Searched for: subject:"attention"
(1 - 20 of 116)

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Kooi, F.L. (author), Toet, A. (author), Hoogervorst, M.A. (author), Bijl, P. (author)
While AR has successfully been deployed in the military air domain for decades, its use in the ground domain poses serious challenges. Some of these challenges result from technological limitations. However, others are more difficult or even impossible to resolve since they reflect fundamental human characteristics. The toughest-to-solve...
conference paper 2021
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Marques-Carneiro, J.E. (author), Polgari, P. (author), Koning, E. (author), Seyller, E. (author), Martin, B. (author), van der Burg, E. (author), Giersch, A. (author)
Learning and imitating a complex motor action requires to visually follow complex movements, but conscious perception seems too slow for such tasks. Recent findings suggest that visual perception has a higher temporal resolution at an unconscious than at a conscious level. Here we investigate whether high-temporal resolution in visual perception...
article 2020
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Pereira, A. (author), Oertel, C. (author), Fermoselle, L.I. (author), Mendelson, J. (author), Gustafson, J. (author)
We previously introduced a responsive joint attention system that uses multimodal information from users engaged in a spatial reasoning task with a robot and communicates joint attention via the robot's gaze behavior [25]. An initial evaluation of our system with adults showed it to improve users' perceptions of the robot's social presence. To...
conference paper 2020
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Kleinknecht, R. (author), Haq, H.U. (author), Muller, A.R. (author), Kraan, K.O. (author)
Debates about short-termism in business tend to center around the role of shareholder pressures and managers’ incentives, while the role of organizational structure remains understudied. In our paper, we adopt an attention-based lens to elucidate the role of organizational structure in directing the attention of management towards pressures for...
article 2020
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van Beers, J.J. (author), Stuldreher, I.V. (author), Thammasan, N. (author), Brouwer, A.M. (author)
Measuring concurrent changes in autonomic physiological responses aggregated across individuals (Physiological Synchrony - PS) can provide insight into group-level cognitive or emotional processes. Utilizing cheap and easy-to-use wearable sensors to measure physiology rather than their high-end laboratory counterparts is desirable. Since it is...
conference paper 2020
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Munneke, J.E. (author), Corbett, J. (author), van der Burg, E. (author)
While numerous studies have provided evidence for selection history as a robust influence on attentional allocation, it is unclear precisely which behavioral factors can result in this form of attentional bias. In the current study, we focus on “learned prioritization” as an underlying mechanism of selection history and its effects on selective...
article 2020
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Saad, E. (author), Broekens, D.J. (author), Neerincx, M.A. (author), Hindriks, K.V. (author)
This paper presents the design and evaluation of human-like welcoming behaviors for a humanoid robot to draw the attention of passersby by following a three-step model: (1) selecting a target (person) to engage, (2) executing behaviors to draw the target's attention, and (3) monitoring the attentive response. A computer vision algorithm was...
conference paper 2019
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Lu, Z. (author), Zhang, B. (author), Feldhütter, A. (author), Happee, R. (author), Martens, M. (author), de Winter, J.C.F. (author)
In conditionally automated driving, drivers do not have to monitor the road, whereas in partially automated driving, drivers have to monitor the road permanently. We evaluated a dynamic allocation of monitoring tasks to human and automation by providing a monitoring request (MR) before a possible take-over request (TOR), with the aim to better...
article 2019
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Cass, J. (author), van der Burg, E. (author)
Numerous studies have shown that visual performance critically depends on the stimulus’ projected retinal location. For example, performance tends to be better along the horizontal relative to the vertical meridian (lateral anisotropy). Another case is the so-called upper-lower anisotropy, whereby performance is better in the upper relative to...
article 2019
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van der Burg, E. (author), Cass, J. (author), Theeuwes, T. (author)
In this study we investigated under what conditions motion direction changes pop out in continuously moving target/distractor environments. Participants were presented with vertically oriented Gabor patches whose carrier components drifted at a constant speed from left to right and then reversed direction. On any given trial, one of these...
article 2019
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van den Dries, M.A. (author), Guxens, M. (author), Pronk, A. (author), Spaan, S. (author), El Marroun, H. (author), Jusko, T.A. (author), Longnecker, M.P. (author), Ferguson, K.K. (author), Tiemeier, H. (author)
Background: Prenatal exposure to organophosphate (OP) pesticides has been associated with altered neuronal cell development and behavioral changes in animal offspring. However, the few studies investigating the association between prenatal OP pesticide exposure and neurodevelopmental outcomes such as Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder ...
article 2019
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Brouwer, A.M. (author), Stuldreher, I.V. (author), Thammasan, N. (author)
Monitoring directed auditory attention in groups can be helpful in a range of contexts. Concurrent change in physiological variables across multiple listeners (physiological synchrony – PS) may be a suitable marker of attentional focus as caused by shared affective or cognitive processes. We here determine PS for EEG (electroencephalography),...
conference paper 2019
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van de Weijgert, M. (author), van der Burg, E. (author), Donk, M. (author)
The aim of the present study was to investigate how display density affects attentional guidance in heterogeneous search displays. In Experiment 1 we presented observers with heterogeneous sparse and dense search displays which were adaptively changed over the course of the experiment using genetic algorithms. We generated random displays, and...
article 2019
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Louizos, C. (author), Welling, M. (author), Kingma, D.P. (author)
We propose a practical method for L0 norm regularization for neural networks:pruning the network during training by encouraging weights to become exactly zero. Such regularization is interesting since (1) it can greatly speed up training and inference, and (2) it can improve generalization. AIC and BIC, well-known model selection criteria, are...
conference paper 2018
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van Lier, H.G. (author), Pieterse, M.E. (author), Schraagen, J.M.C. (author), Postel, M.G. (author), Volenbroek-Hutten, M.M.R. (author), de Haan, H.A. (author), Noordzij, M.L. (author)
Background: Substance use is known to be episodic, dynamic, complex, and highly influenced by the environment, therefore a situational and momentary focus to alcohol craving research is appropriate. Current advances in mobile and wearable technology provide novel opportunities for craving research. However, the lack of consensus within craving...
article 2018
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Kong, G. (author), Alais, D. (author), van der Burg, E. (author)
We investigated orientation categories in the guidance of attention in visual search. In the first two experiments, participants had a limited amount of time to find a target line among distractors lines. We systematically varied the orientation of the target and the angular difference between the target and distractors. We find vertical,...
article 2017
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Kong, G. (author), Alais, D. (author), van der Burg, E.D. (author)
article 2017
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Kong, G. (author), Alais, D. (author), van der Burg, E.D. (author)
In the present study, we examine how observers search among complex displays. Participants were asked to search for a big red horizontal line among 119 distractor lines of various sizes, orientations and colours, leading to 36 different feature combinations. To understand how people search in such a heterogeneous display, we evolved the search...
article 2016
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Bronkhorst, A.W. (author)
How do we recognize what one person is saying when others are speaking at the same time? This review summarizes widespread research in psychoacoustics, auditory scene analysis, and attention, all dealing with early processing and selection of speech, which has been stimulated by this question. Important effects occurring at the peripheral and...
article 2015
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Ettwig, J.F. (author), Bronkhorst, A.W. (author)
In four experiments, we studied the time course of interference between detection of an oddball orientation target (OT) in an 8-item circular search display, and identification of a letter target (LT) in a central stream of distractor letters. Dual-task performance for different temporal lags between targets was compared to single-task...
article 2015
Searched for: subject:"attention"
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