Searched for: subject:"environmental%5C+exposure"
(1 - 20 of 105)

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Bunting, S.Y. (author), Lapworth, D.J. (author), Crane, E.J. (author), Grima-Olmedo, J. (author), Korosa, A. (author), Kuczynska, A. (author), Mali, N. (author), Rosenqvist, L. (author), van Vliet, M.E. (author), Togola, A. (author), Lopez, B. (author)
In Europe, emerging organic compounds (EOCs) in groundwater is a growing research area. Prioritisation for monitoring EOCs in Europe was formalised in 2019 through the development of the first voluntary groundwater watch list (GWWL). Despite this, groundwater occurrence data in the peer reviewed literature for Europe has not been reviewed to...
article 2021
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Shankar, K. (author), Pivik, R.T. (author), Johnson, S.L. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Demmer, E. (author), Murray, R. (author)
Understanding health requires more than knowledge of the genome. Environmental factors regulate gene function through epigenetics. Collectively, environmental exposures have been called the "exposome." Caregivers are instrumental in shaping exposures in a child's initial years. Maternal dietary patterns, physical activity, degree of weight gain,...
article 2018
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Koivisto, A.J. (author), Kling, K.I. (author), Fonseca, A.S. (author), Brostrøm Bluhme, A. (author), Moreman, M. (author), Yu, M. (author), Costa, A.L. (author), Giovanni, B. (author), Ortelli, S. (author), Fransman, W. (author), Vogel, U. (author), Jensen, K.A. (author)
Nanoscale TiO2 (nTiO2) is manufactured in high volumes and is of potential concern in occupational health. Here, we measured workers exposure levels while ceramic honeycombs were dip coated with liquid photoactive nanoparticle suspension and dried with an air blade. The measured nTiO2 concentration levels were used to assess process specific...
article 2018
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Steckling, N. (author), Gotti, A. (author), Bose-O'Reilly, S. (author), Chapizanis, D. (author), Costopoulou, D. (author), de Vocht, F. (author), Garí, M. (author), Grimalt, J.O. (author), Heath, E. (author), Hiscock, R. (author), Jagodic, M. (author), Karakitsios, S.P. (author), Kedikoglou, K. (author), Kosjek, T. (author), Leondiadis, L. (author), Maggos, T. (author), Mazej, D. (author), Polańska, K. (author), Povey, A. (author), Rovira, J. (author), Schoierer, J. (author), Schuhmacher, M. (author), Špirić, Z. (author), Stajnko, A. (author), Stierum, R. (author), Tratnik, J.S. (author), Vassiliadou, I. (author), Annesi-Maesano, I. (author), Horvat, M. (author), Sarigiannis, D.A. (author)
Background: The European Union's 7th Framework Programme (EU's FP7) project HEALS – Health and Environment-wide Associations based on Large Population Surveys – aims a refinement of the methodology to elucidate the human exposome. Human biomonitoring (HBM) provides a valuable tool for understanding the magnitude of human exposure from all...
article 2018
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Pedersen, M. (author), Gehring, U. (author), Beelen, R. (author), Wang, M. (author), Giorgis-Allemand, L. (author), Andersen, A.M.N. (author), Basagaña, X. (author), Bernard, C. (author), Cirach, M. (author), Forastiere, F. (author), de Hoogh, K. (author), Gražuleviĉvienė, R. (author), Gruzieva, O. (author), Hoek, G. (author), Jedynska, A. (author), Klümper, C. (author), Kooter, I.M. (author), Krämer, U. (author), Kukkonen, J. (author), Porta, D. (author), Postma, D.S. (author), Raaschou-Nielsen, O. (author), van Rossem, L. (author), Sunyer, J. (author), Sørensen, M. (author), Tsai, M.Y. (author), Vrijkotte, T.G.M. (author), Wilhelm, M. (author), Nieuwenhuijsen, M.J. (author), Pershagen, G. (author), Brunekreef, B. (author), Kogevinas, M. (author), Slama, R. (author)
Background: The health effects of suspended particulate matter (PM) may depend on its chemical composition. Associations between maternal exposure to chemical constituents of PM and newborn’s size have been little examined. Objective: We aimed to investigate the associations of exposure to elemental constituents of PM with term low birth weight ...
