Searched for: subject:"Tissue%5C+Distribution"
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Wopereis, S. (author), Stroeve, J.H.M. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), Bakker, G.C.M. (author), Burggraaf, J. (author), van Erk, M.J. (author), Pellis, L. (author), Boessen, R. (author), Kardinaal, A.A.F. (author), van Ommen, B. (author)
Background: A key feature of metabolic health is the ability to adapt upon dietary perturbations. Recently, it was shown that metabolic challenge tests in combination with the new generation biomarkers allow the simultaneous quantification of major metabolic health processes. Currently, applied challenge tests are largely non-standardized. A...
article 2017
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Plat, J. (author), de Jong, A. (author), Volger, O.L. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Mensink, R.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Intestinal absorption of plant sterols and stanols is much lower as compared with that of cholesterol; and therefore, serum concentrations are low. Circulating plant sterols and stanols are incorporated into tissues. However, hardly any data are available about tissue distributions of individual plant sterols and stanols, particularly in...
article 2008
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Punt, A. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), Delatour, T. (author), Scholz, G. (author), Boersma, M.G. (author), Schilter, B. (author), van Bladeren, P.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The present study defines a physiologically based biokinetic (PBBK) model for the alkenylbenzene estragole in rat based on in vitro metabolic parameters determined using relevant tissue fractions, in silico derived partition coefficients, and physiological parameters derived from the literature. The model consists of eight compartments including...
article 2008
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Sier, C.F.M. (author), Hawinkels, L.J.A.C. (author), Zijlmans, H.J.M.A.A. (author), Zuidwijk, K. (author), Muller, E.S.M. (author), Ferreira, V. (author), Hanemaaijer, R. (author), Mulder-Stapel, A.A. (author), Kenter, G.G. (author), Verspaget, H.W. (author), Gorter, A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Over-expression of matrilysin (MMP-7) is predominantly associated with epithelial (pre)malignant cells. In the present study MMP-7 expression is also found in endothelial cells in various human cancer types. Endothelial MMP-7 was associated with CD34 and/or CD105 expression. These immunohistochemical data were confirmed by RT-PCR on VEGF...
article 2008
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Hissink, A.M. (author), Krüse, J. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), Verwei, M. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Salmon, F. (author), Leenheers, L.H. (author), Owen, D.E. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), McKee, R.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
As part of a project designed to develop a framework for extrapolating acute central nervous system (CNS) effects of hydrocarbon solvents in animals to humans, experimental studies were conducted in rats and human volunteers in which acute CNS effects were measured and toxicokinetic data were collected. A complex hydrocarbon solvent, white...
article 2007
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Buist, H.E. (author), de Heer, C. (author), van Burgsteden, J.A. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The in vitro dermal absorption kinetics of didecyldimethylammonium chloride (DDAC) was studied after single and multiple exposure. In addition, the influence of biocidal formulations on the absorption of DDAC was investigated. Following dermal exposure to DDAC in aqueous solution, less than 0.5% of the applied dose reached the receptor fluid...
article 2007
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Gray, S.L. (author), Dalla Nora, E. (author), Grosse, J. (author), Manieri, M. (author), Stoeger, T. (author), Medina-Gomez, G. (author), Burling, K. (author), Wattler, S. (author), Russ, A. (author), Yeo, G.S.H. (author), Chatterjee, V.K. (author), O'Rahilly, S. (author), Voshol, P.J. (author), Cinti, S. (author), Vidal-Puig, A. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)γ is a key transcription factor facilitating fat deposition in adipose tissue through its proadipogenic and lipogenic actions. Human patients with dominant-negative mutations in PPARγ display lipodystrophy and extreme insulin resistance. For this reason it was completely unexpected that mice...
article 2006
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de Boer, V.C.J. (author), Dihal, A.A. (author), van der Woude, H. (author), Arts, I.C.W. (author), Wolffram, S. (author), Alink, G.M. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Keijer, J. (author), Hollman, P.C.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Quercetin is a dietary polyphenolic compound with potentially beneficial effects on health. Claims that quercetin has biological effects are based mainly on in vitro studies with quercetin aglycone. However, quercetin is rapidly metabolized, and we have little knowledge of its availability to tissues. To assess the long-term tissue distribution...
article 2005
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Hueber-Becker, F. (author), Nohynek, G.J. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Benech-Kieffer, F. (author), Toutain, H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
We investigated the absorption of a commercial [14C]-PPD- containing oxidative dark-shade hair dye in human volunteers as well as in vitro using human or pig ear skin. The hair of eight male volunteers was cut to a standard length, dyed, washed, dried, clipped and collected. Hair, washing water, materials used in the study and a 24-h scalp wash...
article 2004
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de Groot, J. (author)
Accumulation of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) plays a crucial part in the development of age-related diseases and diabetic complications. AGEs are formed in vivo via the so-called Maillard reaction: a reducing sugar reacts with a protein to form a labile Amadori product that is subsequently stabilized, producing an irreversible, non...
