Searched for: subject:"Teratogens"
(1 - 16 of 16)
document
Meunier, L. (author), Garthoff, J.A. (author), Schaafsma, A. (author), Krul, L. (author), Schrijver, J. (author), van Goudoever, J.B. (author), Speijers, G. (author), Vandenplas, Y. (author)
Locust bean gum (LBG) is a galactomannan polysaccharide used as thickener in infant formulas with the therapeutic aim to treat uncomplicated gastroesophageal reflux (GER). Since its use in young infants below 12. weeks of age is not explicitly covered by the current scientific concept of the derivation of health based guidance values, the...
article 2014
document
Louisse, J. (author), Bai, Y. (author), Verwei, M. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), Blaauboer, B.J. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Embryotoxicity of glycol ethers is caused by their alkoxyacetic acid metabolites, but the mechanism underlying the embryotoxicity of these acid metabolites is so far not known. The present study investigates a possible mechanism underlying the embryotoxicity of glycol ether alkoxyacetic acid metabolites using the methoxyacetic acid (MAA)...
article 2010
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de Jong, E. (author), Louisse, J. (author), Verwei, M. (author), Blaauboer, B.J. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), Woutersen, R.A. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Piersma, A.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The embryonic stem cell test (EST) has been proposed as an in vitro assay that might reduce animal experimentation in regulatory developmental toxicology. So far, evaluation of the EST was not performed using compounds within distinct chemical classes. Evaluation within a distinct class of chemically related compounds can define the usefulness...
article 2009
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Nohynek, G.J. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author), Lawrence, R.S. (author), Shapiro, S. (author), Schulte, S. (author), Steiling, W. (author), Bausch, J. (author), Gerber, E. (author), Sasa, H. (author), Nau, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Vitamin A is widely used in cosmetic preparations. Given that oral Vitamin A and its metabolites present a potential reproductive risk, the present study investigated the effect of topical Vitamin A on human endogenous plasma levels of Vitamin A and its metabolites. Methods: Two groups of 14 female volunteers of child-bearing age...
article 2006
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Verwei, M. (author), van Burgsteden, J.A. (author), Krul, C.A.M. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), Freidig, A.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The new EU legislations for chemicals (Registration, Evaluation and Authorization of Chemicals, REACH) and cosmetics (Seventh Amendment) stimulate the acceptance of in vitro and in silico approaches to test chemicals for their potential to cause reproductive effects. In the current study seven compounds with known in vivo developmental effects...
article 2006
document
de Groot, D.M.G. (author), Hartgring, S. (author), van de Horst, L. (author), Moerkens, M. (author), Otto, M. (author), Bos-Kuijpers, M.H.M. (author), Kaufmann, W.S.H. (author), Lammers, J.H.C.M. (author), O'Callaghan, J.P. (author), Waalkens-Berendsen, I.D.H. (author), Pakkenberg, B. (author), Gundersen, H.G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
To evaluate the ability of a tiered quantitative morphological approach to reveal developmental neurotoxicity, morphometric parameters were measured in the offspring of rats treated with methylazoxymethanol (MAM) during days 13-15 of pregnancy. Treatment was aimed at inhibiting the proliferation phase of hippocampal neurons while leaving...
article 2005
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Waalkens-Berendsen, D.H. (author), Kuilman-Wahls, M.E.M. (author), Bär, A. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The embryotoxicity/teratogenicity of neohesperidin dihydrochalcone (NHDC) was examined in Wistar Crl:(WI)WU BR rats. NHDC was fed at dietary concentrations of 0, 1.25, 2.5 or 5 to groups of 28 mated female rats from day 0 to 21 of gestation. At Cesarean section 25, 22, 23, and 23 rats were found to be pregnant in the control, low-, mid-, and...
article 2004
document
Waalkens-Berendsen, D.H. (author), Smits-Van Prooije, A.E. (author), Bär, A. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
In a standard embryotoxicity/teratogenicity study, α-cyclodextrin (α-CD) was administered to groups of sixteen, artificially inseminated New Zealand White rabbits at dietary concentrations of 0, 5, 10, or 20%. An additional group received a diet containing 20% lactose. Treatment started on day 0 of gestation and ended on day 29 when the animals...
