Searched for: subject:"Urinalysis"
(1 - 20 of 48)

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van den Dries, M.A. (author), Guxens, M. (author), Spaan, S. (author), Ferguson, K.K. (author), Philips, E. (author), Santos, S. (author), Jaddoe, V.W.V. (author), Ghassabian, A. (author), Trasande, L. (author), Tiemeier, H. (author), Pronk, A. (author)
BACKGROUND: Prenatal exposures to phthalates and bisphenols are associated with impaired brain development in animals. However, epidemiological studies investigating the association between prenatal phthalate or bisphenol exposure and cognition have produced mixed findings and mostly had modest sample sizes and measured the exposure during the...
article 2020
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Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Tel, S.L. (author), Hemmes, M.A. (author), Langenkamp-Brand, A. (author), Grossouw, D. (author), Jansen, H.T. (author), de Bie, B.T.H.J. (author)
Background: Worldwide obesity has nearly doubled since 1980 and is a leading risk for global deaths, profoundly affecting morbidity, mortality, health-care costs, and professional and personal quality of life. Treatment of obesity and its consequences include lifestyle intervention, pharmacotherapy, and bariatric surgery. Polyglucosamines have...
article 2016
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Nohynek, G.J. (author), Skare, J.A. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Wehmeyer, K.R. (author), de Bie, A.T.H.J. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author), Dufour, E.K. (author), Fautz, R. (author), Steiling, W. (author), Bramante, M. (author), Toutain, H. (author)
Systemic exposure was measured in humans after hair dyeing with oxidative hair dyes containing 2.0% (A) or 1.0% (B) [14C]-p-phenylenediamine (PPD). Hair was dyed, rinsed, dried, clipped and shaved; blood and urine samples were collected for 48 hours after application. [14C] was measured in all materials, rinsing water, hair, plasma, urine and...
article 2015
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Saccenti, E. (author), Tenori, L. (author), Verbruggen, P. (author), Timmerman, M.E. (author), Bouwman, J. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), Luchinat, C. (author), Smilde, A.K. (author)
Background: Metabolomics has attracted the interest of the medical community for its potential in predicting early derangements from a healthy to a diseased metabolic phenotype. One key issue is the diversity observed in metabolic profiles of different healthy individuals, commonly attributed to the variation of intrinsic (such as (epi)genetic...
article 2014
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Offersen, B.V. (author), Knap, M.M. (author), Horsman, M.R. (author), Verheijen, J. (author), Hanemaaijer, R. (author), Overgaard, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Introduction. Matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9) is an endopeptidase involved in various cellular processes, such as tumour development and metastatic spread. In biological samples, MMP-9 can occur as pro-MMP-9 and active MMP-9, or these factors complexed with the inhibitor TIMP-1. An assay, which can measure active and total MMP-9 in biological...
article 2010
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Vos, P.A.J.M. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Huisman, A.M. (author), Oostveen, J.C.M. (author), Marijnissen, A.C.A. (author), Bijlsma, J.W.J. (author), van El, B. (author), Zuurmond, A.M. (author), Lafeber, F.P.J.G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objectives: Age-related changes in articular cartilage are likely to play a role in the aetiology of osteoarthritis (OA). One of the major age-related changes in cartilage is the accumulation of advanced-glycation-endproducts (AGEs). Since, cartilage tissue is not readily available from patients for studying AGE levels, alternative approaches...
article 2010
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van Spil, W.E. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Lems, W.F. (author), Oostveen, J.C.M. (author), Lafeber, F.P.J.G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Context: Molecules that are released into biological fluids during matrix metabolism of articular cartilage, subchondral bone, and synovial tissue could serve as biochemical markers of the process of osteoarthritis (OA). Unfortunately, actual breakthroughs in the biochemical OA marker field are limited so far. Objective: By reviewing the status...
article 2010
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Willemsen, G. (author), de Geus, E.J.C. (author), Bartels, M. (author), van Beijsterveldt, C.E.M.T. (author), Brooks, A.I. (author), Estourgie-van Burk, G.F. (author), Fugman, D.A. (author), Hoekstra, C. (author), Hottenga, J.-J. (author), Kluft, K. (author), Meijer, P. (author), Montgomery, G.W. (author), Rizzu, P. (author), Sondervan, D. (author), Smit, A.B. (author), Spijker, S. (author), Suchiman, H.E.D. (author), Tischfield, J.A. (author), Lehner, T. (author), Slagboom, P.E. (author), Boomsma, D.I. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In 2004 the Netherlands Twin Register (NTR) started a large scale biological sample collection in twin families to create a resource for genetic studies on health, lifestyle and personality. Between January 2004 and July 2008, adult participants from NTR research projects were invited into the study. During a home visit between 7:00 and 10:00 am...
article 2010
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Brink, E. (author), Coxam, V. (author), Robins, S. (author), Wahala, K. (author), Cassidy, A. (author), Branca, F. (author), KvL (author)
Background: Osteoporosis is a major health problem. It was hypothesized that isoflavone-containing products may be a potential alternative to hormone replacement therapy for preventing bone loss during the menopausal transition. Objective: The objective was to investigate whether the consumption of isoflavone-enriched foods for 1 y affects bone...
