Searched for: subject:"enzyme%5C+kinetics"
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Ruijssenaars, H.J. (author), Sperling, E.M.G.M. (author), Wiegerinck, P.H.G. (author), Brands, F.T.L. (author), Wery, J. (author), de Bont, J.A.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A steroid 15β-hydroxylating whole-cell solvent tolerant biocatalyst was constructed by expressing the Bacillus megaterium steroid hydroxylase CYP106A2 in the solvent tolerant Pseudomonas putida S12. Testosterone hydroxylation was improved by a factor 16 by co-expressing Fer, a putative Fe-S protein from Bacillus subtilis. In addition, the...
article 2007
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Houben, E. (author), Uchida, Y. (author), Nieuwenhuizen, W.F. (author), de Paepe, K. (author), Vanhaecke, T. (author), Holleran, W.M. (author), Rogiers, V. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
It has recently become evident that at least five ceramidase (CDase) isoforms are present in human epidermis, and that specifically acidic CDase (aCDase) and alkaline CDase (alkCDase) activities increase during keratinocyte differentiation, and thus might play a pivotal role(s) in permeability barrier function. Prior to investigating their...
article 2007
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de Wijk, R.A. (author), Terpstra, M.E.J. (author), Janssen, A.M. (author), Prinz, J.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Results of sensory, physiological and physico-chemical studies from our laboratory on perceived creaminess of semi-solids foods are reviewed. Most results stem from studies using model vanilla custard desserts, allowing systematic variation of fat, flavor and thickener properties. The generalizability of the custard results was verified for...
article 2006
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Jeurissen, S.M.F. (author), Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), Boersma, M.G. (author), ter Horst, J.P.F. (author), Awad, H.M. (author), Fiamegos, Y.C. (author), van Beek, T.A. (author), Alink, G.M. (author), Sudhölter, E.J.R. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In vitro studies were performed to elucidate the human cytochrome P450 enzymes involved in the bioactivation of methyleugenol to its proximate carcinogen 1′-hydroxymethyleugenol. Incubations with Supersomes, expressing individual P450 enzymes to a high level, revealed that P450 1A2, 2A6, 2C9, 2C19, and 2D6 are intrinsically able to 1′...
article 2006
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Schroeder, M. (author), Lenting, H.B.M. (author), Kandelbauer, A. (author), Silva, C.J.S.M. (author), Cavaco-Paulo, A. (author), Gübitz, G.M. (author)
Due to their excellent properties, such as thermostability, activity over a broad range of pH and efficient stain removal, proteases from Bacillus sp. are commonly used in the textile industry including industrial processes and laundry and represent one of the most important groups of enzymes. However, due to the action of proteases, severe...
article 2006
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Kaper, T. (author), Talik, B. (author), Ettema, T.J. (author), Bos, H. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Amylomaltases are 4-α-glucanotransferases (EC 2.4.1.25) of glycoside hydrolase family 77 that transfer α-1,4-linked glucans to another acceptor, which can be the 4-OH group of an α-1,4-linked glucan or glucose. The amylomaltase-encoding gene (PAE1209) from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrobaculum aerophilum IM2 was cloned and expressed in...
article 2005
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te Biesebeke, R. (author), van Biezen, N. (author), de Vos, W.M. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Solid-state fermentation (SSF) with Aspergillus oryzae results in high levels of secreted protein. However, control mechanisms of gene expression in SSF have been only poorly studied. In this study we show that both glucoamylase (glaB) and protease (alpA, nptB) genes are highly expressed during surface cultivation on wheat-based solid medium,...
article 2005
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te Biesebeke, R. (author), Record, E. (author), van Biezen, N. (author), Heerikhuisen, M. (author), Franken, A. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To study the relation between the number of hyphal tips and protein secretion during growth on a solid substrate, we have constructed two mutant strains of Aspergillus oryzae with increased hyphal branching. We have analysed hydrolytic enzyme activities during growth on wheat kernels (WK) of A. oryzae strains carrying the disrupted allele of the...
article 2005
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Joosten, V. (author), Roelofs, M.S. (author), van den Dries, N. (author), Goosen, T. (author), Verrips, C.T. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Lokman, B.C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The Arthromyces ramosus peroxidase gene (arp) was genetically fused to either the 5′- or 3′-terminal ends of the gene encoding llama variable heavy chain antibody fragment VHH R9, resulting in the fusion expression cassettes ARP-R9 or R9-ARP. Aspergillus awamori transformants were obtained which produced up to 30 mg l-1 fusion protein in the...
article 2005
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Kralj, S. (author), van Geel-Schutten, G.H. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Lactobacillus reuteri strain 121 uses sucrose for synthesis of a unique, soluble glucan ('reuteran') with mainly α-(1→4) glucosidic linkages. The gene (gtfA) encoding this glucansucrase enzyme had previously been characterized. Here, a detailed biochemical and molecular analysis of the GTFA enzyme is presented. This is believed to be the first...