article 2016
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Thomsen, F. (author), Borsani, F. (author), Clarke, D. (author), de Jong, C. (author), de Wit, P. (author), Goethals, F. (author), Holtkamp, M. (author), Martin, E.S. (author), Spadaro, P. (author), van Raalte, G. (author), Victor, G.Y.V. (author), Jensen, A. (author)
The World Organization of Dredging Associations (WODA) has identified underwater sound as an environmental issue that needs further consideration. A WODA Expert Group on Underwater Sound (WEGUS) prepared a guidance paper in 2013 on dredging sound, including a summary of potential impacts on aquatic biota and advice on underwater sound monitoring...
conference paper 2016
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Bolle, L.J. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author), Bierman, S.M. (author), van van Beek, P.J.G. (author), Wessels, P.W. (author), Blom, E. (author), van Damme, C.J.G. (author), Winter, H.V. (author), Dekeling, R.P.A. (author)
Concern exists about the potential effects of pile-driving sounds on fish, but evidence is limited, especially for fish larvae. A device was developed to expose larvae to accurately reproduced pile-driving sounds. Controlled exposure experiments were carried out to examine the lethal effects in common sole larvae. No significant effects were...
conference paper 2016
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Helbich, M. (author), Emmichoven, M.J.Z.V. (author), Dijst, M.J. (author), Kwan, M.P. (author), Pierik, F.H. (author), Vries, S.I.D. (author)
Physical inactivity among children is on the rise. Active transport to school (ATS), namely walking and cycling there, adds to children's activity level. Little is known about how exposures along actual routes influence children's transport behavior. This study examined how natural and built environments influence mode choice among Dutch...
article 2016
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Remoundou, K. (author), Brennan, M. (author), Sacchettini, G. (author), Panzone, L. (author), Butler-Ellis, M.C. (author), Capri, E. (author), Charistou, A. (author), Chaideftou, E. (author), Gerritsen-Ebben, M.G. (author), Machera, K. (author), Spanoghe, P. (author), Glass, R. (author), Marchis, A. (author), Doanngoc, K. (author), Hart, A. (author), Frewer, L.J. (author)
The EU Directive on the sustainable use of pesticides (EU128/2009/EC) requires European Member States to develop training activities targeting occupational exposure to pesticides, and communication material aimed at residents and bystanders. Risk perceptions, knowledge and attitudes associated with passive and occupational exposure to pesticide...
article 2015
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Spaan, S. (author), Pronk, A. (author), Koch, H.M. (author), Jusko, T.A. (author), Jaddoe, V.M.W. (author), Shaw, P.A. (author), Tiemeier, H.M. (author), Hofman, A. (author), Pierik, F.H. (author)
The widespread use of organophosphate (OP) pesticides has resulted in ubiquitous exposure in humans, primarily through their diet. Exposure to OP pesticides may have adverse health effects, including neurobehavioral deficits in children. The optimal design of new studies requires data on the reliability of urinary measures of exposure. In the...
article 2015
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van der Voort, M.M. (author), van Wees, R.M.M. (author), Brouwer, S.D. (author), van der Jagt-Deutekom, M.J. (author), Verreault, J. (author)
Forensic analysis of explosions consists of determining the point of origin, the explosive substance involved, and the charge mass. Within the EU fP7 project Hyperion, TNO developed the Inverse Explosion Analysis (TNO-IEA) tool to estïmate the charge mass and point of origin based on observed damage around an explosion. In this paper inverse...
article 2015
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Tan, E. (author), Boessen, R. (author), Fishwick, D. (author), Klein Entink, R. (author), Meijster, T. (author), Pronk, A. (author), van Duuren-Stuurman, B. (author), Warren, N. (author)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic lung disease that is thought to affect over one million people in Great Britain. The main factor contributing to the development of COPD is tobacco smoke. This paper presents a microsimulation model for the development of COPD, incorporating population dynamics and trends in smoking. The...
article 2015
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Sybesma, W. (author), Kort, R. (author), Lee, Y.K. (author)
We describe factors promoting the exploration of locally sourced probiotics, targeting local populations to balance human needs and market opportunities. This would be particularly beneficial for people in developing countries, who generally lack access to affordable probiotics and are often exposed to poor hygiene conditions, toxic compounds,...
