Searched for: subject%3A%22Traffic%255C%2Bemissions%22
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Jedynska, A. (author), Hoek, G. (author), Wang, M. (author), Eeftens, M. (author), Cyrys, J. (author), Keuken, M. (author), Ampe, C. (author), Beelen, R. (author), Cesaroni, G. (author), Forastiere, F. (author), Cirach, M. (author), de Hoogh, K. (author), de Nazelle, A. (author), Nystad, W. (author), Declercq, C. (author), Eriksen, K.T. (author), Dimakopoulou, K. (author), Lanki, T. (author), Meliefste, K. (author), Nieuwenhuijsen, M.J. (author), Yli-Tuomi, T. (author), Raaschou-Nielsen, O. (author), Brunekreef, B. (author), Kooter, I.M. (author)
Land use regression (LUR) models have been used to model concentrations of mainly traffic-related air pollutants (nitrogen oxides (NOx), particulate matter (PM) mass or absorbance). Few LUR models are published of PM composition, whereas the interest in health effects related to particle composition is increasing. The aim of our study was to...
article 2014
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Keuken, M.P. (author), Jonkers, S. (author), Verhagen, H.L.M. (author), Perez, L. (author), Truëb, S. (author), Okkerse, W.J. (author), Liu, J. (author), Pan, X.C. (author), Zheng, L. (author), Wang, H. (author), Xu, R. (author), Sabel, C.E. (author)
Two traffic scenarios to reduce CO2 emissions from road traffic in two European cities (Basel and Rotterdam) and two Chinese cities (Xi'an and Suzhou) were evaluated in terms of their impact on air quality. The two scenarios, one modelling a reduction of private vehicle kilometres driven by 10% on urban streets and the other modelling the...
article 2014
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Stoelhorst, H. (author), Schrueder, M. (author), Polderdijk, S. (author), Wilmink, I.R. (author), Jonkers, E. (author)
A comprehensive programme of field trials with several new applications of dynamic (or variable) speed limits on motorways was carried out in The Netherlands in the years 2009- 2010. The objective of the programme was to gain more insight into the impact of dynamic, tailor made speed limits on various policy goals. Innovative solutions were...
conference paper 2011
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Keuken, M. (author), van der Denier Gon, H. (author), van der Valk, K. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
From research on PM<sub>2.5</sub> and PM<sub>10</sub> in 2007/2008 in the Netherlands, it was concluded that the coarse fraction (PM<sub>2.5-10</sub>) attributed 60% and 50% respectively, to the urban-regional and street-urban increments of PM<sub>10</sub>. Contrary to Scandinavian and Mediterranean countries which exhibit significant seasonal...
article 2010
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Keuken, M.P. (author), Jonkers, S. (author), Wilmink, I.R. (author), Wesseling, J. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
A speed limit of 80km/h with "strict enforcement" has been introduced in 2005 on zones of urban motorways in The Netherlands with the aim to improve air quality of NO2 and PM10 along these motorways. Strict enforcement means speed control by camera surveillance over the whole trajectory of 2-4km combined with licence plate recognition and...
article 2010
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Keuken, M. (author), Roemer, M. (author), van den Elshout, S. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The annual air quality standard of NO2 is often exceeded in urban areas near heavy traffic locations. Despite significant decrease of NOx emissions in 1986-2005 in the industrial and harbour area near Rotterdam, NO2 concentrations at the urban background remain at the same level since the end of the nineties. Trend analysis of monitoring data...
article 2009
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Denier van der Gon, H.A.C. (author), Appelman, W. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
Large-scale use of leaded gasoline was an important source of the neurotoxin lead in the European environment. After a sequence of regulations on the allowed gasoline lead content and, eventually, a ban on the use of lead additives in gasoline, road transport was no longer considered a source of atmospheric lead. Currently a discrepancy exists...
article 2009
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Kalognomou, E.-A. (author), Mellios, G. (author), Moussiopoulos, N. (author), Larssen, S. (author), Samaras, Z. (author), van den Hout, D. (author), de Leeuw, F. (author), Kukkonen, J. (author), Fiala, J. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
The introduction of local scale analysis in Integrated Assessment Modelling (IAM) requires an evaluation of road transport emission factors and local scale air quality models. The comparison of PM10 and PM2.5 over NOx delta (street level minus background) concentration ratios against emission ratio estimates, confirms the appropriateness of the...
article 2009
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TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author), Ligterink, N.E. (author)
The demand for local and time-dependent emission predictions, in combination with new time-dependent modal-mass and mobile PEMS measurements induced major changes in the VERSIT+ emission model of TNO. The current version is the third, after the second major revision and has two major differences with the previous approach. First, an individual...
article 2009
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Smit, R. (author), Poelman, M. (author), Schrijver, J. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
Does consideration of average speed distributions on roads-as compared to single mean speed-lead to different results in emission modelling of large road networks? To address this question, a post-processing method is developed to predict mean speed distributions using available traffic data from a dynamic macroscopic traffic model (Indy) that...
article 2008
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Mahmod, M.M. (author), van Arem, B. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
Local habitability is coming under increasing pressure from harmful traffic emissions. This emission is strongly correlated to the characteristics and dynamics of traffic: type of vehicle, speed, acceleration and deceleration. This paper investigates the use of integrated road-vehicle systems for environmental objectives. It defines a new...
conference paper 2008
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Fontaras, G. (author), Kouridis, H. (author), Samaras, Z. (author), Elst, D.A.M.M. (author), Gense, N.L.J. (author)
The reduction of CO2 emissions and fuel consumption from road transportation constitutes an important pillar of the EU commitment for implementing the Kyoto Protocol. Efforts to monitor and limit CO2 emissions from vehicles can effectively be supported by the use of vehicle modelling tools. This paper presents the application of such a tool for...
article 2007
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Hulskotte, J.H.J. (author), van der Gon, H.A.C.D. (author), Visschedijk, A.J.H. (author), Schaap, M. (author), TNO Bouw en Ondergrond (author)
In this article we show that brake wear from road traffic vehicles is an important source of atmospheric (participate) copper concentrations in Europe. Consequently, brake wear also contributes significantly to deposition fluxes of copper to surface waters. We estimated the copper emission due to brake wear to be 2.4 kiloton per year. For...
conference paper 2007
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Smit, R. (author), Smokers, R.T.M. (author), Rabé, E.L.M. (author)
The objective of VERSIT+ LD is to predict traffic stream emissions for light-duty vehicles in any particular traffic situation. With respect to hot running emissions, VERSIT+ LD consists of a set of statistical models for detailed vehicle categories that have been constructed using multiple linear regression analysis. The aim is to find...
article 2007
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Dittrich, M.G. (author), van Beek, P.J.G. (author), TNO Industrie en Techniek (author)
Road traffic noise is one of the major environmental noise sources that is known to cause health problems. Despite existing noise reception items, the continuing growth of traffic causes higher levels than the lims allow. Consequently, excessive costs are incurred for noise barriers along roads and motorways. It's therefore essential to...
conference paper 2006
Searched for: subject%3A%22Traffic%255C%2Bemissions%22
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