Searched for: subject:"carbohydrate%5C+intake"
(1 - 17 of 17)
document
Livingstone, K.M. (author)
Risk variants of fat mass and obesity-associated (FTO) gene have been associated with increased obesity. However, the evidence for associations between FTO genotype and macronutrient intake has not been reviewed systematically. Our aim was to evaluate the potential associations between FTO genotype and intakes of total energy, fat, carbohydrate...
article 2015
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Minihane, A.M. (author), Vinoy, S. (author), Russell, W.R. (author), Baka, A. (author), Roche, H.M. (author), Tuohy, K.M. (author), Teeling, J.L. (author), Blaak, E.E. (author), Fenech, M. (author), Vauzour, D. (author), McArdle, H.J. (author), Kremer, B.H.A. (author), Sterkman, L. (author), Vafeiadou, K. (author), Benedetti, M.M. (author), Williams, C.M. (author), Calder, P.C. (author)
The importance of chronic low-grade inflammation in the pathology of numerous age-related chronic conditions is now clear. An unresolved inflammatory response is likely to be involved from the early stages of disease development. The present position paper is the most recent in a series produced by the International Life Sciences Institute's...
article 2015
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Molag, M.L. (author), de Vries, J.H.M. (author), Duif, N. (author), Ocké, M.C. (author), Dagnelie, P.C. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van 't Veer, P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The authors automated the selection of foods in a computer system that compiles and processes tailored FFQ. For the selection of food items, several methods are available. The aim of the present study was to compare food lists made by MOM2, which identifies food items with highest between-person variance in intake of the nutrients of interest...
article 2010
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Koppes, L.L.J. (author), Boon, N. (author), Nooyens, A.C.J. (author), van Mechelen, W. (author), Saris, W.H.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The distribution of the four macronutrients is associated with energy intake and body fatness according to short-term interventions. The present study involves macronutrient distribution in relation to energy intake and body fatness over a period of 23 years in individuals who have ad libitum access to food. Eight follow-up measurements have...
article 2009
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van den Heuvel, E.G.H.M. (author), Muijs, T. (author), Brouns, F. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Consumption of fructo-oligosaccharides (FOS) has been shown to improve mineral absorption in the short term, but no long-term effects were studied in girls with a low calcium intake. Therefore, we hypothesized that short- and long-term consumption of short-chain FOS (sc-FOS) improves calcium and magnesium absorption in girls with a low habitual...
article 2009
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Heinen, M.M. (author), Verhage, B.A.J. (author), Lumey, L.H. (author), Brants, H.A.M. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Recent studies of pancreatic cancer suggest a role for hyperinsulinemia in carcinogenesis. Because insulin is secreted in response to elevated blood glucose concentrations, dietary factors that increase these concentrations may be important in pancreatic carcinogenesis. Objective: The objective was to examine prospectively the...
article 2008
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Blom, W.A.M. (author), Lluch, A. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), Vinoy, S. (author), Holst, J.J. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: The most satiating macronutrient appears to be dietary protein. Few studies have investigated the effects of dietary protein on ghrelin secretion in humans. Objective: This study was designed to investigate whether a high-protein (HP) breakfast is more satiating than a high-carbohydrate breakfast (HC) through suppression of...
article 2006
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Balder, H.F. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The objective of this article was to study the association between dietary patterns and lung cancer incidence in the Netherlands Cohort Study on Diet and Cancer. The baseline measurement of this prospective case cohort study that was completed by 58,279 men in 1986 included a self-administered questionnaire on dietary intake, smoking habits, and...
article 2005
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Lambert, J. (author), Agostoni, C. (author), Elmadfa, I. (author), Hulshof, K. (author), Krause, E. (author), Livingstone, B. (author), Socha, P. (author), Pannemans, D. (author), Samartín, S. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The objective of this project was to collect and evaluate data on nutrient intake and status across Europe and to ascertain whether any trends could be identified. Surveys of dietary intake and status were collected from across Europe by literature search and personal contact with country experts. Surveys that satisfied a defined set of criteria...
