration in humans was assessed using the fungicide ortho-phenylphenol (OPP) (log Po/w 3.28, MW 170.8, solubility in water 0.7 g/L). In vivo studies were performed in rats and human volunteers, applying the test compound to the dorsal skin and the volar aspect of...
article 2002
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Ponec, M. (author), Gibbs, S. (author), Pilgram, G. (author), Boelsma, E. (author), Koerten, H. (author), Bouwstra, J. (author), Mommaas, M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
One of the prerequisites for the use of human skin equivalents for scientific and screening purposes is that their barrier function is similar to that of native skin. Using human epidermis reconstructed on de-epidermized dermis we demonstrated that the formation of the stratum corneum (SC) barrier in vitro proceeds similarly as in vivo as judged...
article 2001
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Ponec, M. (author), Gibbs, S. (author), GPilgram, G. (author), BoeIsma, E. (author), Koerten, H. (author), Bouwstra, J. (author), Mommaas, M. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
One of the prerequisitesforthe use of human skin equivalents for scientific and screening purposes is that their barrierfunction is similar to that of native skin. Using human epidermis reconstructed en de-epidermized dermis we demonstrated that the formation of the stratum corneum (SC) barrier in vitro proceeds similarly as in vivo as judged...
article 2001
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van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Elliott, G.R. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Hakkert, B.C. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
In vitro and in vivo skin absorption of the pesticide propoxur (2-isopropoxyphenyl N-methyl carbamate, commercially Baygon(TM) and Unden(TM); log Po/w 1.56, MW 209.2) was investigated. In vivo studies were performed in rats and human volunteers, applying the test compound to the dorsal skin and the volar aspect of the forearm, respectively. In...
article 2000
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TNO Prins Maurits Laboratorium, Department of Pharmacology (author), Langeveld-Wildschut, E.G. (author), Bruijnzeel, P.L.B. (author), Mudde, G.C. (author), Versluis, C. (author), van Dijk-van Ieperen, A.G. (author), Bihari, I.C. (author), Knol, E.F. (author), Thepen, T. (author), Bruijnzeel-Koomen, C.A.F.M. (author), van Reijsen, F.C. (author)
article 2000
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Jong, M.C. (author), Gijbels, M.J.J. (author), Dahlmans, V.E.H. (author), van Gorp, P.J.J. (author), Koopman, S.-J. (author), Ponec, M. (author), Hofker, M.H. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Gaubius instituut TNO (author)
Transgenic mice were generated with different levels of human apolipoprotein C1 (APOC1) expression in liver and skin. At 2 mo of age, serum levels of cholesterol, triglycerides (TG), and FFA were strongly elevated in APOC1 transgenic mice compared with wild-type mice. These elevated levels of serum cholesterol and TG were due mainly to an...
article 1998
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Nijmeijer, B.A. (author), Steenvoorden, D.P.T. (author), Beijersbergen Van Henegouwen, G.M.J. (author), Roza, L. (author), Vink, A.A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Topical application of N-acetylcysteine prior to UVB irradiation of BALB/c mice has previously been shown to inhibit systemic suppression of the contact hypersensitivity response. Formation of cis-urocanic acid, however, is not affected. Besides urocanic acid, UV-induced DNA damage has been held responsible for the initiation of suppression of...
article 1998
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Hoefakker, S. (author), Balk, H.P. (author), Boersma, W.J.A. (author), van Joost, T. (author), Notten, W.R.F. (author), Claassen, E. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Fluorescent contact chemical allergens provoke sensitization after application on both syngeneic and allogeneic skin grafts in mice. We attempted to determine whether the functional activity in a contact sensitization response of human skin graft was affected at the level of antigen uptake and migration. After xenogeneic skin transplantation, we...
article 1995
Searched for: subject:"epidermis"
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