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Williams, F.M. (author), Rothe, H. (author), Barrett, G. (author), Chiodini, A. (author), Whyte, J. (author), Cronin, M.T.D. (author), Monteiro-Riviere, N.A. (author), Plautz, J. (author), Roper, C. (author), Westerhout, J. (author), Yang, C. (author), Guy, R.H. (author)
Threshold of Toxicological Concern (TTC) aids assessment of human health risks from exposure to low levels of chemicals when toxicity data are limited. The objective here was to explore the potential refinement of exposure for applying the oral TTC to chemicals found in cosmetic products, for which there are limited dermal absorption data. A...
article 2016
Rennen, M.A.J. (author), Koster, S. (author), Krul, C.A.M. (author), Houben, G.F. (author)
The toxicological assessment of chemically complex food matrices (CCFM) usually is very time consuming, expensive and uses many animal studies. Improvements to obtain a more efficient assessment process remain limited as long as we retain traditional approaches to toxicological risk assessment. New concepts would be needed to achieve real...
article 2011
Kroes, R. (author), Renwick, A.G. (author), Feron, V. (author), Galli, C.L. (author), Gibney, M. (author), Greim, H. (author), Guy, R.H. (author), Lhuguenot, J.C. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The threshold of toxicological concern (TTC) has been used for the safety assessment of packaging migrants and flavouring agents that occur in food. The approach compares the estimated oral intake with a TTC value derived from chronic oral toxicity data for structurally-related compounds. Application of the TTC approach to cosmetic ingredients...
article 2007