Searched for: subject%3A%22blood%255C%2Blevel%22
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Suchowerska, A.K. (author), Stokman, G. (author), Palmer, J.T. (author), Coghlan, P.A. (author), Pieterman, E.J. (author), Keijzer, N. (author), Lambert, G. (author), Chemello, K. (author), Jaafar, A.K. (author), Parmar, J. (author), Yan, L. (author), Tong, Y. (author), Mu, L. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Bonnar, J. (author), Evison, B.J. (author)
Proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibits the clearance of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol (LDL-C) from plasma by directly binding with the LDL receptor (LDLR) and sending the receptor for lysosomal degradation. As the interaction promotes elevated plasma LDL-C levels, and therefore a predisposition to...
article 2022
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Bourgonje, A.R. (author), Offringa, A.K. (author), van Eijk, L.E. (author), Abdulle, A.E. (author), Hillebrands, J.L. (author), van der Voort, P.H.J. (author), van Goor, H. (author), van Hezik, E.J. (author)
Significance: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is one of the three main gasotransmitters that are endogenously produced in humans and are protective against oxidative stress. Recent findings from studies focusing on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), shifted our attention to a...
article 2021
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Kartaram, S. (author), Mensink, M. (author), Teunis, M. (author), Schoen, E. (author), Witte, G. (author), Janssen Duijghuijsen, L. (author), Verschuren, M. (author), Mohrmann, K. (author), M'Rabet, L. (author), Knipping, K. (author), Wittink, H. (author), van Helvoort, A. (author), Garssen, J. (author), Witkamp, R. (author), Pieters, R. (author), van Norren, K. (author)
Background & aims: Plasma citrulline concentration is considered to be a marker for enterocyte metabolic mass and to reflect its reduction as may occur during intestinal dysfunction. Strenuous exercise can act as a stressor to induce small intestinal injury. Our previous studies suggest that this comprises the intestinal ability to produce...
article 2019
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Reijnen, A. (author), Geuze, E. (author), Eekhout, I. (author), Maihofer, A.X. (author), Nievergelt, C.M. (author), Baker, D.G. (author), Vermetten, E. (author)
In order to decrease the risk of developing stress-related disorders after military deployment, biological vulnerability factors should be identified. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a peptide neurotransmitter that is associated with modulation of the stress response. Using the data of two longitudinal prospective cohort studies (N = 892 and N = 2427),...
article 2018
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Zwaveling-Soonawala, N. (author), Trotsenburg, A.S. (author), Verkerk, P.H. (author)
Context. In central hypothyroidism (CeH) free thyroxine (FT4) concentrations are low while TSH concentrations may be low, normal or even slightly elevated due to reduced bioactivity. Congenital CeH (CCeH) may be isolated or part of multiple pituitary hormone deficiency (MPHD). Objective. To test our hypotheses that (1) TSH concentrations have a...
article 2018
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Viester, L. (author), Verhagen, E.A.L.M. (author), Bongers, P.M. (author), van der Beek, A.J. (author)
Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of an individually tailored intervention for improvement in lifestyle behavior, health indicators, and prevention and reduction of overweight among construction workers. Design: Randomized controlled trial. Setting: Various blue-collar departments of a large construction company in the Netherlands....
article 2018
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Rusli, F. (author), Boekschoten, M.V. (author), Borelli, V. (author), Sun, C. (author), Lute, C. (author), Menke, A.L. (author), van den Heuvel, J. (author), Salvioli, S. (author), Franceschi, C. (author), Müller, M. (author), Steegenga, W.T. (author)
Calorie restriction (CR) is a dietary regimen that supports healthy aging. In this study, we investigated the systemic and liver-specific responses caused by a diet switch to a medium-fat (MF) diet in 24-month-old lifelong, CR-exposed mice. This study aimed to increase the knowledge base on dietary alterations of gerontological relevance. Nine...
article 2018
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Fiamoncini, J. (author), Yiorkas, A.M. (author), Gedrich, K. (author), Rundle, M. (author), Alsters, S.I. (author), Roeselers, G. (author), van den Broek, T.J. (author), Clavel, T. (author), Lagkouvardos, I. (author), Wopereis, S. (author), Frost, G. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Blakemore, A.I. (author), Daniel, H. (author)
Bile acids (BA) are signaling molecules with a wide range of biological effects, also identified among the most responsive plasma metabolites in the postprandial state. We here describe this response to different dietary challenges and report on key determinants linked to its interindividual variability. Healthy men and women (n = 72, 62 ± 8 yr,...
article 2017
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Hoeke, G. (author), Wang, Y. (author), van Dam, A.D. (author), Mol, M. (author), Gart, E. (author), Klop, H.G. (author), van den Berg, S.M. (author), Pieterman, E.H. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Groen, A.K. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Berbée, J.F.P. (author), Boon, M.R. (author)
Background and aims Activation of brown adipose tissue (BAT) reduces both hyperlipidemia and atherosclerosis by increasing the uptake of triglyceride-derived fatty acids by BAT, accompanied by formation and clearance of lipoprotein remnants. We tested the hypothesis that the hepatic uptake of lipoprotein remnants generated by BAT activation...
article 2017
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van den Broek, T.J. (author), Kremer, B.H.A. (author), marcondes Rezende, M. (author), Hoevenaars, F.P.M. (author), Weber, P. (author), Hoeller, U. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Wopereis, S. (author)
Background. Vitamins and carotenoids are key micronutrients facilitating the maintenance of health, as evidenced by the increased risk of disease with low intake. Optimal phenotypic flexibility, i.e., the ability to respond to a physiological challenge, is an essential indicator of health status. Therefore, health can be measured by applying a...
