Searched for: subject%3A%22central%255C%2Bnervous%255C%2Bsystem%22
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Kastelein, R.A. (author), Helder-Hoek, L. (author), Cornelisse, S.A. (author), von Benda-Beckmann, A.M. (author), Lam, F.P.A. (author), de Jong, C.A.F. (author), Ketten, D.R. (author)
Noise-induced temporary hearing threshold shift (TTS) was studied in a harbor porpoise exposed to impulsive sounds of scaled-down airguns while both stationary and free-swimming for up to 90 min. In a previous study, ∼4 dB TTS was elicited in this porpoise, but despite 8 dB higher single-shot and cumulative exposure levels (up to 199 dB re 1...
article 2020
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van den Berg, S.A.A. (author), Heemskerk, M.M. (author), Geerling, J.J. (author), van Klinken, J.B. (author), Schaap, F.G. (author), Bijland, S. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), van Harmelen, V.J.A. (author), Pronk, A.C.M. (author), Schreurs, M. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author)
Mutations in apolipoprotein A5 (APOA5) have been associated with hypertriglyceridemia in humans and mice. This has been attributed to a stimulating role for APOA5 in lipoprotein lipase-mediated triglyceride hydrolysis and hepatic clearance of lipoprotein remnant particles. However, because of the low APOA5 plasma abundance, we investigated an...
article 2013
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Gaubius Instituut TNO (author), Coomans, C.P. (author), Geerling, J.J. (author), Guigas, B. (author), van den Hoek, A.M. (author), Parlevliet, E.T. (author), Ouwens, D.M. (author), Pijl, H. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author)
Insulin signaling in the central nervous system (CNS) is required for the inhibitory effect of insulin on glucose production. Our aim was to determine whether the CNS is also involved in the stimulatory effect of circulating insulin on the tissue-specific retention of fatty acid (FA) from plasma. In wild-type mice, hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic...
article 2011
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Coomans, C.P. (author), Biermasz, N.R. (author), Geerling, J.J. (author), Guigas, B. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author)
OBJECTIVE - Insulin inhibits endogenous glucose production (EGP) and stimulates glucose uptake in peripheral tissues. Hypothalamic insulin signaling is required for the inhibitory effects of insulin on EGP. We examined the contribution of central insulin signaling on circulating insulin-stimulated tissue-specific glucose uptake. RESEARCH DESIGN...
article 2011
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McKee, R.H. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Owen, D.E. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This article reports the results of neurobehavioral tests on representative aromatic constituents, specifically C<sub>9</sub> to C<sub>11</sub> species. The testing evaluated effects in several domains including clinical effects, motor activity, functional observations, and visual discrimination performance. Exposures ranging from 600 to 5000 mg...
article 2010
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Hissink, A.M. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), Kruse, J. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), Verwei, M. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Mckee, R.H. (author), Owen, D.E. (author), Sweeney, L.M. (author), Salmon, F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This report describes a physiologically based pharmacokinetic model for cyclohexane and its use in comparing internal doses in rats and volunteers following inhalation exposures. Parameters describing saturable metabolism of cyclohexane are measured in rats and used along with experimentally determined partition coefficients. The model is...
article 2009
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Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Emmen, H.H. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Hoogendijk, E.M.G. (author), McKee, R.H. (author), Owen, D.E. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The neurobehavioral effects of inhaled cyclohexane in rats and humans are investigated to define relationships between internal doses and acute central nervous system effects. Rats are exposed for 3 consecutive days at target concentrations of 0, 1.4, 8, and 28 g/m3, 8 h/d. Measurements include standardized observational measures, spontaneous...
article 2009
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Hogervorst, J.G.F. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), Konings, E.J.M. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Acrylamide is a probable human carcinogen, which is present in several heat-treatedfood s. In epidemiologic studies, positive associations with endometrial, ovarian, and renal cell cancer risk have been observed. The incidence of central nervous system tumors was increased upon acrylamide administration in drinking water to rats. In...
article 2009
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van Noort, J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Stress proteins or heat shock proteins (HSPs) are ubiquitous cellular components that have long been known to act as molecular chaperones. By assisting proper folding and transport of proteins, and by assisting in the degradation of aberrant proteins, they play key roles in cellular metabolism. The frequent accumulation of insoluble protein...
