Searched for: subject%3A%22distractibility%22
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Morgan, P. (author), Macken, B. (author), Toet, A. (author), Bompas, A. (author), Bray, M. (author), Rushton, S. (author), Jones, D. (author)
The ways that extraneous visual and auditory stimuli impair human performance are reviewed with aim of distinguishing those sensory, perceptual and cognitive effects relevant to the design of human-machine systems. Although commonly regarded as disruptive, distractions reflect the adaptability of the organism to changing circumstances. Depending...
article 2020
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Kastelein, R.A. (author), Huijser, L.A.E. (author), Cornelisse, S. (author), Helder-Hoek, L. (author), Jennings, N. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author)
article 2019
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Boelhouwer, A. (author), van Dijk, J. (author), Martens, M.H. (author)
Cars that include combinations of automated functions, such as Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) and Lane Keeping (LK), are becoming more and more available to consumers, and higher levels of automation are under development. In the use of these systems, the role of the driver is changing. This new interaction between the driver and the vehicle may...
conference paper 2019
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van Leeuwen, P. (author), Landman, R. (author), Buning, L. (author), Heffelaar, T. (author), Hogema, J. (author), van Hemert, J.M. (author), de Winter, J. (author), Happee, R. (author)
Driver distraction is a leading cause of crashes. The introduction of in-vehicle technology in the last decades has added support to the driving task. However, in-vehicle technologies and handheld electronic devices may also be a threat to driver safety due to information overload and distraction. Adaptive in-vehicle information systems may be a...
conference paper 2017
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Ettwig, J.F. (author), Bronkhorst, A.W. (author)
In four experiments, we studied the time course of interference between detection of an oddball orientation target (OT) in an 8-item circular search display, and identification of a letter target (LT) in a central stream of distractor letters. Dual-task performance for different temporal lags between targets was compared to single-task...
article 2015
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Bos, J.E. (author)
BACKGROUND: Motion sickness may reduce passenger comfort and crew performance. Countermeasures are dominated by medication with specific and often undesirable side effects. OBJECTIVE: To shown that sickness due to motion can be reduced by adding an inherent non-sickening vibration and by mental distraction. METHODS: Eighteen blindfolded subjects...
article 2015
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de Winter, J.C.F. (author), Happee, R. (author), Martens, M.H. (author), Stanton, N.A. (author)
Adaptive cruise control (ACC), a driver assistance system that controls longitudinal motion, has been introduced in consumer cars in 1995. A next milestone is highly automated driving (HAD), a system that automates both longitudinal and lateral motion. We investigated the effects of ACC and HAD on drivers' workload and situation awareness...
article 2014
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Martens, M.H. (author), Brouwer, R.F.T. (author)
In driver behaviour research there is considerable focus on distraction caused by specific external systems, such as navigation systems or mobile telephones. However, it is not clear whether self-paced actions such as daydreaming have the same negative effects on driving behaviour. In a driving simulator study, the effects of an internal...
article 2013
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Hogema, J.H. (author), Martens, M.H. (author), Ubink, E.M. (author)
TNO is developing a Driver Model Library (DML) to provide computational models of driver behaviour and decision making for use as a cross-platform plug-in for traffic simulations. The DML is based on a multi-agent cognitive framework which models the individual driving tasks (such as navigation, overtaking, gap acceptance, etc.) and the...
conference paper 2011
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Hoedemaeker, D.M. (author), Hogema, J.H. (author), Pauwelussen, J.J.A. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
A simulator study was performed to establish the effects of motorway environment complexity on driver distraction and workload. In this study environment complexity refers to the visual complexity of static objects on or next to the road and in its vicinity (e.g. traffic signs, buildings, advertisements…). It does not include traffic density or...
conference paper 2010
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van der Horst, A.R.A. (author), Martens, M.H. (author)
Peaks in workload while driving might have immediate safety implications. The Peripheral Detection Task (PDT) has shown to be a sensitive objective workload measure. Drivers have to respond to the onset of a peripherally presented simple visual stimulus (red square or LED) by pressing a finger switch, on average, once every 4 seconds. The more...
bookPart 2010
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Schermers, G. (author), Wegman, F. (author), van Vliet, P. (author), van der Horst, A.R.A. (author), Boender, J. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
This paper provides an overview of the most significant developments in the area of road (geometric) design practices and standards and related research in the Netherlands in recent years. The paper describes the importance of the Sustainable Road Safety policy in this context. Furthermore, it provides a summary of a number of new initiatives...
conference paper 2010
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Blok, M.M. (author), de Korte, E. (author), Groenesteijn, L. (author), Formanoy, M. (author), Vink, P. (author)
conference paper 2009
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TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author), Schaap, T.W. (author), van der Horst, A.R.A. (author), van Arem, B. (author), Brookhuis, K.A. (author)
Driver distraction is caused by a competing activity and leads to unsafe driving. Mental workload changes with task demands and influences performance. Though distraction and mental workload are strongly related, they are not the same. Performance motivation and task engagement influence performance and consequently distraction but not workload;...
conference paper 2009
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de Korte, E. (author), Kuijt-Evers, L. (author), Vink, P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A pilot experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of visual or auditory distraction in an office environment on productivity, concentration and emotion. Ten subjects performed a simple, standardized computer task in five conditions (undisturbed, 3 variations of auditory distraction and visual distraction). Results showed no effects of...
conference paper 2007
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van der Horst, A.R.A. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
A process-oriented approach by systematically studying driver performance, distraction, and workload is the way to go for assessing safety effects of new telematics applications in vehicles. These systems may strive for drivers' attention and possibly lead to distraction from the primary task. Visual occlusion techniques appear to be an...
article 2004
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TNO Technische Menskunde (author), Martens, M.H. (author)
Two experiments investigated effects of expectations on eye fixations and responses to expected and unexpected information in a laboratory setting. Stimulus fixation and manual responses to predefined targets among distractors were measured in a dynamic environment shown on a monitor. Participants were part of either a predictable condition ...
article 2004
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TNO Technische Menskunde (author), de Waard, D. (author), Brookhuis, K.A. (author), Noordmans, M.C. (author), Hogema, J.H. (author), Visscher, R.M. (author)
Comprehensibility of an assistance system that should facilitate merging at places where a motorway lane ends was evaluated in the advanced driving simulator of the University of Groningen. Main components of the system called 'Denkdek' ('Thinking road surface') are electronic speed limit signs, arrows stimulating to merge, and moving light (LED...
bookPart 2004
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de Ridder, S.N. (author)
Do elderly drivers have more trouble finding their way and staying spatially oriented than younger drivers do? If spatial orientation is more difficult for elderly drivers it could distract attention from vehicle control resulting in a higher accident rate for elderly drivers. Moreover, it could become less desirable for older drivers to explore...
conference paper 2002
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Verwey, W.B. (author)
In order to develop a driver-car interface that adapts the presentation of messages generated by in-vehicle information systems to driver workload, two experiments investigated potential determinants of driver visual and mental workload as indicated by performance on two secondary tasks. Experiment 1 suggested that road situation is a major...
article 2000
Searched for: subject%3A%22distractibility%22
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