Searched for: subject%3A%22Vehicles%22
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Al-Saadi, M. (author), Mathes, M. (author), Käsgen, J. (author), Koffrie, R. (author), Mayrock, M. (author), van Mierlo, J. (author), Berecibar, M. (author)
This work presents three demos, which include Electric Buses (EBs) from four various brands with lengths of 12 m and 18 m and an Electric Truck (E-truck) for refuse collection. The technical operation of these EVs were analyzed to implement further operational cost optimization on the demo vehicles. The Electric Vehicles (EVs) were tested...
article 2022
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de Gelder, E. (author), Paardekooper, J.P. (author), Saberi, A.K. (author), Elrofai, H. (author), op den Camp, O.M.G.C. (author), Kraines, S. (author), Ploeg, J. (author), de Schutter, B. (author)
The development of new assessment methods for the performance of automated vehicles is essential to enable the deployment of automated driving technologies, due to the complex operational domain of automated vehicles. One contributing method is scenario-based assessment in which test cases are derived from real-world road traffic scenarios...
conference paper 2022
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Geurts, M. (author), Hogema, J. (author), Silvas, E. (author), Souman, J. (author), Rahman, A. (author), Hiller, J. (author)
To develop safe automated driving functions, knowing road-user’s lane change behaviour is critical. This detection problem may depend on multiple aspects such as road conditions, location, and weather. To understand the effect of these situational variables, this work introduces a lane change detection algorithm and assessed its performance...
conference paper 2022
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de Gelder, E. (author), Hof, J. (author), Cator, E. (author), Paardekooper, J. (author), Camp, O.O.D. (author), Ploeg, J. (author), de Schutter, B. (author)
The development of assessment methods for the performance of Automated Vehicles (AVs) is essential to enable the deployment of automated driving technologies, due to the complex operational domain of AVs. One candidate is scenario-based assessment, in which test cases are derived from real-world road traffic scenarios obtained from driving data....
article 2022
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Ibrahim, A. (author), Goswami, D. (author), Li, H. (author), Basten, T. (author)
Vehicle platooning is an enabler technology for increasing road capacity, improving safety and reducing fuel consumption. Platoon control is a two-layered system where each layer runs under a different communication standard and rate - (i) the upper-layer operates under a specific V2V communication standard such as IEEE 802.11p and (ii) the...
article 2022
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Kupper, F. (author), Mentink, P. (author), Avramis, N. (author), Meima, N. (author), Lazovik, E. (author), Wilkins, S. (author), Willems, F. (author)
Self-learning energy management is a promising concept, which optimizes real-world system performance by automated, on-line adaptation of control settings. In this work, the potential of self-learning capabilities related to optimization is studied for energy management in Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEV). These vehicles are of great...
conference paper 2022
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Diels, C. (author), Ye, Y. (author), Bos, J.E. (author), Maeda, S. (author)
Motion sickness in automated vehicles (AVs) represents a key Human Factors concern that will negatively impact the passenger experience and, ultimately, public acceptance. Minimizing or avoiding motion sickness altogether, therefore, becomes a strategic design goal. In this article we propose principal research questions that need to be...
article 2022
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van der Tuin, M.S. (author), Spruijtenburg, S.D. (author), Zhou, H. (author)
Demand Responsive Transit (DRT) can complement the future mobility system by providing additional point-to-point connections based on requests of the users. As a consequence, the liveability of a city might decrease when DRT vehicles introduce additional congestion due to deadheading (relocation of vehicles without transporting passengers). The...
conference paper 2022
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Romero, N. (author), van der Linden, K. (author), Morales España, G.A. (author), de Weerdt, M.M. (author)
The power system is undergoing a significant change as it adapts to the intermittency and uncertainty from renewable generation. Flexibility from loads such as electric vehicles (EVs) can serve as reserves to sustain the supply-demand balance in the grid. Some reserve markets have rules for participation that are computationally challenging for...
article 2021
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Paardekooper, J.P. (author), Comi, M. (author), Grappiolo, C. (author), Snijders, R. (author), van Vught, W. (author), Beekelaar, R. (author)
An increasing number of tasks is being taken over from the human driver as automated driving technology is developed. Accidents have been reported in situations where the automated driving technology was not able to function according to specifications. As data-driven Artificial Intelligence (AI) systems are becoming more ubiquitous in automated...