article 2008
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TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author), van Vliet, S.A.M. (author), Jongsma, M.J. (author), Vanwersch, R.A.P. (author), Olivier, B. (author), Philippens, I.H.C.H.M. (author)
article 2008
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Hissink, A.M. (author), Krüse, J. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), Verwei, M. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Salmon, F. (author), Leenheers, L.H. (author), Owen, D.E. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), McKee, R.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
As part of a project designed to develop a framework for extrapolating acute central nervous system (CNS) effects of hydrocarbon solvents in animals to humans, experimental studies were conducted in rats and human volunteers in which acute CNS effects were measured and toxicokinetic data were collected. A complex hydrocarbon solvent, white...
article 2007
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van Noort, J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) that play key roles in inflammation are also widely expressed in the CNS. While they are well known to activate inflammatory responses to microbial products, TLRs fulfill additional roles in the absence of infection. Emerging evidence suggests that several TLRs play a role in CNS development during fetal life and in...
article 2007
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Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Emmen, H.H. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Hoogendijk, E.M.G. (author), McKee, R.H. (author), Owen, D.E. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To evaluate the neurobehavioral effects of hydrocarbon solvents and to establish a working model for extrapolating animal test data to humans, studies were conducted which involved inhalation exposure of rats and humans to white spirit (WS). The specific objectives of these studies were to evaluate the behavioral effects of exposure to WS in...
article 2007
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Verbeek, R. (author), van Dongen, H. (author), Wawrousek, E.F. (author), Amor, S. (author), van Noort, J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
While myelin-reactive T cells are widely believed to play a pathogenic role in multiple sclerosis (MS), no substantial differences appear to exist in T-cell responses to myelin antigens between MS patients and healthy subjects. As an example, indistinguishable peripheral T-cell responses and serum antibody levels have been found in MS patients...
article 2007
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Ousman, S.S. (author), Tomooka, B.H. (author), van Noort, J.M. (author), Wawrousek, E.F. (author), O'Conner, K. (author), Hafler, D.A. (author), Sobel, R.A. (author), Robinson, W.H. (author), Steinman, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
αB-crystallin (CRYAB) is the most abundant gene transcript present in early active multiple sclerosis lesions, whereas such transcripts are absent in normal brain tissue. This crystallin has anti-apoptotic and neuroprotective functions. CRYAB is the major target of CD4+ T-cell immunity to the myelin sheath from multiple sclerosis brain. The...
article 2007
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McKee, R.H. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Hoogendijk, E.M.G. (author), Emmen, H.H. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Barsotti, D.A. (author), Owen, D.E. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
As a preliminary step to evaluating the acute neurobehavioral effects of hydrocarbon solvents and to establish a working model for extrapolating animal test data to humans, joint neurobehavioral/toxicokinetic studies were conducted which involved administering ethanol to rats and volunteers. The specific objectives of the present studies were to...
article 2006
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TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author), van Vliet, S.A.M. (author), Jongsma, M.J. (author), Vanwersch, R.A.P. (author), Olivier, B. (author), Philippens, I.H.C.H.M. (author)
Rationale: Modafinil is increasingly used in sleep disturbances in general and in neurodegenerative diseases and is recently being used in healthy people for attention control. However, the application of modafinil is possibly not only restricted to alertness enhancing effects. More insight in this compound may lead to new applications. Not all...
article 2006
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Wang, C. (author), Chou, Y.K. (author), Rich, C.M. (author), Link, J.M. (author), Afentoulis, M.E. (author), van Noort, J.M. (author), Wawrousek, E.F. (author), Offner, H. (author), van den Bark, A.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Alpha B-crystallin (αB) is a small heat shock protein that is strongly up-regulated in multiple sclerosis (MS) brain tissue, and can induce strong T cell responses. Assessing a potential encephalitogenic function for αB protein in MS and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) has been challenging due to its ubiquitous expression that...
article 2006
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Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), Bessems, J.G.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The health risks of inhalation exposure to volatile organic solvents may not only depend on the total external dose, but also on the pattern of exposure. It has been suggested that exposure to regularly occurring peak concentrations may have a stronger impact on the brain than constant exposure at the same average level. Recent animal...
article 2005
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Luca, M.E. (author), Kel, J.M. (author), van Rijs, W. (author), Drijfhout, J.W. (author), Koning, F. (author), Nagelkerken, L. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
SJL mice immunized with mannosylated (M-) PLP139-151 in complete adjuvant do not develop EAE and little CNS mononuclear cell infiltration; other mannosylated peptides were ineffective in this experimental setting. Despite apparently normal T cell responses, M-PLP139-151-immunized mice show impaired delayed-type-sensitivity to PLP139-151 but a...
article 2005
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