Searched for: subject:"controlled%5C+study"
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Vlaming, M.L. (author), van Duijn, E. (author), Dillingh, M.R. (author), Brands, R. (author), Windhorst, A.D. (author), Hendrikse, N.H. (author), Bosgra, S. (author), Burggraaf, J. (author), de Koning, M.C. (author), Fidder, A. (author), Mocking, J.A. (author), Sandman, H. (author), de Ligt, R.A. (author), Fabriek, B.O. (author), Pasman, W.J. (author), Seinen, W. (author), Alves, T. (author), Carrondo, M. (author), Peixoto, C. (author), Peeters, P.A. (author), Vaes, W.H. (author)
Preclinical development of new biological entities (NBEs), such as human protein therapeutics, requires considerable expenditure of time and costs. Poor prediction of pharmacokinetics in humans further reduces net efficiency. In this study, we show for the first time that pharmacokinetic data of NBEs in humans can be successfully obtained early...
article 2015
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Nohynek, G.J. (author), Skare, J.A. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Wehmeyer, K.R. (author), de Bie, A.T.H.J. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author), Dufour, E.K. (author), Fautz, R. (author), Steiling, W. (author), Bramante, M. (author), Toutain, H. (author)
Systemic exposure was measured in humans after hair dyeing with oxidative hair dyes containing 2.0% (A) or 1.0% (B) [14C]-p-phenylenediamine (PPD). Hair was dyed, rinsed, dried, clipped and shaved; blood and urine samples were collected for 48 hours after application. [14C] was measured in all materials, rinsing water, hair, plasma, urine and...
article 2015
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Ripken, D. (author), van der Wielen, N. (author), van der Meulen, J. (author), Schuurman, T. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Koopmans, S.J. (author)
The vagal nerve and gut hormones CCK and GLP-1 play important roles in the control of food intake. However, it is not clear to what extent CCK and GLP-1 increase satiation by stimulating receptors located on abdominal vagal nerve endings or via receptors located elsewhere. This study aimed to further explore the relative contribution of the...
article 2015
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van Avesaat, M. (author), Troost, F.J. (author), Ripken, D. (author), Hendriks, H.F. (author), Aam, M. (author)
BACKGROUND: Activation of the ileal brake, by infusing lipid directly into the distal part of the small intestine, alters gastrointestinal (GI) motility and inhibits food intake. The ileal brake effect on eating behavior of the other macronutrients is currently unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of...
article 2015
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Majchrzykiewicz-Koehorst, J.A. (author), Heikens, E. (author), Trip, H. (author), Hulst, A.G. (author), de Jong, A.L. (author), Viveen, M.C. (author), Sedee, N.J.A. (author), van der Plas, J. (author), Coenjaerts, F.E.J. (author), Paauw, A. (author)
The rapid identification of existing and emerging respiratory viruses is crucial in combating outbreaks and epidemics. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) is a rapid and reliable identification method in bacterial diagnostics, but has not been used in virological diagnostics. Mass...
article 2015
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Ettwig, J.F. (author), Bronkhorst, A.W. (author)
In four experiments, we studied the time course of interference between detection of an oddball orientation target (OT) in an 8-item circular search display, and identification of a letter target (LT) in a central stream of distractor letters. Dual-task performance for different temporal lags between targets was compared to single-task...
article 2015
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van Beijsterveldt, A.M.C. (author), Stubbe, J.H. (author), Schmikli, S.L. (author), van de Port, I.G.L. (author), Backx, F.J.G. (author)
Objectives: To compare the incidence and characteristics of injuries between Dutch amateur and professional male soccer players during one entire competition season. Design: A prospective two-cohort design. Methods: During the 2009-2010 season, 456 Dutch male amateur soccer players and 217 professional players were prospectively followed....
article 2015
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Schmidt, S.C. (author), Sleddens, E.F.C. (author), de Vries, S.I. (author), Gubbels, J. (author), Thijs, C. (author)
Changes in the neighborhood environment may explain part of the rapid increase in childhood overweight and obesity during the last decades. To date few theory-driven rather than data-driven studies have explored longitudinal associations between multiple neighborhood characteristics and child body weight development. We aimed to assess the...
article 2015
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Higuera, G.A. (author), Fernandes, H. (author), Spitters, T.W.G.M. (author), van de Peppel, J. (author), Aufferman, N. (author), Truckenmueller, R. (author), Stoop, R. (author), van Leeuwen, J.P. (author), de Boer, J. (author), Subramaniam, V. (author), Karperien, M. (author), van Blitterswijk, C. (author), van Boxtel, A. (author), Moroni, L. (author)
Cells and tissues are intrinsically adapted to molecular gradients and use them to maintain or change their activity. The effect of such gradients is particularly important for cell populations that have an intrinsic capacity to differentiate into multiple cell lineages, such as bone marrow derived mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs). Our results...
article 2015
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Schönbeck, Y. (author), van Dommelen, P. (author), Hirasing, R.A. (author), van Buuren, S. (author)
Objectives To study trends in height of Turkish and Moroccan immigrant children living in The Netherlands, to investigate the association between height and background characteristics in these children, and to calculate height-for-age-references data for these groups. Design Nationwide cross-sectional data collection from children aged 0 to 18...