article 2015
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Bodin, J. (author), Kocbach Bølling, A. (author), Wendt, A. (author), Eliasson, L. (author), Becher, R. (author), Kuper, F. (author), Løvik, M. (author), Nygaard, U.C. (author)
Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is an autoimmune destruction of insulin producing pancreatic beta-cells due to a genetic predisposition and can be triggered by environmental factors. We have previously shown that bisphenol A (BPA) accelerates the spontaneous development of diabetes in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice. Here, we hypothesized that...
article 2015
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Minguillón, M.C. (author), Cirach, M. (author), Hoek, G. (author), Brunekreef, B. (author), Tsai, M. (author), de Hoogh, K. (author), Jedynska, A. (author), Kooter, I.M. (author), Nieuwenhuijsen, M. (author), Querol, X. (author)
Trace and major elements concentrations in PM10 and PM2.5 were measured at 20 sites spread in the Barcelona metropolitan area (1 rural background, 6 urban background, 13 road traffic sites) and at 1 reference site. Three 2-week samples per site and size fraction were collected during 2009 using low volume samplers, adding a total of 120 samples....
article 2014
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Eeftens, M. (author), Hoek, G. (author), Gruzieva, O. (author), Mölter, A. (author), Agius, R. (author), Beelen, R. (author), Brunekreef, B. (author), Custovic, A. (author), Cyrys, J. (author), Fuertes, E. (author), Heinrich, J. (author), Hoffmann, B. (author), De Hoogh, K. (author), Jedynska, A. (author), Keuken, M. (author), Klümper, C. (author), Kooter, I. (author), Krämer, U. (author), Korek, M. (author), Koppelman, G.H. (author), Kuhlbusch, T.A.J. (author), Simpson, A. (author), Smit, H.A. (author), Tsai, M.Y. (author), Wang, M. (author), Wolf, K. (author), Pershagen, G. (author), Gehring, U. (author)
BACKGROUND: Negative effects of long-term exposure to particulate matter (PM) on lung function have been shown repeatedly. Spatial differences in the composition and toxicity of PM may explain differences in observed effect sizes between studies. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter study in 5 European birth cohorts - BAMSE (Sweden), GINIplus and...
article 2014
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Hafkamp-de Groen, E. (author), van der Valk, R.J.P. (author), Mohangoo, A.D. (author), van der Wouden, J.C. (author), Duijts, L. (author), Jaddoe, V.W. (author), Hofman, A. (author), de Koning, H.J. (author), de Jongste, J.C. (author), Raat, H. (author)
Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of systematic assessment of asthma-like symptoms and environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure during regular preventive well-child visits between age 1 and 4 years by wellchild professionals. Methods: Sixteen well-child centres in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, were randomised into 8...
article 2014
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Jusko, T.A. (author), Shaw, P.A. (author), Snijder, C.A. (author), Pierik, F.H. (author), Koch, H.M. (author), Hauser, R. (author), Jaddoe, V.W.V. (author), Burdorf, A. (author), Hofman, A. (author), Tiemeier, H. (author), Longnecker, M.P. (author)
The potential human health effects of bisphenol A (BPA) exposure are a public health concern. In order to design adequately powered epidemiological studies to address potential health effects, data on the reproducibility of BPA concentration in seri al urine specimens taken during pregnancy are needed. To provide additional data on the...
article 2014
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den Boer, J.W. (author), Euser, S.M. (author), Nagelkerke, N.J. (author), Schuren, F. (author), Jarraud, S. (author), Etienne, J. (author)
Background: Legionella is a water and soil bacterium that can infect humans, causing a pneumonia known as Legionnaires' disease. The pneumonia is almost exclusively caused by the species L. pneumophila, of which serogroup 1 is responsible for 90% of patients. Within serogroup 1, large differences in prevalence in clinical isolates have been...
article 2013
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Jacobs, J.H. (author), Fuertes, E. (author), Krop, E.J.M. (author), Spithoven, J. (author), Tromp, P. (author), Heederik, D.J.J. (author)
Objectives: To describe associations among swimming, respiratory health, allergen sensitisation and Clara cell protein 16 (CC16) levels in Dutch schoolchildren. Trichloramine levels in swimming pool air were determined to assess potential exposure levels. Methods: Respiratory health and pool attendance information was collected from 2359...
article 2012
Searched for: subject:"environmental%5C+exposure"
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