article 2004
document
Waalkens-Berendsen, D.H. (author), Bär, A. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The embryotoxicity/teratogenicity of α-cyclodextrin (α-CD) was examined in Wistar Crl:(WI)WU BR rats. α-CD was fed at dietary concentrations of 0, 1.5, 5, 10, or 20% to groups of 25 pregnant female rats from day 0 to 21 of gestation. An additional group received a diet with 20% lactose. The additions to the diet of α-CD and lactose were made at...
article 2004
document
Waalkens-Berendsen, D.H. (author), Smits-van Prooije, A.E. (author), Bär, A. (author)
In a standard embryotoxicity/teratogenicity study, γ-cyclodextrin (γ-CD) was administered to groups of 16, artificially inseminated New Zealand White rabbits at dietary concentrations of 0, 5, 10, or 20%. A comparison group received a diet containing 20% lactose. Treatment started on day 0 of gestation and ended on day 29 when the animals were...
article 1998
document
Waalkens-Berendsen, D.H. (author), Verhagen, F.J.J. (author), Bär, A. (author)
The embryotoxicity/teratogenicity of γ-cyclodextrin (γ-CD) was examined in Wistar Crl:(WI)WU BR rats. γ-CD was fed at dietary concentrations of 0, 1.5, 5, 10, and 20% to groups of 25 pregnant female rats from day 0 to 21 of gestation. A comparison group received a diet with 20% lactose. The additions to the diet of γ-CD and lactose were made at...
article 1998
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van den Berg, H. (author), Hulshof, K.F.A.M. (author), Deslypere, J.P. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Objective. To determine how much vitamin A is consumed through liver and liver products by non-pregnant and pregnant women aged 16-50 years, and to determine the implications for the use of multivitamin products. Design. Secondary analysis on data from representative database Dutch National Food Consumption Survey. Method. Data were obtained...
article 1996
document
van den Berg, H. (author), Hulshof, K.F.A.M. (author), Deslypere, J.P. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Objective: To assess the distribution of dietary vitamin A intake among Dutch women aged 16-50 and among pregnant women, and to evaluate the effect of the use of a vitamin A (1200 RE) containing multivitamin supplement in terms of nutritional and teratogenic risk. Study design: Data from the 2nd Dutch national food consumption survey (1992) were...
article 1996
document
van Smits- Prooije, A.E. (author), Waalkens-Berendsen, D.H. (author), Bär, A. (author)
The embryotoxicity/teratogenicity of erythritol, a low-calorie polyol sugar substitute, was examined in Wistar Crl:(WI) WU BR rats. Erythritol was fed at dietary concentrations of 0, 2.5, 5, and 10% to groups of 32 female rats from Day 0 to 21 of gestation. The treatment was generally well tolerated and no mortality occurred in any group. Weight...
article 1996
document
de Heer, C. (author), Schuurman, H.J. (author), Houben, G.F. (author), Pieters, R.H.H. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), van Loveren, H. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
SCID mice engrafted with human fetal thymus and liver tissue fragments (SCID-hu mice) are currently considered as a new tool in human immunotoxicological risk assessment. Testing of various immunotoxicants exerting thymotoxicity via different intrathymic target cell types is necessary for validation of this model. Therefore, SCID-hu mice were...
article 1995
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Pieters, R.H.H. (author), Punt, P. (author), Bol, M. (author), van Dijken, J.M. (author), Seinen, W. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Instituut CIVO-Toxicologie en Voeding TNO (author)
In the present study, we show that the thymus atrophy inducing compound DBTC stimulates the intracellular release, but not the influx, of Ca2+ elicited by cross-linking of the TcRαβ-CD3-complex on rat thymocytes and inhibits capping of TcRαβ. Similarities with the effects of cytochalasin B together with the finding that DBTC also inhibited...
article 1995
Searched for: subject:"Teratogens"
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