article 2008
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van Doorn, M. (author), Vogels, J. (author), Tas, A. (author), van Hoogdalem, E.J. (author), Burggraaf, J. (author), Cohen, A. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Aims: To explore the usefulness of metabolomics as a method to obtain a broad array of biomarkers for the pharmacological effects of rosiglitazone (RSG) in plasma and urine samples from patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and healthy volunteers (HVs). Additionally, we explored the differences in metabolite concentrations between T2DM...
article 2007
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Schoonen, W.G.E.J. (author), Kloks, C.P.A.M. (author), Ploemen, J.P.H.T.M. (author), Horbach, G.J. (author), Smit, M.J. (author), Zandberg, P. (author), Mellema, J.R. (author), van Zuylen, C.T. (author), Tas, A.C. (author), van Nesselrooij, J.H.J. (author), Vogels, J.T.W.E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy of rat urine in combination with pattern recognition analysis was evaluated for early noninvasive detection of toxicity of investigational chemical entities. Bromobenzene (B) and paracetamol (P) were administered at five single oral dosages between 2 and 500 mg/kg and between 6 and 1800 mg/kg,...
article 2007
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Schoonen, W.G.E.J. (author), Kloks, C.P.A.M. (author), Ploemen, J.-P.H.T.M. (author), Smit, M.J. (author), Zandberg, P. (author), Horbach, G.J. (author), Mellema, J.-R. (author), van Zuylen, C.T. (author), Tas, A.C. (author), van Nesselrooij, J.H.J. (author), Vogels, J.T.W.E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A procedure of nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) urinalysis using pattern recognition is proposed for early detection of toxicity of investigational compounds in rats. The method is applied to detect toxicity upon administration of 13 toxic reference compounds and one nontoxic control compound (mianserine) in rats. The toxic compounds are...
article 2007
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Hueber-Becker, F. (author), Nohynek, G.J. (author), Dufour, E.K. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), de Bie, A.T.H.J. (author), Toutain, H. (author), Bolt, H.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
We monitored the exposure of hairdressers to oxidative hair dyes for 6 working days under controlled conditions. Eighteen professional hairdressers (3/day) coloured hairdresser's training heads bearing natural human hair (hair length: approximately 30 cm) for 6 h/working day with a dark-shade oxidative hair dye containing 2% [14C]-para...
article 2007
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Meulenbelt, I. (author), Kloppenburg, M. (author), Kroon, H.M. (author), Houwing-Duistermaat, J.J. (author), Garnero, P. (author), Hellio Le Graverand, M.P. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Slagboom, P.E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: To assess the relation between the urinary concentrations of type II collagen C-telopeptide (UCTX-II) and radiographie signs of osteoarthritis (ROA) in the GARP (Genetics, Arthrosis and Progression) study. Methods: UCTX-II levels were measured in GARP study participants, who are sibling pairs predominantly with symptomatic...
article 2006
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Pronk, A. (author), Yu, F. (author), Vlaanderen, J. (author), Tielemans, E. (author), Preller, L. (author), Bobeldijk, I. (author), Deddens, J.A. (author), Latza, U. (author), Baur, X. (author), Heederik, D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objectives: To study inhalation and dermal exposure to hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) and its oligomers as well as personal protection equipment (PPE) use during task performance in conjunction with urinary hexamethylene diamine (HDA) in car body repair shop workers and industrial spray painters. Methods: Personal task based inhalation samples...
article 2006
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Lina, B.A.R. (author), Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), Suwa, Y. (author), Fujikawa, S. (author), Ishikura, Y. (author), Tsuda, S. (author), Dohnalek, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), such as arachidonic acid (ARA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are natural constituents found in human milk, fish oil or egg yolk. Until recently, infant formulas, though providing the essential fatty acid precursors for these PUFAs, did not contain preformed ARA or DHA. In this study the safety of SUNTGA40S...
article 2006
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Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), Bessems, J.G.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The health risks of inhalation exposure to volatile organic solvents may not only depend on the total external dose, but also on the pattern of exposure. It has been suggested that exposure to regularly occurring peak concentrations may have a stronger impact on the brain than constant exposure at the same average level. Recent animal...
article 2005
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Meuling, W.J. (author), Ravensberg, L.C. (author), Roza, L. (author), van Hemmen, J.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: The methods and results are described of a study on the dermal absorption of chlorpyrifos (CPF) in humans established via urinary excretion of the metabolite 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol (TCP). Methods: Two dermal, single, doses of CPF were applied in two study groups (A and B) each comprising three apparently healthy male volunteers...
article 2005
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Jansen, J.J. (author), Hoefsloot, H.C.J. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), Timmerman, M.E. (author), Smilde, A.K. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Genomics-based technologies in systems biology have gained a lot of popularity in recent years. These technologies generate large amounts of data. To obtain information from this data, multivariate data analysis methods are required. Many of the datasets generated in genomics are multilevel datasets, in which the variation occurs on different...
article 2005
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Heijne, W.H.M. (author), Jonker, D. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Benzene is an industrial chemical, component of automobile exhaust and cigarette smoke. After hepatic bioactivation benzene induces bone marrow, blood and hepatic toxicity. Using a toxicogenomics approach this study analysed the effects of benzene at three dose levels on gene expression in the liver after 28 daily doses. NMR based metabolomics...
article 2005
Searched for: subject:"Urinalysis"
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