Searched for: subject:"Transcription%2C%5C+Genetic"
(1 - 20 of 44)

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Volkers, R.J.M. (author), Ballerstedt, H. (author), Ruijssenaars, H. (author), de Bont, J.A.M. (author), de Winde, J.H. (author), Wery, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Pseudomonas putida S12 is well known for its remarkable solvent tolerance. Transcriptomics analysis of this bacterium grown in toluene-containing chemostats revealed the differential expression of 253 genes. As expected, the genes encoding one of the major solvent tolerance mechanisms, the solvent efflux pump SrpABC and its regulatory genes...
article 2009
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Yuan, X.-L. (author), van der Kaaij, R.M. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), Ram, A.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The filamentous ascomycete Aspergillus niger is well known for its ability to produce a large variety of enzymes for the degradation of plant polysaccharide material. A major carbon and energy source for this soil fungus is starch, which can be degraded by the concerted action of α-amylase, glucoamylase and α-glucosidase enzymes, members of the...
article 2008
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Kort, R. (author), Keijser, B.J. (author), Caspers, M.P.M. (author), Schuren, F.H. (author), Montijn, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: In bacteriology, the ability to grow in selective media and to form colonies on nutrient agar plates is routinely used as a retrospective criterion for the detection of living bacteria. However, the utilization of indicators for bacterial viability-such as the presence of specific transcripts or membrane integrity-would overcome bias...
article 2008
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Nueda, M.J. (author), Conesa, A. (author), Westerhuis, J.A. (author), Hoefsloot, H.C.J. (author), Smilde, A.K. (author), Talón, M. (author), Ferrer, A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Motivation: Designed microarray experiments are used to investigate the effects that controlled experimental factors have on gene expression and learn about the transcriptional responses associated with external variables. In these datasets, signals of interest coexist with varying sources of unwanted noise in a framework of (co)relation among...
article 2007
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Keijser, B.J.F. (author), ter Beek, A. (author), Rauwerda, H. (author), Schuren, F. (author), Montijn, R. (author), van der Spek, H. (author), Brul, S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Bacillus subtilis forms dormant spores upon nutrient depletion. Under favorable environmental conditions, the spore breaks its dormancy and resumes growth in a process called spore germination and outgrowth. To elucidate the physiological processes that occur during the transition of the dormant spore to an actively growing vegetative cell, we...
article 2007
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Kleemann, R. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), Nikolsky, Y. (author), Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Verheij, E.R. (author), Smilde, A.K. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Zadelaar, A.S.M. (author), Smith, G.J. (author), Kaznacheev, V. (author), Nikolskaya, T. (author), Melnikov, A. (author), Hurt-Camejo, E. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Increased dietary cholesterol intake is associated with atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis development requires a lipid and an inflammatory component. It is unclear where and how the inflammatory component develops. To assess the role of the liver in the evolution of inflammation, we treated ApoE* 3Leiden mice with cholesterol-free ...
article 2007
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Pieterse, B. (author), Jellema, R.H. (author), van der Werf, M.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Messenger RNA levels change on a minutes scale due to both degradation and de novo transcription. Consequently, alterations in the transcript profiles that are not representative for the condition of interest are easily introduced during sample harvesting and work-up. In order to avoid these unwanted changes we have validated a - 45°C methanol...
article 2006
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Yuan, X.L. (author), Goosen, C. (author), Kools, H. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), Ram, A.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
As a soil fungus, Aspergillus niger can metabolize a wide variety of carbon sources, employing sets of enzymes able to degrade plant-derived polysaccharides. In this study the genome sequence of A. niger strain CBS 513.88 was surveyed, to analyse the gene/enzyme network involved in utilization of the plant storage polymer inulin, and of sucrose,...
article 2006
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Boerboom, A.M.J.F. (author), Vermeulen, M. (author), van der Woude, H. (author), Bremer, B.I. (author), Lee-Hilz, Y.Y. (author), Kampman, E. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Aarts, J.M.M.J.G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The electrophile-responsive element (EpRE) is a transcriptional enhancer involved in cancer-chemoprotective gene expression modulation by certain food components. Two stably transfected luciferase reporter cell lines were developed, EpRE(hNQO1)-LUX and EpRE(mGST-Ya)-LUX, based on EpRE sequences from the human NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase ...
article 2006
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te Biesebeke, R. (author), van Biezen, N. (author), de Vos, W.M. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Solid-state fermentation (SSF) with Aspergillus oryzae results in high levels of secreted protein. However, control mechanisms of gene expression in SSF have been only poorly studied. In this study we show that both glucoamylase (glaB) and protease (alpA, nptB) genes are highly expressed during surface cultivation on wheat-based solid medium,...
