Searched for: subject%3A%22Taste%22
(1 - 20 of 31)

Pages

document
Fluitman, K.S. (author), Hesp, A.C. (author), Kaihatu, R.F. (author), Nieuwdorp, M. (author), Keijser, B.J.F. (author), IJzerman, R.G. (author), Visser, M. (author)
BACKGROUND: Age-related declines in taste and smell function are widely assumed to contribute to the decrease in appetite and the development of undernutrition in older adults. OBJECTIVES: Here we aim to assess the associations of both taste and smell function with several nutrition-related outcomes in a single study, with poor appetite and...
article 2021
document
Fluitman, K.S. (author), van den Broek, T.J. (author), Nieuwdorp, M. (author), Visser, M. (author), IJzerman, R.G. (author), Keijser, B.J.F. (author)
Poor taste and smell function are widely thought to contribute to the development of poor appetite and undernutrition in older adults. It has been hypothesized that the oral microbiota play a role as well, but evidence is scarce. In a cross-sectional cohort of 356 older adults, we performed taste and smell tests, collected anthropometric...
article 2021
document
Heiniö, R.L. (author), Noort, M.W.J. (author), Katina, K. (author), Alam, S.A. (author), Sozer, N. (author), de Kock, H.L. (author), Hersleth, M. (author), Poutanen, K. (author)
Background: Wholegrain foods are known to be health-beneficial but their sensory characteristics may be a limiting factor for consumption. The scientific literature of factors influencing sensory quality of wholegrain foods is rather scarce. Scope and approach: Many cereals like rye, oats, barley and sorghum are actually used mainly as...
article 2016
document
van Avesaat, M. (author), Troost, F.J. (author), Ripken, D. (author), Peters, J. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author), Masclee, A.A.M. (author)
Background: Taste receptors are expressed not only in taste buds but also in the gastrointestinal tract. It has been hypothesized that these receptors may play a role in satiety and food intake. Objective: This study investigated the effect of intraduodenal tastant infusions (bitter, sweet, and umami) on food intake, hunger and fullness,...
article 2015
document
Noort, M.W.J. (author), Bult, J.H.F. (author), Stieger, M. (author)
In this study, we investigate a technological approach to reduce the sodium content of bread whilst retaining its sensory profile by creating taste contrast using encapsulated salt. We demonstrate that sensory contrast in bread induced by encapsulated salt can enhance saltiness and allows for a salt reduction of up to 50% while maintaining...
article 2012
document
Noort, M.W.J. (author), Bult, J.H.F. (author), Stieger, M. (author), Hamer, R.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Bread and cereals contribute 30% to the daily intake of sodium (Na) in the western human diet. Since the average Na intake is double the recommended intake, pressure has built up for the food industry to lower Na in their products. Especially replacing functionality of Na as a tastant remains very difficult. In this study we describe a strategy...
article 2010
document
Mars, M. (author), Hogenkamp, P.S. (author), Gosses, A.M. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A higher viscosity of a food leads to a longer orosensory stimulation. This may facilitate the learned association between sensory signals and metabolic consequences. In the current study we investigated the effect of viscosity on learned satiation. In two intervention groups a low viscosity (LV) yogurt (n = 24) and a high viscosity (HV) yogurt ...
article 2009
document
Neyraud, E. (author), Heinzerling, C.I. (author), Bult, J.H.F. (author), Mesmin, C. (author), Dransfield, E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Saliva from parotid glands plays a role in taste perception. Parotid saliva is also stimulated by tastants. The aim of this work is to investigate the effects of different tastants on the parotid salivary response in six subjects. Five tastants were given in different concentrations in solution and held in the mouth for 10 s. The flow rate,...
article 2009
document
de Wijk, R.A. (author), Polet, I.A. (author), Bult, J.H.F. (author), Prinz, J.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Vibromyography was used to quantify oral activity during the processing of well-characterized semi-solid model foods whilst subjects assessed the intensity of the sensory attributes to thick, creamy, melting, fatty, rough and liking. A series of eleven starch-based vanilla custard desserts was prepared with five different viscosities, three...
article 2008
document
Zinoviadou, K.G. (author), Janssen, A.M. (author), de Jongh, H.H.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Predictability of the perception of foods thickened by polysaccharides is only poor. Therefore, the effect of saliva on the lubrication properties of 2 types of neutral polysaccharides, cross-linked starch and locust bean gum, was studied. Despite the similar bulk rheological behavior of the 2 polysaccharides, the starch solution exhibited a...
article 2008
document
