Searched for: subject:"energy%5C+metabolism"
(1 - 20 of 42)

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Remels, A.H.V. (author), Derks, W.J.A. (author), Cillero-Pastor, B. (author), Verhees, K.J.P. (author), Kelders, M.C. (author), Heggermont, W. (author), Carai, P. (author), Summer, G. (author), Ellis, S.R. (author), de Theije, C.C. (author), Heeren, R.M.A. (author), Heymans, S. (author), Papageorgiou, A.P. (author), van Bilsen, M. (author)
Acute viral myocarditis (VM), characterised by leukocyte infiltration and dysfunction of the heart, is an important cause of sudden cardiac death in young adults. Unfortunately, to date, the pathological mechanisms underlying cardiac failure in VM remain incompletely understood. In the current study, we investigated if acute VM leads to cardiac...
article 2018
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Carmany, D. (author), Walz, A.J. (author), Hsu, F.L. (author), Benton, B. (author), Burnett, D. (author), Gibbons, J. (author), Noort, D. (author), Glaros, T. (author), Sekowski, J.W. (author)
Organophosphorus (OP) nerve agents continue to be a threat at home and abroad during the war against terrorism. Human exposure to nerve agents such as VX results in a cascade of toxic effects relative to the exposure level including ocular miosis, excessive secretions, convulsions, seizures, and death. The primary mechanism behind these overt...
article 2017
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Stroeve, J.H.M. (author), Saccenti, E. (author), Bouwman, J. (author), Dane, A. (author), Strassburg, K. (author), Vervoort, J. (author), Hankemeier, T. (author), Astrup, A. (author), Smilde, A.K. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Saris, W.H.M. (author)
Objective: Aim is to predict successful weight loss by metabolic signatures at baseline and to identify which differences in metabolic status may underlie variations in weight loss success. Methods: In DiOGenes, a randomized, controlled trial, weight loss was induced using a low calorie diet (800 kcal) for 8-weeks. Men (N5236) and women (N5431)...
article 2016
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Liang, W. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), Mulder, P. (author), van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), Verheij, J. (author), van Dam, A.D. (author), Boon, M.R. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), van den Hoek, A.M. (author)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Salsalate (salicylsalicylic acid) is an anti-inflammatory drug that was recently found to exert beneficial metabolic effects on glucose and lipid metabolism. Although its utility in the prevention and management of a wide range of vascular disorders, including type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome has been suggested...
article 2015
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Bakker, L.E.H. (author), Boon, M.R. (author), van der Linden, R.A.D. (author), Arias-Bouda, L.P. (author), van Klinken, J.B. (author), Smit, F. (author), Verberne, H.J. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Tamsma, J.T. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Marken Lichtenbelt, W.D. (author), Jazet, I.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author)
Background: Individuals of south Asian origin have a very high risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared with white Caucasians. We aimed to assess volume and activity of brown adipose tissue (BAT), which is thought to have a role in energy metabolism by combusting fatty acids and glucose to produce heat and might contribute to the difference...
article 2014
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Boon, M.R. (author), Kooijman, S. (author), van Dam, A.D. (author), Pelgrom, L.R. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Visseren, C.A.R. (author), van Aggele, R.C. (author), van den Hoek, A.M. (author), Sips, H.C.M. (author), Lombès, M. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Tamsma, J.T. (author), Guigas, B. (author), Meijer, O.C. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author)
The endocannabinoid system is an important player in energy metabolism by regulating appetite, lipolysis, and energy expenditure. Chronic blockade of the cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB1R) leads to long-term maintenance of weight loss and reduction of dyslipidemia in experimental and human obesity. The molecular mechanism by which CB1R blockade...
article 2014
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Wijte, D. (author), van Baar, B.L.M. (author), Heck, A.J.R. (author), Altelaar, A.F.M. (author)
To enhance target production from biocatalysts, it is necessary to thoroughly understand the molecular mechanisms involved in production, degradation, and, importantly, adaptation to the required environment. One such bacterium with high potential for biocatalysis is the solvent-tolerant bacteria Pseudomonas putida S12, which, among others, is...
article 2011
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Stein, A.D. (author), Rundle, A. (author), Wada, N. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Lumey, L.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Individuals exposed to the Dutch Famine of 1944-45 during gestation have increased adiposity, which might be due to changes in energy intake, physical activity, or metabolic efficiency.We studied 357 persons born between January 1945 and March 1946 whose mothers experienced famine during or immediately preceding pregnancy, 298 persons born in...
article 2009
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Wierckx, N. (author), Ruijssenaars, H.J. (author), de Winde, J.H. (author), Schmid, A. (author), Blank, L.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The physiological effects of genetic and transcriptional changes observed in a phenol producing mutant of the solvent-tolerant Pseudomonas putida S12 were assessed with metabolic flux analysis. The upregulation of a malate/lactate dehydrogenase encoding gene could be connected to a flux increase from malate to oxaloacetate. A mutation in the...
