Searched for: subject:"Sus%5C+scrofa"
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de Hoog, E.H.A. (author), Prinz, J.F. (author), Huntjens, L. (author), Dresselhuis, D.M. (author), van Aken, G.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The friction between surfaces in relative motion lubricated by food emulsions has been measured. Different types of surfaces were tested, including metal, glass, rubber, and mucosal surfaces (pig tongue and pig esophagus). We demonstrate that the load-dependent behavior of the coefficient of kinetic friction was different for various types of...
article 2006
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Portengen, L. (author), Preller, L. (author), Tielen, M. (author), Doekes, G. (author), Heederik, D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Recent studies have reported a low prevalence of atopic sensitization and respiratory allergy in children growing up on farms. Objectives: We sought to evaluate the dose-response relationship between endotoxin and atopic sensitization in adult farmers and to assess the effect on respiratory health outcomes. Methods: Data on endotoxin...
article 2005
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Belstra, B.A. (author), Flowers, W.L. (author), Croom, W.J. (author), de Groot, J. (author), See, M.T. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
Incomplete uterine involution is the putative cause of the increased embryo mortality and reproductive failure often exhibited by sows that lactate for less than 21 days. Since such short lactation lengths are common in American swine production, an effective technique to monitor the postpartum involution process and test this hypothesis might...
article 2005
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de Boer, V.C.J. (author), Dihal, A.A. (author), van der Woude, H. (author), Arts, I.C.W. (author), Wolffram, S. (author), Alink, G.M. (author), Rietjens, I.M.C.M. (author), Keijer, J. (author), Hollman, P.C.H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Quercetin is a dietary polyphenolic compound with potentially beneficial effects on health. Claims that quercetin has biological effects are based mainly on in vitro studies with quercetin aglycone. However, quercetin is rapidly metabolized, and we have little knowledge of its availability to tissues. To assess the long-term tissue distribution...
article 2005
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Hueber-Becker, F. (author), Nohynek, G.J. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Benech-Kieffer, F. (author), Toutain, H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
We investigated the absorption of a commercial [14C]-PPD- containing oxidative dark-shade hair dye in human volunteers as well as in vitro using human or pig ear skin. The hair of eight male volunteers was cut to a standard length, dyed, washed, dried, clipped and collected. Hair, washing water, materials used in the study and a 24-h scalp wash...
article 2004
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Vente-Spreeuwenberg, M.A.M. (author), Verdonk, J.M.A.J. (author), Bakker, G.C.M. (author), Beynen, A.C. (author), Verstegen, M.W.A. (author), TNO Animal Nutrition (author)
An experiment was designed to study the effect of dietary protein source on feed intake and on small intestinal morphology in newly weaned piglets. In total, 108 piglets were used, without access to creep feed during the suckling period. Piglets were weaned at 27 days of age. They were fed ad libitum one of two iso-nitrogenous experimental diets...
article 2004
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Vente-Spreeuwenberg, M.A.M. (author), Verdonk, J.M.A.J. (author), Koninkx, J.F.J.G. (author), Beynen, A.C. (author), Verstegen, M.W.A. (author), TNO Animal Nutrition (author)
Two separate experiments, but using the same diets, were designed to study whether the addition to the diet of protein hydrolysates or crystalline glutamine (gln) affect small intestinal integrity (experiment 1) and growth performance (experiment 2). It was hypothesized that dietary supplementation of hydrolysed proteins would increase the...
article 2004
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van Helden, H.P.M. (author), Kuijpers, W.C. (author), Diemel, R.V. (author)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate: (1) the acute effects of sulfur mustard on airway, lung, and surface tension of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALfluid) in guinea pigs following intratracheal (i.t.) exposure to 1LD50 of an aerosolized solution of sulfur mustard in saline, and (2) the therapeutic efficacy of i.t....
article 2004
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Bajgar, J. (author), Ševelová, L. (author), Krejčová, G. (author), Fusek, J. (author), Vachek, J. (author), Kassa, J. (author), Herink, J. (author), de Jong, L.P.A. (author), Benschop, H.P. (author)
Soman belongs to the most dangerous nerve agents because of the low effectiveness of the presently available antidotes. Soman acts by inhibiting acetylcholinesterase (AChE) both peripherally and centrally, with a subsequent accumulation of neuromediator acetylcholine and other metabolic changes. From the data published in literature it can be...
article 2004
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Jacobs, J.J.L. (author), Lehé, C.L. (author), Cammans, K.D.A. (author), Das, P.K. (author), Elliott, G.R. (author)
The human organotypic skin explant culture (hOSEC) model is a promising alternative in vitro model for screening contact allergens. In this model, the chemical-induced migration of Langerhans cells (LCs) out of the epidermis, evaluated after a 24-h exposure period, is used as a measure of sensitizer potential. As skin irritants can also induce...
