Searched for: subject:"controlled%5C+study"
(1,581 - 1,600 of 1,610)

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Leenheers, L.H. (author), van Breugel, D.C. (author), Ravensberg, J.C. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Jongen, M.J.M. (author), Medisch Biologisch Laboratorium TNO (author)
An analytical method for the assessment of the exposure of workers to the pesticide propoxur through biological monitoring has been developed. This study was part of a survey of occupational exposure to pesticides used in greenhouses for the growing of ornamental plants. In order to assess the actual absorbed amount of propoxur in the body, an...
article 1992
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de Lange, J. (author), van Eck, P. (author), Elliott, G.R. (author), de Kort, W.L.A.M. (author), Wolthuis, O.L. (author), Medisch Biologisch Laboratorium TNO (author)
To overcome most of the disadvantages of current models to investigate percutaneous penetration of drugs or toxic substances, a model is proposed here based on the isolated pig ear, which is obtained at the slaughterhouse, and perfused with oxygenated blood from the same pig. To determine the viability of the preparations, we measured glucose...
article 1992
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van de Water, H.P.A. (author), Bijleveld, C.C.J.H. (author), Nederlands Instituut voor Praeventieve Gezondheidszorg TNO (author)
Eind 1990 verschenen in dit tijdschrift twee artikelen over het aantal met HIV geïnfecteerden in Nederland. Hieruit bleek dat het aantal HIV-seropositieven lager lag dan eerder werd aangenomen, maar dat desondanks een stijgend aantal AIDS-patiënten verwacht mocht worden. In uitkomsten liepen de twee onderzoeken niet ver uiteen. Jager et al....
article 1992
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Claassen, E. (author), Medisch Biologisch Laboratorium TNO (author)
A fast and simple method for the in vivo/in situ detection of liposomes is described. Utilizing lipophilic carbocyanine dyes, DiI and DiO, yellow (or red) and green fluorescent liposomes can be visualised with routinely available filters. The main advantages of the method are (i) the vesicles can be labelled after they are formed and (ii) the...
article 1992
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Kooistra, T. (author), van Bennekum, A.M. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Brouwer, A. (author), Roholl, P.J.M. (author), Emeis, J.J. (author), Netherlands Instituut voor Verouderings- en Vaatziekten Onderzoek TNO (author)
article 1992
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van de Kar, N.C.A.J. (author), Monnens, L.A.H. (author), Karmali, M.A. (author), van Hinsbergh, V.W.M. (author), Instituut voor verouderings- en vaatziekten onderzoek TNO (author)
The epidemic form of the hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), beginning with an acute gastroenteritis, has been associated with a verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli infection. The endothelial cell is believed to play an important role in the pathogenesis of HUS. Endothelial cell damage by verocytotoxin-1 (VT-1) in vitro is potentiated by the...
article 1992
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Otter, M. (author), Kuiper, J. (author), Bos, R. (author), Rijken, D.C. (author), van Berkel, T.J.C. (author), Gaubius Laboratory Instituut voor verouderings- en vaatziekten onderzoek TNO (author)
The interaction of 125I-labelled tissue-type plasminogen activator (125I-t-PA) with freshly isolated rat parenchymal and endothelial liver cells was studied. Binding experiments at 4°C with parenchymal cells and endothelial liver cells indicated the presence of 68000 and 44000 high-affinity t-PA-binding sites, with an apparent K(d) of 3.5 and 4...
article 1992
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TNO Voeding (author), Meijers, M. (author), Appel, M.J. (author), van Garderen-Hoetmer, A. (author), Lamers, C.B.H.W. (author), Rovati, L.C. (author), Jansen, J.B.M.J. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author)
Cholecystokinin and bombesin have been shown to promote pancreatic growth and development of azaserine-induced acidophilic atypical acinar cell nodules in rat pancreas after treatment for 16 weeks. Lorglumide, a specific cholescystokinin receptor antagonist, inhibited the stimulating effect of cholecystokinin, but not of bombesin. The present...
article 1992
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van 't Veer, P. (author), van Leer, E.M. (author), Rietdijk, A. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Schouten, E.G. (author), Hermus, R.J.J. (author), Sturmans, F. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
Combinations of dietary factors were studied in relation to breast-cancer occurrence among 133 breast cancer cases and 289 population controls in The Netherlands. Dietary factors were classified according to their possible mechanism of action, i.e., relating either to the intestinal microflora (total fat, fiber, fermented milk products) or to...