article 2005
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Heijne, W.H.M. (author), Lamers, R.J.A.N. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), van Nesselrooij, J.H.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This study investigated whether integrated analysis of transcriptomics and metabolomics data increased the sensitivity of detection and provided new insight in the mechanisms of hepatotoxicity. Metabolite levels in plasma or urine were analyzed in relation to changes in hepatic gene expression in rats that received bromobenzene to induce acute...
article 2005
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Pieterse, B. (author), Leer, R.J. (author), Schuren, F.H.J. (author), van der Werf, M.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The organic acid lactate is the predominant fermentation product of Lactobacillus plantarum. The undissociated form of this organic acid is a strong growth inhibitor for the organism. Different theories have been postulated to explain the inhibitory effects of lactic acid: (i) toxicity arising from the dissipation of the membrane potential, (ii)...
article 2005
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Heijne, W.H.M. (author), Slitt, A.L. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Groten, J.P. (author), Klaassen, C.D. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Rats were exposed to three levels of bromobenzene, sampled at 6, 24, and 48 h, and liver gene expression profiles were determined to identify dose and time-related changes. Expression of many genes changed transiently, and dependent on the dose. Few changes were identified after 6 h, but many genes were differentially expressed after 24 h, while...
article 2004
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Levasseur, A. (author), Pagès, S. (author), Fierobe, H.-P. (author), Navarro, D. (author), Punt, P. (author), Belaïch, J.-P. (author), Asther, M. (author), Record, E. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
A chimeric enzyme associating feruloyl esterase A (FAEA) from Aspergilhis niger and dockerin from Clostridium thermocellum was produced in A. niger. A completely truncated form was produced when the dockerin domain was located downstream of the FAEA (FAEA-Doc), whereas no chimeric protein was produced when the bacterial dockerin domain was...
article 2004
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Mandard, S. (author), Zandbergen, F. (author), Nguan, S.T. (author), Escher, P. (author), Patsouris, D. (author), Koenig, W. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Bakker, A. (author), Veenman, F. (author), Wahli, W. (author), Müller, M. (author), Kersten, S. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
The fasting-induced adipose factor (FIAF, ANGPTL4, PGAR, HFARP) was previously identified as a novel adipocytokine that was up-regulated by fasting, by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor agonists, and by hypoxia. To further characterize FIAF, we studied regulation of FIAF mRNA and protein in liver and adipose cell lines as well as in...
article 2004
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den Boer, M. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Kuipers, F. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Epidemiological studies in humans, as well as experimental studies in animal models, have shown an association between visceral obesity and dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Recently, attention has been focused on the excessive accumulation of triglycerides (TG) in the liver as part of this syndrome. In this review,...
article 2004
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Al-Sheikh, H. (author), Watson, A.J. (author), Lacey, G.A. (author), Punt, P.J. (author), MacKenzie, D.A. (author), Jeenes, D.J. (author), Pakula, T. (author), Penttilä, M. (author), Alcocer, M.J.C. (author), Archer, D.B. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
We describe a new endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-associated stress response in the filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger. The inhibition of protein folding within the ER leads to cellular responses known collectively as the unfolded protein response (UPR) and we show that the selective transcriptional downregulation of the gene encoding glucoamylase,...
article 2004
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Heijne, W.H.M. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), Slijper, M. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), van Ommen, B. (author)
Toxicogenomics is a novel approach integrating the expression analysis of thousands of genes (transcriptomics) or proteins (proteomics) with classical methods in toxicology. Effects at the molecular level are related to pathophysiological changes of the organisms, enabling detailed comparison of mechanisms and early detection and prediction of...
article 2003
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Kleemann, R. (author), Gervois, P.P. (author), Verschuren, L. (author), Staels, B. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Kooistra, T. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
C-reactive protein (CRP) is a major acute-phase protein in humans. Elevated plasma CRP levels are a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. CRP is predominantly expressed in hepatocytes and is induced by interleukin-1 (IL-1) and IL-6 under inflammatory situations, such as the acute phase. Fibrates are hypolipidemic drugs that act through the...
article 2003
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Burger-Kentischer, A. (author), Goebel, H. (author), Seiler, R. (author), Fraedrich, G. (author), Schaefer, H.E. (author), Dimmeler, S. (author), Kleemann, R. (author), Bernhagen, J. (author), Ihling, C. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Background - Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory response of the arterial wall to injury. Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), a cytokine with potent inflammatory functions, was thus considered to be important in atherosclerotic lesion evolution. Methods and Results - We studied the presence and distribution of MIF...
article 2002
Searched for: subject:"Transcription%2C%5C+Genetic"
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