article 2004
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Vermunt, S.H.F. (author), Pasman, W.J. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Weight reduction programmes are mainly focused on reducing intake of fat and sugar. In this review we have evaluated whether the replacement of dietary (added) sugar by low-energy sweeteners or complex carbohydrates contributes to weight reduction. In two experimental studies, no short-term differences in weight loss were observed after use of...
article 2003
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Vente-Spreeuwenberg, M.A.M. (author), Verdonk, J.M.A.J. (author), Verstegen, M.W.A. (author), Beynen, A.C. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The present study was designed to evaluate the differential effects of dietary glucose, lactose and starch on small-intestinal morphology, organ weights, pH of chyme and haptoglobin levels in blood plasma of weaned piglets. It was hypothesised that lactose consumption would ameliorate the weaning-induced decrease in gut integrity. A total of...
article 2003
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van Loon, L.J.C. (author), Kruijshoop, M. (author), Verhagen, H. (author), Saris, W.H.M. (author), Wagenmakers, A.J.M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
To optimize the postexercise insulin response and to increase plasma amino acid availability, we studied postexercise insulin levels after the ingestion of carbohydrate and wheat protein hydrolysate with and without free leucine and phenylalanine. After an overnight fast, eight male cyclists visited our laboratory on five occasions, during which...
article 2000
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Markus, C.R. (author), Panhuysen, G. (author), Jonkman, L.M. (author), Bachman, M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Cognitive performance has been found to decline after exposure to stress, particularly in stress-prone subjects. The present study investigated whether a carbohydrate-rich, protein-poor (CR/PP) diet, which may enhance cerebral serotonin function in stress-prone subjects due to increases in the available tryptophan, improves the performance of...
article 1999
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Klipstein-Grobusch, K. (author), Witteman, J.C.M. (author), den Breeijen, J.H. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Hofman, A. (author), de Jong, P.T.V.M. (author), Pols, H.A. (author), Grobbee, D.E. (author)
Objective: Description and application of an adapted semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (SFFQ) for dietary assessment in the elderly population of the Rotterdam Study. Design: Dietary assessment consisting of a two-step approach was performed in 5434 participants (2225 men, 3029 women) of the Rotterdam Study from 1990 to 1993, a...
article 1999
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Löwik, M.R.H. (author), Hulshof, K.F.A.M. (author), van der Heijden, L.J.M. (author), Brussaard, J.H. (author), Burema, J. (author), Kistemaker, C. (author), de Vries, P.J.F. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
From April 1987-March 1988, the first Dutch National Food Consumption Survey (DNFCS) was carried out among 2203 households comprising 5898 subjects, aged 1-85. In 1992 (January-December) the second DNFCS was conducted among 6218 subjects, aged 1-92 belonging to 2475 households. In both surveys, among other things, information on individual food...
article 1998
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van Dokkum, W. (author), van Boxtel, L.B.J. (author), van Dijk, M.J. (author), Boer, L.C. (author), van der Beek, E.J. (author), TNO Voeding TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
Background: The increased threat of nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) weapons underlines the need of protective clothing and gas masks, but this may impair performance. Thus, attention should be focused on the nutritional requirements. Hypothesis: Optimal performance is guaranteed if the supply of water and energy is adequate. Methods: Two...
article 1996
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Grootenhuis, P.A. (author), Westenbrink, S. (author), Sie, C.M.T.L. (author), de Neeling, J.N.D. (author), Kok, F.J. (author), Bouter, L.M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
A self-administered semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire including 75 food items and providing information on the habitual intake of 31 nutritional parameters, based on the intake of protein, fat, carbohydrate, fiber and 11 vitamins and minerals, was developed for use in epidemiologic research on chronic disease among the elderly, such...
article 1995
Searched for: subject:"carbohydrate%5C+intake"
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