article 1991
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Gijbels, M.J.J. (author), Visser, J.W.M. (author), Solleveld, H.A. (author), Broerse, J.J. (author), Zurcher, C. (author), Instituut voor Verouderings- en Vaatziekten Onderzoek TNO (author)
Archival paraffin embedded material was used to examine whether additional quantitative criteria would be helpful to discriminate between histologically benign and malignant rat mammary tumours. To this end nuclear DNA content expressed as DNA ploidy index (DI) was measured using flow cytometry (FCM). A total of 63 benign and malignant mammary...
article 1991
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Wolthuis, O.L. (author), Philippens, I.H.C.H.M. (author), Vanwersch, R.A.P. (author), Medisch Biologisch Laboratorium TNO (author), MBL (author)
Several earlier studies showed that, in contrast with DFP, repeated injections with soman did not lead to behavioral tolerance in rats. The reason for the difference between the effects of these two organophosphate cholinesterase inhibitors was not clear and a neurophysiological approach was undertaken. Four experiments (A, B, C and D) were...
article 1991
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Korteling, J.E. (author)
Age-related differences in dual-task performance may be affected by factors such as skill integration and perceptual competition. Therefore these factors were examined in a dual-task experiment with young and older adults involving two one-dimensional compensatory tracking tasks. Single-task difficulty was individually adjusted for each subject....
article 1991
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van Nesselrooij, J.H.J. (author), Bruijntjes, J.P. (author), Garderen van-Hoetmer, A. (author), Tillapaugh-Fay, G.M. (author), Feron, V.J. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Estrogen-induced pituitary lesions in rats were studied in time-sequence experiments using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), hormone determinations and light microscopy. The main purpose of the study was to evaluate the usefulness of MRI in comparison with conventional biochemical and histopathological methods for detecting the pituitary lesions...
article 1991
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't Hart, B.A. (author), Botman, C.A.D. (author), Bakker, N.P.M. (author)
Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from Rhesus monkeys previously immunized with bovine type II collagen to induce arthritis were cultured with the same antigen. Because the native protein is poorly soluble in culture medium a heating step is often used. The antigen in this form induced PBMC proliferation, but epitopes for the induction...
article 1991
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Huisman, J. (author), van der Poel, A.F.B. (author), van Leeuwen, P. (author), Verstegen, M.W.A. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The effects of lectins in the diet have been mainly studied in rats. An important question is whether results obtained in rats can be extrapolated to larger animals like the pig. Phaseolus vulgaris beans are rich in toxic lectins. Therefore a study was carried out to compare the effects of diets containing 200 g Phaseolus vulgaris beans (raw or...
article 1990
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Havenith, G. (author), Heus, R. (author), Lotens, W.A. (author)
The individual and combined effects of sitting, walking at two speeds and three wind speeds on the insulation value of three clothing ensembles were determined on four subjects (two with loose clothing fit and two with tight clothing fit). Subjects were wrapped in synthetic foil before dressing in order to avoid sweat evaporation and so increase...
article 1990
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Holewijn, M. (author)
In an experimental study of load carrying the effects of mass (0, 5.4, 10.4 kg) and the type of support (on the shoulder or on waist) on parameters of physiological strain were quantified to determine the factor(s) which limit carrying time. Four categories of strain were investigated: metabolic (in terms of oxygen uptake), cardiovascular (in...
article 1990
document
van 't Veer, P. (author), van der Wielen, R.P.J. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Hermus, R.J.J. (author), Sturmans, F. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The association between breast cancer and selenium, measured in the diet, plasma, erythrocytes, and toenails, was investigated in a case-control study in the Netherlands during 1985-1987. Dietary selenium intake was assessed by a structured dietary history technique among 133 breast cancer cases and 238 population controls. Absolute and energy...
article 1990
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Wertheim, A.H. (author), van Gelder, P. (author)
When the eyes pursue a fixation point that sweeps across a moving background pattern, and the fixation point is suddenly made to stop, the ongoing motion of the background pattern seems to accelerate to a higher velocity. Experiment I showed that this acceleration illusion is not caused by the sudden change in (i) the relative velocity between...
article 1990
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Lotens, W.A. (author), Instituut voor Zintuigfysiologie TNO (author)
The effect of geometric factors on insulation was calculated mathematically for standing humans. It was found that internal radiative heat transfer in an ensemble was significant for insulation, that intrinsic clothing insulation is a useful concept only for indoor climates, and that shape plays a minor role. The literature agrees closely on...
article 1989
Searched for: subject:"controlled%5C+study"
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