article 2017
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van den Broek, T.J. (author), Bakker, G.C.M. (author), Rubingh, C.M. (author), Bijlsma, S. (author), Stroeve, J.H.M. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), Wopereis, S. (author)
Background: A key feature of metabolic health is the ability to adapt upon dietary perturbations. A systemic review defined an optimal nutritional challenge test, the "PhenFlex test" (PFT). Recently, it has been shown that the PFT enables the quantification of all relevant metabolic processes involved in maintaining or regaining homeostasis of...
article 2017
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Raaphorst, R.M. (author), Savolainen, H. (author), Cantore, M. (author), van de Steeg, E. (author), van Waarde, A. (author), Colabufo, N.A. (author), Elsinga, P.H. (author), Lammertsma, A.A. (author), Windhorst, A.D. (author), Luurtsema, G. (author)
Positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) in the blood-brain barrier can be important in neurological diseases where P-gp is affected, such as Alzheimer’s disease. Radiotracers used in the imaging studies are present at very small, nanomolar, concentration, whereas in vitro assays where these tracers are characterized,...
article 2017
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Ripken, D. (author), van Avesaat, M. (author), Troost, F.J. (author), Masclee, A.A. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), Hendriks, H.F. (author)
Background. Activation of the ileal brake by casein induces satiety signals and reduces energy intake. However, adverse effects of intraileal casein administration have not been studied before. These adverse effects may include impaired amino acid digestion, absorption and immune activation. Objective. To investigate the effects of intraileal...
article 2017
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Schoemaker, M.H. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Morrison, M.C. (author), Verheij, J. (author), Salic, K. (author), van Tol, E.A.F. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Wielinga, P.Y. (author)
Background: Obesity frequently associates with the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and atherosclerosis. Chronic inflammation in white adipose tissue (WAT) seems to be an important driver of these manifestations. Objective: This study investigated a combination of an extensively hydrolyzed casein (eHC), docosahexaenoic...
article 2017
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van der Heijden, R.A. (author), Morrison, M.C. (author), Sheedfar, F. (author), Mulder, P. (author), Schreurs, M. (author), Hommelberg, P.P.H. (author), Hofker, M.H. (author), Schalkwijk, C. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Tietge, U.J.F. (author), Koonen, D.P.Y. (author), Heeringa, P. (author)
Background. Naturally occurring substances from the flavanol and anthocyanin family of polyphenols have been proposed to exert beneficial effects in the course of obesity. We hypothesized that their effects on attenuating obesity-induced dyslipidemia as well as the associated inflammatory sequelae especially have health-promoting potential....
article 2016
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Stroeve, J.H.M. (author), Saccenti, E. (author), Bouwman, J. (author), Dane, A. (author), Strassburg, K. (author), Vervoort, J. (author), Hankemeier, T. (author), Astrup, A. (author), Smilde, A.K. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Saris, W.H.M. (author)
Objective: Aim is to predict successful weight loss by metabolic signatures at baseline and to identify which differences in metabolic status may underlie variations in weight loss success. Methods: In DiOGenes, a randomized, controlled trial, weight loss was induced using a low calorie diet (800 kcal) for 8-weeks. Men (N5236) and women (N5431)...
article 2016
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Schrieks, I.C. (author), Heil, A.L. (author), Hendriks, H.F. (author), Mukamal, K.J. (author), Beulens, J.W. (author)
OBJECTIVE: Moderate alcohol consumption is associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes. This reduced risk might be explained by improved insulin sensitivity or improved glycemic status, but results of intervention studies on this relation are inconsistent. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of...
article 2015
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Ripken, D. (author), van der Wielen, N. (author), van der Meulen, J. (author), Schuurman, T. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Koopmans, S.J. (author)
The vagal nerve and gut hormones CCK and GLP-1 play important roles in the control of food intake. However, it is not clear to what extent CCK and GLP-1 increase satiation by stimulating receptors located on abdominal vagal nerve endings or via receptors located elsewhere. This study aimed to further explore the relative contribution of the...
article 2015
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Garner, C.R. (author), Park, K.B. (author), French, N.S. (author), Earnshaw, C. (author), Schipani, A. (author), Selby, A.M. (author), Byrne, L. (author), Siner, S. (author), Crawley, F.P. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author), van Duijn, E. (author), de ligt, R. (author), Varendi, H. (author), Lass, J. (author), Grynkiewicz, G. (author), Maruszak, W. (author), Turner, M.A. (author)
Aims The aims of the study were to compare [14C]-paracetamol ([14C]-PARA) paediatric pharmacokinetics (PK) after administration mixed in a therapeutic dose or an isolated microdose and to develop further and validate accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) bioanalysis in the 0-2 year old age group. Methods [14C]-PARA concentrations in 10-15 μl...
article 2015
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Kühnast, S. (author), van der Tuin, S.J.L. (author), van der Hoorn, J.W.A. (author), van Klinken, J.B. (author), Simic, B. (author), Pieterman, E. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Landmesser, U. (author), Lüscher, T.F. (author), van Dijk, K.W. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author)
Background The residual risk that remains after statin treatment supports the addition of other LDL-C-lowering agents and has stimulated the search for secondary treatment targets. Epidemiological studies propose HDL-C as a possible candidate. Cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) transfers cholesteryl esters from atheroprotective HDL to...
article 2015
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