article 2015
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Schrieks, I.C. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), Griffioen-Roose, S. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), Boerrigter-Rijneveld, R. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author)
The aim of this study was to investigate whether food reward plays a role in the stimulating effect of moderate alcohol consumption on subsequent food intake. In addition, we explored the role of oral and gut sensory pathways in alcohol's effect on food reward by modified sham feeding (MSF) or consumption of a preload after alcohol intake.In a...
article 2015
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Kühnast, S. (author), van der Tuin, S.J.L. (author), van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), van Klinken, J.B. (author), Simic, B. (author), Pieterman, E. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Landmesser, U. (author), Lüscher, T.F. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author)
Background The residual risk that remains after statin treatment supports the addition of other LDL-C-lowering agents and has stimulated the search for secondary treatment targets. Epidemiological studies propose HDL-C as a possible candidate. Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) transfers cholesteryl esters from atheroprotective HDL to...
article 2015
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Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), Dutman, A.E. (author), Stroeve, J.H.M. (author), van de Steeg, E. (author), Bijlsma, S. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Wopereis, S. (author)
Metabolism maintains homeostasis at chronic hypercaloric conditions, activating postprandial response mechanisms, which come at the cost of adaptation processes such as energy storage, eventually with negative health consequences. This study quantified the metabolic adaptation capacity by studying challenge response curves. After a high-fat...
article 2015
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Reinen, J. (author), Nematollahi, L. (author), Fidder, A. (author), Vermeulen, N.P.E. (author), Noort, D. (author), Commandeur, J.N.M. (author)
Tri-ortho-cresyl phosphate (ToCP) is a multipurpose organophosphorus compound that is neurotoxic and suspected to be involved in aerotoxic syndrome in humans. It has been reported that not ToCP itself but a metabolite of ToCP, namely, 2-(ortho-cresyl)-4H-1,2,3-benzodioxaphosphoran-2-one (CBDP), may be responsible for this effect as it can...
article 2015
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Kooijman, S. (author), Meurs, I. (author), van der Stoep, M. (author), Habets, K.L. (author), Lammers, B. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), van Eck, M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Korporaal, S.J.A. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author)
Summary: Background: The autonomic nervous system attenuates inflammation through activation of the α7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α7nAChR), a pathway termed the cholinergic anti-inflammatory reflex. Interestingly, α7nAChR is expressed on immune cells and platelets, both of which play a crucial role in the development of atherosclerosis....
article 2015
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Hayes, D.J. (author), van Buuren, S. (author), ter Kuile, F.O. (author), Stasinopoulos, D.M. (author), Rigby, R.A. (author), Terlouw, D.J. (author)
Methods: A weight-for-age database was constructed from pre-existing population-based anthropometric data obtained from household surveys and research groups. It contained data collected between 1995 and 2012 on 1 263 119 individuals (909 368 female, 353 751 male) older than 14 days and younger than 50 years in 64 malaria-endemic countries....
article 2015
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Bosgra, S. (author), Westerhout, J. (author)
In the EU collaborative project ChemScreen an alternative, in vitro assay-based test strategy was developed to screen compounds for reproductive toxicity. A toxicokinetic modeling approach was used to allow quantitative comparison between effective concentrations in the in vitro test battery and observations of developmental toxicity in vivo....
article 2015
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van Avesaat, M. (author), Troost, F.J. (author), Ripken, D. (author), Peters, J. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Masclee, A.A.M. (author)
Background: Taste receptors are expressed not only in taste buds but also in the gastrointestinal tract. It has been hypothesized that these receptors may play a role in satiety and food intake. Objective: This study investigated the effect of intraduodenal tastant infusions (bitter, sweet, and umami) on food intake, hunger and fullness,...
article 2015
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Liang, W. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), Mulder, P. (author), van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), Verheij, J. (author), van Dam, A.D. (author), Boon, M.R. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), van den Hoek, A.M. (author)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Salsalate (salicylsalicylic acid) is an anti-inflammatory drug that was recently found to exert beneficial metabolic effects on glucose and lipid metabolism. Although its utility in the prevention and management of a wide range of vascular disorders, including type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome has been suggested...
article 2015
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Johnson, D. (author), Carter, M.D. (author), Crow, B.S. (author), Isenberg, S.L. (author), Graham, L.A. (author), Erol, H.A. (author), Watson, C.M. (author), Pantazides, B.G. (author), van der Schans, M.J. (author), Langenberg, J.P. (author), Noort, D. (author), Blake, T.A. (author), Thomas, J.D. (author), Johnson, R.C. (author)
Tri-ortho-cresyl phosphate (ToCP) is an anti-wear, flame retardant additive used in industrial lubricants, hydraulic fluids and gasoline. The neurotoxic effects of ToCP arise from the liver-activated metabolite 2-(o-cresyl)-4H-1,3,2-benzodioxaphosphoran-2-one (cresyl saligenin phosphate or CBDP), which inhibits esterase enzymes including...
article 2015
Searched for: subject:"controlled%5C+study"
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