article 2004
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Lamers, R.-J.A.N. (author), de Groot, J. (author), Spies-Faber, E.J. (author), Jellema, R.H. (author), Kraus, V.B. (author), Verzijl, N. (author), te Koppele, J.M. (author), Spijksma, G.K. (author), Vogels, J.T.W.E. (author), van der Greef, J. (author), van Nesselrooij, J.H.J. (author)
Osteoarthritis (OA), one of the most common diseases among the elderly, is characterized by the progressive destruction of joint tissues. Its etiology is largely unclear and no effective disease-modifying treatment is currently available. Metabolic fingerprinting provides a novel tool for the identification of biomarkers. A metabolic fingerprint...
article 2003
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de Jong, G.A.H. (author), Wijngaards, G. (author), Koppelman, S.J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Cross-linking experiments of skimmed bovine milk with bacterial transglutaminase isolated from Streptoverticillium mobaraense showed only some degree of formation of high-molecular-weight casein polymers. Studies on the nature of this phenomenon revealed that bovine milk contains an inhibitor of transglutaminase activity. Removal of the casein...
article 2003
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van der Schans, M.J. (author), Lander, B.J. (author), van der Wiel, H. (author), Langenberg, J.P. (author), Benschop, H.P. (author), Prins Maurits Laboratorium TNO (author)
In continuation of our investigations on the toxicokinetics of the volatile nerve agents C(±)P(±)-soman and (±)-sarin, we now report on the toxicokinetics of the rather nonvolatile agent (±)-VX. A validated method was developed to determine blood levels of (±)-VX by means of achiral gas chromatography at blood levels ≥10 pg/ml. The ratio of the...
article 2003
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Vente-Spreeuwenberg, M.A.M. (author), Verdonk, J.M.A.J. (author), Verstegen, M.W.A. (author), Beynen, A.C. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The present study was designed to evaluate the differential effects of dietary glucose, lactose and starch on small-intestinal morphology, organ weights, pH of chyme and haptoglobin levels in blood plasma of weaned piglets. It was hypothesised that lactose consumption would ameliorate the weaning-induced decrease in gut integrity. A total of...
article 2003
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Kimber, I. (author), Dearman, R.J. (author), Penninks, A.H. (author), Knipples, L.M.J. (author), Buchanan, R.B. (author), Hammerberg, B. (author), Jackson, H.A. (author), Helm, R.M. (author)
Because of the public concern surrounding the issue of the safety of genetically modified organisms, it is critical to have appropriate methodologies to aid investigators in identifying potential hazards associated with consumption of foods produced with these materials. A regent panel of experts convened by the Food and Agriculture Organization...
article 2003
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Jansman, A.J.M. (author), Smink, W. (author), van Leeuwen, P. (author), Rademacher, M. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The paper summarizes and evaluates data on estimates for the amount and amino acid (AA) composition of basal endogenous crude protein (CP) at the terminal ileum of pigs derived from 33 ileal digestibility studies with pigs (30-100 kg BW). Different methods and approaches are used to obtain these estimates: (A) the N-free diet method (16 studies)...
article 2002
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Cnubben, N.H.P. (author), Elliott, G.R. (author), Hakkert, B.C. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The validity of in vitro and in vivo methods for the prediction of percutaneous penetration in humans was assessed using the fungicide ortho-phenylphenol (OPP) (log Po/w 3.28, MW 170.8, solubility in water 0.7 g/L). In vivo studies were performed in rats and human volunteers, applying the test compound to the dorsal skin and the volar aspect of...
article 2002
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Cappaert, N.L.M. (author), Klis, S.F.L. (author), Muijser, H. (author), Kulig, B.M. (author), Ravensberg, L.C. (author), Smoorenburg, G.F. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
The present study was designed to compare the ototoxic effects of volatile ethyl benzene in guinea pigs and rats. Rats showed deteriorated auditory thresholds in the mid-frequency range, based on electrocochleography, after 550-ppm ethyl benzene (8 h/day, 5 days). Outer hair cell (OHC) loss was found in the corresponding cochlear regions. In...
article 2002
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van Kempen, T.A.T.G. (author), Kim, I.B. (author), Jansman, A.J.M. (author), Verstegen, M.W.A. (author), Hancock, J.D. (author), Lee, D.J. (author), Gabert, V.M. (author), Albin, D.M. (author), Fahey Jr, G.C. (author), Grieshop, C.M. (author), Mahan, D. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
To assess differences in soybean meal quality related to region of production, researchers in Illinois, Kansas, North Carolina, The Netherlands, and Ohio collected four soybean meal samples processed locally at least 15 d apart. These samples were assayed for ileal amino acid digestibility by pigs using a common soybean meal and a soy protein...
article 2002
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Jacobs, J.J.L. (author), Lehé, C. (author), Cammans, K.D.A. (author), Das, P.K. (author), Elliott, G.R. (author)
We evaluated the potential of human organotypic skin explant cultures (hOSECs) for screening skin irritants. Test chemicals were applied to the epidermis of the skin explants which were incubated for 4, 24 or 48 h in tissue culture medium. A decrease in epidermal RNA staining, visualised in frozen sections using a modified methyl-green pyronine ...
article 2002
Searched for: subject:"Sus%5C+scrofa"
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