Searched for: subject%3A%22car%255C%2Bdriving%22
(1 - 16 of 16)
document
Kuiper, O.X. (author), Bos, J.E. (author), Diels, C. (author), Cammaerts, K. (author)
We investigated whether motion sickness analogous to carsickness can be studied in a moving base simulator, despite the limited motion envelope. Importantly, to avoid simulator sickness, vision outside the simulator cabin was restricted. Participants (N = 16) were exposed blindfolded to 15-min lateral sinusoidal motion at 0.2 Hz and 0.35 Hz on...
article 2019
document
Hiemstra-van Mastrigt, S. (author), Kamp, I. (author), van Veen, S.A.T. (author), Vink, P. (author), Bosch, T. (author)
New technologies have led to an increasingly sedentary lifestyle. Sedentary behaviour is characterised by physical inactivity and is associated with several health risks. This excessive sitting does not only take place in the office or at home, but also during daily commute. Therefore, BMW AG developed an active seating system for the back seat...
article 2015
document
van Rooij, L. (author), Elrofai, H.B.H. (author), Philippens, M.M.G.M. (author), Daanen, H.A.M. (author)
It is important to understand human kinematics and muscle activation patterns in emergency maneuvers for the design of safety systems and for the further development of human models. The objective of this study was to quantify kinematic behavior and muscle activation in simulated steering tests in several realistic conditions. In total 108 tests...
article 2013
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de Croon, E.M. (author), Sluiter, J.K. (author), Blonk, R.W.B. (author), Broersen, J.P.J. (author), Frings-Dresen, M.H.W. (author)
Based on a model that combines existing organizational stress theory and job transition theory, this 2-year longitudinal study examined antecedents and consequences of turnover among Dutch truck drivers. For this purpose, self-reported data on stressful work (job demands and control), psychological strain (need for recovery after work and...
article 2004
document
Verver, M.M. (author), van Hoof, J.F.A.M. (author), Oomens, C.W.J. (author), van de Wouw, N. (author), Wismans, J.S.H.M. (author)
Objective. This paper describes the prediction of spinal forces in car occupants during vertical vibrations using a numerical multi-body occupant model. Background. An increasing part of the population is exposed to whole body vibrations in vehicles. In literature, vertical vibrations and low back pain are often related to each other. The cause...
article 2003
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Vos, J.J. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
Background: In the 1920s and 1930s, disability glare was a topic of great interest in the Commission Internationale de l'Éclairage (CIE). The Second World War prevented agreement being reached on a standard to quantify disability glare but the Stiles-Holladay formula was widely accepted as such. In 1983, CIE started a new effort to develop a CIE...
article 2003
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van Winsum, W. (author), Brookhuis, K.A. (author), de Waard, D. (author), TNO Human Factors Research Institute (author)
Three experiments are presented in which the accuracy of different methods to approximate time-to-line crossing is assessed. In the first experiment TLC was computed, using a trigonometric method, during normal driving while the vehicle stayed in lane. The minima of TLC were compared with two approximations and it was found computing TLC as...
article 2000
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Verwey, W.B. (author)
In order to develop a driver-car interface that adapts the presentation of messages generated by in-vehicle information systems to driver workload, two experiments investigated potential determinants of driver visual and mental workload as indicated by performance on two secondary tasks. Experiment 1 suggested that road situation is a major...
article 2000
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van Winsum, W. (author)
18 Subjects were tested in a simulator to assess whether choice of time headway in car-following is related to individual differences in perceptual-motor skills. Drivers with a larger preferred time headway committed larger steering errors while driving on a winding road and were less accurate in maintaining a constant distance to a lead vehicle...
article 1999
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van Winsum, W. (author), Godthelp, J. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
The relation between speed choice and steering performance during curve negotiation was studied in a driving simulator. The hypothesis was that curve radius and steering competence both affect steering error during curve driving, resulting in compensatory speed choice. In this, the control of safety margins was assumed to operate as a regulatory...
article 1996
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Theeuwes, J. (author), Alferdinck, J.W.A.M. (author), TNO Technische Menskunde (author)
The present study investigated the influence of layout factors on the effectiveness of the center high-mounted stop lamp (CHMSL) during day and night conditions. In particular, the study evaluated the effect of a vertical separation between the CHMSL and the horizontal plane of conventional stop lamps and the effect of a single strip of lamps...
article 1995
document
Janssen, W.H. (author)
This paper starts from the assumption that the accident risk run by traffic participants is under their own voluntary control. It then considers the effects to be expected from incentives given to drivers for having fewer accidents or no accidents at all. On the basis of a simple utility model of drivers' preferred risk levels, expected safety...
article 1990
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Janssen, W.H. (author), Tenkink, E. (author), Instituut voor Zintuigfysiologie TNO (author)
Risk-taking behavior by drivers is put within the context of a general model of utility maximization by speed choice. It is shown that so-called "risk homeostasis" is possible only under very restrictive conditions. Under more general conditions, risk compensation can occur; that is, the safety effects expected from engineering measures will be...
article 1988
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Godthelp, J. (author), Käppler, W.D. (author), Instituut voor Zintuigfysiologie TNO (author)
The time-to-line-crossing (TLC) concept has been used as a time-related measure to describe driving strategy. The purpose of this research is to analyze whether TLC might enlarge our understanding of the relationship between vehicle handling characteristics and a driver's looking and lateral control strategy in a straight-lane-keeping task....
article 1988
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Instituut voor Zintuigfysiologie TNO (author), Godthelp, J. (author)
Based on a preview-predictor model, the time-to-line crossing (TLC) description was developed to quantify the potential role of error-neglecting strategies in driving. In a previous study the usefulness of the TLC concept was illustrated for straight lane keeping. In the present analysis TLC was applied to describe steering through a curve. When...
article 1986
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Instituut voor Zintuigfysiologie TNO (author), Godthelp, J. (author)
This paper presents two experiments in which steering a lane-change manoeuvre is analysed as a precognitive control task. The suggestion that the dependence on instantaneous visual feedback is low during such a task was tested by analysing steering performance under conditions both with and without visual occlusion. Steering force served as the...
article 1985
Searched for: subject%3A%22car%255C%2Bdriving%22
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