article 2009
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van der Werf, M.J. (author), Overkamp, K.M. (author), Muilwijk, B. (author), Koek, M.M. (author), van der Werff van der - Vat, B.J.C. (author), Jellema, R.H. (author), Coulier, L. (author), Hankemeier, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Metabolomics is an emerging, powerful, functional genomics technology that involves the comparative non-targeted analysis of the complete set of metabolites in an organism. We have set-up a robust quantitative metabolomics platform that allows the analysis of 'snapshot' metabolomes. In this study, we have applied this platform for the...
article 2008
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Dihal, A.A. (author), van der Woude, H. (author), Hendriksen, P.J.M. (author), Charif, H. (author), Dekker, L.J. (author), IJsselstijn, L. (author), de Boer, V.C.J. (author), Alink, G.M. (author), Burgers, P.C. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
Quercetin has been shown to act as an anticarcinogen in experimental colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of the present study was to characterize transcriptome and proteome changes occurring in the distal colon mucosa of rats supplemented with 10 g quercetin/kg diet for 11 wk. Transcriptome data analyzed with Gene Set Enrichment Analysis showed...
article 2008
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Havenith, G. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Data on metabolic rates (n = 0;81) and clothing insulation (n = 96) of school children and adolescents (A, primary school: age 9-10; B, primary school: age 10-11 year; C, junior vocational (technical) education: age 13-16 (lower level); D, same as C but at advanced level; and E, senior vocational (technical) education, advanced level: age 16-18)...
article 2007
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den Boer, M.A.M. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Schröder-van Der Elst, J.P. (author), Korsheninnikova, E. (author), Ouwens, D.M. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Several studies have demonstrated an association in humans between plasma levels or production capacity of the antiinflammatory cytokine IL-10 and insulin sensitivity. The aim of our study was to investigate the protective role of endogenous IL-10 availability in the development of diet-induced insulin resistance. We compared parameters of...
article 2006
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Schaafsma, G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Loss of muscle mass as a consequence of changes in protein metabolism during periods of catabolic stress is a serious complication in a variety of conditions. These conditions are weight loss programs, sarcopenia in the elderly and several clinical states. It appears from many studies that improved protein nutrition by ingestion of high-quality...
article 2006
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Corthésy-Theulaz, I. (author), den Dunnen, J.T. (author), Ferré, P. (author), Geurts, J.M.W. (author), Müller, M. (author), van Belzen, N. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The interaction between the human body and nutrition is an extremely complex process involving multi-organ physiology with molecular mechanisms on all levels of regulation (genes, gene expression, proteins, metabolites). Only with the recent technology push have nutritional scientists been able to address this complexity. Both the challenges and...
article 2005
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van der Werf, M.J. (author), Jellema, R.H. (author), Hankemeier, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Microbial production strains are currently improved using a combination of random and targeted approaches. In the case of a targeted approach, potential bottlenecks, feed-back inhibition, and side-routes are removed, and other processes of interest are targeted by overexpressing or knocking-out the gene(s) of interest. To date, the selection of...
article 2005
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van Erk, M.J. (author), Roepman, P. (author), van der Lende, T.R. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), Aarts, J.M.M.J.G. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Many different mechanisms are involved in nutrient-related prevention of colon cancer. In this study, a comprehensive assessment of the spectrum of possible biological actions of the bioactive compound quercetin is made using multiple gene expression analysis. Quercetin is a flavonoid that can inhibit proliferation of tumor cells and...
article 2005
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Smilde, A.K. (author), Jansen, J.J. (author), Hoefsloot, H.C.J. (author), Lamers, R.J.A.N. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), Timmerman, M.E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Motivation: Datasets resulting from metabolomics or metabolic profiling experiments are becoming increasingly complex. Such datasets may contain underlying factors, such as time (time-resolved or longitudinal measurements), doses or combinations thereof. Currently used biostatistics methods do not take the structure of such complex datasets into...
article 2005
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de Graaf, C. (author), Blom, W.A.M. (author), Smeets, P.A.M. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
This review's objective is to give a critical summary of studies that focused on physiologic measures relating to subjectively rated appetite, actual food intake, or both. Biomarkers of satiation and satiety may be used as a tool for assessing the satiating efficiency of foods and for understanding the regulation of food intake and energy...
article 2004
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Wijnands, M.V.W. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), Doornbos, R.P. (author), Krul, C.A.M. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author)
The effects of different dietary compounds on the formation of aberrant crypt foci (ACF) and colorectal tumours and on the expression of a selection of genes were studied in rats. Azoxymethane-treated male F344 rats were fed either a control diet or a diet containing 10% wheat bran (WB), 0.2% curcumin (CUR), 4% rutin (RUT) or 0.04% benzyl...
article 2004
Searched for: subject:"energy%5C+metabolism"
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