article 2004
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van der Harst, M.R. (author), Brama, P.A.J. (author), van de Lest, C.H.A. (author), Kiers, G.H. (author), de Groot, J. (author), van Weeren, P.R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: In articular joints, the forces generated by locomotion are absorbed by the whole of cartilage, subchondral bone and underlying trabecular bone. The objective of this study is to test the hypothesis that regional differences in joint loading are related to clear and interrelated differences in the composition of the extracellular...
article 2004
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van Ommen, B. (author), de Bie, A.T.H.J. (author), Bär, A. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The absorption, disposition, metabolism, and excretion of uniformly 14C-labeled α-cyclodextrin (14C-α-CD) was examined in four separate experiments with Wistar rats. In Experiment 1, 14C-α-CD (25μCi, 50mg/kg bw) was administered intravenously to four male and four female conventional rats. In Experiment 2, 14C-α-CD (25μCi, 200mg/kg bw) was given...
article 2004
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TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author), Out, R. (author), Kruijt, J.K. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), Hildebrand, R.B. (author), de Vos, P. (author), van Eck, M. (author), van Berkel, T.J.C. (author)
The function of scavenger receptor class B type I (SR-BI) in mediating the selective uptake of high density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol esters is well established. However, the potential role of SR-BI in chylomicron and chylomicron remnant metabolism is largely unknown. In the present investigation, we report that the cell association of 160...
article 2004
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TNO BIBRA (author), Scotter, M.J. (author), Castle, L. (author), Massey, R.C. (author), Brantom, P.G. (author), Cunninghame, M.E. (author)
Five food-grade mineral hydrocarbon (MHC) materials; a low melting point wax (LMPW), a synthetic wax (C80W) and three white oils (N15H, N70H and P70H) were administered orally to female Fischer-344 rats for 28 and 90 days at a dose level of 2% in the diet. Tissues were examined at autopsy for any treatment-related histopathological changes. The...
article 2003
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Cassee, F.R. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Duistermaat, E. (author), Freijer, J.J. (author), Geerse, E.K.B. (author), Marijnissen, J.C.M. (author), Arts, J.H.E. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
The relative importance of the three particulate matter (PM) size fractions in ambient air, i.e. coarse (2.5-10 μm), fine (0.1-2.5 μm) and ultrafine (< 0.1 μm) fractions, on the induction of adverse health effects is still unknown. Moreover, there is no straightforward relationship between ambient concentration levels, exposure (external dose)...
article 2002
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Stahl, W. (author), van den Berg, H. (author), Arthur, J. (author), Bast, A. (author), Dainty, J. (author), Faulks, R.M. (author), Gärtner, C. (author), Haenen, G. (author), Hollman, P. (author), Holst, B. (author), Kelly, F.J. (author), Cristina Polidori, M. (author), Rice-Evans, C. (author), Southon, S. (author), van Vliet, T. (author), Viña-Ribes, J. (author), Williamson, G. (author), Astley, S.B. (author)
article 2002
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Anderson, D. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO BIBRA (author)
Butadiene (BD) and its 2-methyl analogue, isoprene, have been extensively studied in animals and BD in population studies. Both chemicals are metabolised by liver cytochrome P450 dependent monogenases to monoepoxide and diepoxide intermediates. The diepoxide intermediates of both compounds were mutagenic in Salmonella typhimurium. However,...
article 2001
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Appel, M.J. (author), Kuper, C.F. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
A study was performed to provide data on the disposition, accumulation and toxicity of sodium iron EDTA in comparison with iron (II) sulfate in rats on administration via the diet for 31 and 61 days. Clinical signs, body weights, food consumption, food conversion efficiency, hematology, clinical chemistry and pathology of selected organs were...
article 2001
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Reichl, F.X. (author), Durner, J. (author), Kunzelmann, K.H. (author), Hickel, R. (author), Spahl, W. (author), Hume, W.R. (author), Moes, G.W.H (author), Kehe, K. (author), Walther, U. (author), Forth, W. (author)
The excretion of the dental composite component triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) in feces and urine in vivo and, using the pendular perfusion technique with segments of jejunum and colon, the biliary and enteric excretion in situ were investigated in anesthetized guinea pigs. In the in situ experiments guinea pigs (n=4) received TEGDMA...
article 2001
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Reichl, F.X. (author), Durner, J. (author), Hickel, R. (author), Kunzelmann, K.H. (author), Jewett, A. (author), Wang, M.Y. (author), Spahl, W. (author), Kreppel, H. (author), Moes, G.W.H. (author), Kehe, K. (author), Walther, U. (author), Forth, W. (author), Hume, W.R. (author)
The monomer triethyleneglycoldimethacrylate (TEGDMA) is used as a diluent in many resin-based dental materials. It was previously shown in vitro that TEGDMA was released into the adjacent biophase from such materials during the first days after placement. In this study, the uptake, distribution, and excretion of 14C-TEGDMA applied via gastric,...
article 2001
Searched for: subject:"Tissue%5C+Distribution"
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