conference paper 2021
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Chiscop, I. (author), Gazdag, A. (author), Bosman, J. (author), Biczók, G. (author)
Multiple attacks have shown that in-vehicle networks have vulnerabilities which can be exploited. Securing the Controller Area Network (CAN) for modern vehicles has become a necessary task for car manufacturers. Some attacks inject potentially large amount of fake messages into the CAN network; however, such attacks are relatively easy to detect...
conference paper 2021
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Madadi, B. (author), van Nes, R. (author), Snelder, M. (author), van Arem, B. (author)
This study focuses on network configurations to accommodate automated vehicles (AVs) on road networks during the transition period to full automation. The literature suggests that dedicated infrastructure for AVs and enhanced infrastructure for mixed traffic (i.e., AVs on the same lanes with conventional vehicles) are the main alternatives so...
article 2021
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Ibrahim, A. (author), Goswami, D. (author), Li, H. (author), Soroa, I.M. (author), Basten, T. (author)
Vehicle platooning has gained attention for its potential to increase road capacity and safety, and higher fuel efficiency. Platoon controls are implemented over Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) wireless communication, in-vehicle networks and Electronic Control Units (ECUs). V2V communication has a low message rate imposed by the V2V standard compared...
article 2021
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Kural, K. (author), van Kempen, E.A. (author), Kraaijenhagen, B. (author), Asp, T. (author), Aarts, L. (author), Wandel, S. (author)
The evolution of the past decades has shown a constant growth of transport demand and mobility. Nowadays, logistic sector contributes considerably to global CO2 emissions, around 90% of which come from freight transport. A feasible approach that may facilitate the deployment of new generation of green and sustainable road freight vehicles,...
conference paper 2021
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de Gelder, E. (author), Cator, E. (author), Paardekooper, J.P. (author), op den Camp, O.M.G.C. (author), de Schutter, B. (author)
The safety assessment of Automated Vehicles (AVs) is an important aspect of the development cycle of AVs. A scenario-based assessment approach is accepted by many players in the field as part of the complete safety assessment. A scenario is a representation of a situation on the road to which the AV needs to respond appropriately. One way to...
conference paper 2021
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Souman, J.L. (author), Adjenughwure, K. (author), van Dam, E. (author), van Weperen, M. (author), Tejada, A. (author)
This report summarizes the findings of the QuaSaR project that TNO conducted for the Netherlands Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management (I&W). The Ministry has asked for this information to determine the feasibility of defining a method to quantitatively assess driving safety that could be applied to driving with automated vehicles....
report 2021
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Souman, J.L. (author), van Weperen, M. (author), van Dam, E. (author)
In this report, an overview of available standards and criteria for the interaction of drivers and other road users with automated driving systems (ADS) and advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS) is provided. We also provide information about ongoing research and relevant research groups. In summarizing the results, we distinguish between...
report 2021
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de Gelder, E. (author), Elrofai, H. (author), Saberi, A.K. (author), Paardekooper, J.-P. (author), Op Den Camp, O. (author), de Schutter, B. (author)
The development of safety validation methods is essential for the safe deployment and operation of Automated Driving Systems (ADSs). One of the goals of safety validation is to prospectively evaluate the risk of an ADS dealing with real-world traffic. ISO 26262 and ISO/DIS 21448, the leading standards in automotive safety, provide an approach to...
article 2021
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Stensrud, R. (author), Valaker, S. (author), Eikelboom, A.R. (author), Mikkelsen, B. (author)
In this paper, we discuss principles for designing collaboration among human and future non-human intelligent collaborators (NICs), focusing on interdependence and emergent dynamics of work flow. We discuss a dynamic coordination concept, where multiple military teams collaborate in support of Joint targeting, (JT) partly (and in some of the...
conference paper 2021
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Madadi, B. (author), van Nes, R. (author), Snelder, M. (author), van Arem, B. (author)
With the advent of automated vehicles (AVs), new infrastructure planning concepts such as subnetworks of AV ready roads have been proposed to improve the performance of transportation networks and to promote the adoption of AVs. However, these subnetworks should evolve over time in response to the growing AV demand, which necessitates a multi...
article 2021
Searched for: subject%3A%22Vehicles%22
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