article 2004
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van Hijum, S.A.F.T. (author), Szalowska, E. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Lactobacillus reuteri strain 121 employs a fructosyltransferase (FTF) to synthesize a fructose polymer [a fructan of the levan type, with β(2→6) linkages] from sucrose or raffinose. Purification of this FTF (a levansucrase), and identification of peptide amino acid sequences, allowed isolation of the first Lactobacillus levansucrase gene (lev),...
article 2004
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Gervois, P. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Pilon, A. (author), Percevault, F. (author), Koenig, W. (author), Staels, B. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα), which is highly expressed in liver, plays key roles in lipid metabolism and inflammation. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is the principal inducer of acute phase response (APR) gene expression. In the present study, we demonstrate that chronic treatment with the PPARα agonist fenofibrate fully...
article 2004
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Walker, J.B. (author), Hughes, B. (author), James, I. (author), Haddock, P. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Bajzar, L. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Two competitive inhibitors of TAFIa (activated thrombin-activable fibrinolysis inhibitor), 2-guanidinoethyl-mercaptosuccinic acid and potato tuber carboxypeptidase inhibitor, variably affect fibrinolysis of clotted human plasma. Depending on their concentration, the inhibitors shortened, prolonged, or had no effect on lysis in vitro. The...
article 2003
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Lokman, B.C. (author), Joosten, V. (author), Hovenkamp, J. (author), Gouka, R.J. (author), Verrips, C.T. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author)
The heterologous production of Arthromyces ramosus peroxidase (ARP) was analysed in the filamentous fungus Aspergillus awamori under control of the inducible endoxylanase promoter. Secretion of active ARP was achieved up to 800 mg l-1 in shake flask cultures. Western blot analysis showed that an rARP product of the correct molecular weight was...
article 2003
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van Hijum, S.A.F.T. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Inulosucrases catalyze transfer of a fructose moiety from sucrose to a water molecule (hydrolysis) or to an acceptor molecule (transferase), yielding inulin. Bacterial inulin production is rare and a biochemical analysis of inulosucrase enzymes has not been reported. Here we report biochemical characteristics of a purified recombinant...
article 2003
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Derksen, G.C.H. (author), Naayer, M. (author), van Beek, T.A. (author), Capelle, A. (author), Haaksman, I.K. (author), van Doren, H.A. (author), de Groot, Æ. (author)
For the production of a commercially useful dye extract from madder, the glycoside ruberythric acid has to be hydrolysed to the aglycone alizarin which is the main dye component. An intrinsic problem is the simultaneous hydrolysis of the glycoside lucidin pritneveroside to the unwanted mutagenic aglycone lucidin. Madder root was treated with...
article 2003
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Bogaards, J.J.P. (author), Hissink, E.M. (author), Briggs, M. (author), Weaver, R. (author), Jochemsen, R. (author), Jackson, P. (author), Bertrand, M. (author), van Bladeren, P. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
A strategy is presented to predict interindividual variation in drug plasma levels in vivo by the use of physiologically based pharmacokinetic modeling and human in vitro metabolic parameters, obtained through the combined use of microsomes containing single cytochrome P450 enzymes and a human liver microsome bank. The strategy, applied to the...
article 2000
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TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author), Teusink, B. (author), Westerhoff, H.V. (author)
Although control of fluxes and concentrations tends to be distributed rather than confined to a single rate-limiting enzyme, the extent of control can differ widely between enzymes in a metabolic network. In some cases, there are enzymes that lack control completely. This paper identifies one surprising origin of such lack of control: If, in a...
article 2000
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Smits, J.P. (author), Rinzema, A. (author), Tramper, J. (author), van Sonsbeek, H.M. (author), Hage, J.C. (author), Kaynak, A. (author), Knol, W. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
In this paper, correlations between temperature and kinetics of Trichoderma reesei QM9414 growing on wheat bran are described in terms of glucosamine production, oxygen consumption, and carbon dioxide production. Maximum growth temperature (T(max)) being approximately 314 K, is estimated by measuring the radial growth rate on wheat bran. The...
article 1998
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Scherphof, G.L. (author), Velinova, M. (author), Kamps, J. (author), Donga, J. (author), van der Want, H. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), Havekes, L. (author), Daemen, T. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
The authors's recent work on matters pertinent to the in vivo processing of systemically administered liposomes is reviewed. particular emphasis is given to factors influencing blood clearance rates, hepatic and splenic uptake and intrahepatic as well as intrasplenic distribution. In addition to size, liposomal composition plays a crucial role...
article 1997
Searched for: subject:"enzyme%5C+kinetics"
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