Prinz, J.F. (author), de Wijk, R.A. (author), Huntjens, L.A.H. (author), Engelen, L. (author), Polet, I.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
It has been generally assumed that fat is detected by its flavour and by its lubrication of the oral mucosa. A recent study reported a correlation of -.99 between perceived temperature of a product and its fat content. This was significantly higher than correlations of sensory scores for fat flavour, mouthfeel, and afterfeel. This suggested a...
article 2007
document
Engelen, L. (author), van den Keybus, P.A.M. (author), de Wijk, R.A. (author), Veerman, E.C.I. (author), Amerongen, A.V.N. (author), Bosman, F. (author), Prinz, J.F. (author), van der Bilt, A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Saliva is expected to be of significance for the perception of food stimuli in the mouth. Mixing the food with saliva, including breakdown and dilution, is considered to be of large importance for semi-solids as these products are masticated without chewing. It is known that there are large variations in composition of saliva originating from...
article 2007
document
Neyraud, E. (author), Sayd, T. (author), Morzel, M. (author), Dransfield, E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Whole and parotid salivas, collected after stimulation with tastants, were analyzed by 2D electrophoresis and mass spectrometry. In whole saliva, the number of proteins affected by taste stimulation increased in the order sweet < umami < bitter < acid. Annexin A1 and calgranulin A, involved in inflammation, were overrepresented after umami,...
article 2006
document
Smeets, P.A.M. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), van Osch, M.J.P. (author), Nievelstein, R.A.J. (author), van der Grond, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: The brain plays a crucial role in the decision to eat, integrating multiple hormonal and neural signals. A key factor controlling food intake is selective satiety, ie, the phenomenon that the motivation to eat more of a food decreases more than does the motivation to eat foods not eaten. Objective: We investigated the effect of...
article 2006
document
TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Bots, C.P. (author), Poorterman, J.H.G. (author), Brand, H.S. (author), Kalsbeek, H. (author), van Amerongen, B.M. (author), Veerman, E.C.I. (author), Nieuw Amerongen, A.V. (author)
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the oral health status of chronic renal failure (CRF) patients on renal replacement therapy with a matched reference population. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: Forty-two dentate CRF patients - aged 25-52 years old - were matched with a reference group of 808 dentate subjects. METHODS: The...
article 2006
document
Weenen, H. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The time dependence of the liking of foodstuffs was investigated in a study with 25 subjects, consisting of three parts: (1) on day one, a sensory specific satiety study, which was extended until 125 min after consumption; (2) on days two to seven, a repeated in home taste and evaluation study; (3) on day eight, a second sensory specific satiety...
article 2005
document
Mojet, J. (author), Köster, E.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Memory for texture plays an important role in food expectations. After fasting overnight, subjects (41 women, 35 men, age 19-60 years) received a breakfast including breakfast drink, biscuits and yoghurt. Subsequently, they rated their hunger feelings every hour, and returned for a taste experiment in the evening. When unexpectedly confronted...
article 2005
document
Weenen, H. (author), Jellema, R.H. (author), de Wijk, R.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The sensory components of creamy mouthfeel in commercial mayonnaises, custard desserts and sauces were determined, using multi-variate analysis of the mean sensory ratings obtained from a quantitative descriptive analysis (QDA) panel. Creamy is a particularly interesting attribute, as it is generally well correlated with consumer preference....
article 2005
document
Smeets, P.A.M. (author), de Graaf, C. (author), Stafleu, A. (author), van Osch, M.J.P. (author), van der Grond, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Evidence exists that beverages do not trigger appropriate anticipatory physiologic responses, such as cephalic phase insulin release. Therefore, it is of interest to elucidate the food properties necessary for triggering adaptive responses. Previously, we found a prolonged dose-dependent decrease in the hypothalamic functional...
article 2005
document
Mojet, J. (author), Köster, E.P. (author), Prinz, J.F. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The stimuli used in taste research are usually considered to be odourless. This was tested in two experiments with aqueous solutions of two representative compounds for each of the five taste qualities including umami. In the first experiment elderly and young subjects rated the intensity and pleasantness of three concentrations of the stimuli,...
article 2005
Searched for: subject%3A%22Taste%22
(1 - 20 of 31)

Pages