Searched for: subject%3A%22Sucrose%22
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van Avesaat, M. (author), Troost, F.J. (author), Ripken, D. (author), Hendriks, H.F. (author), Aam, M. (author)
BACKGROUND: Activation of the ileal brake, by infusing lipid directly into the distal part of the small intestine, alters gastrointestinal (GI) motility and inhibits food intake. The ileal brake effect on eating behavior of the other macronutrients is currently unknown. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of...
article 2015
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Janus, M.M. (author), Keijser, B.J.F. (author), Bikker, F.J. (author), Exterkate, R.A.M. (author), Crielaard, W. (author), Krom, B.P. (author)
Commensal oral biofilms, defined by the absence of pathology-related phenotypes, are ubiquitously present. In contrast to pathological biofilms commensal biofilms are rarely studied. Here, the effect of the initial inoculum and subsequent growth conditions on in vitro oral biofilms was studied. Biofilms were inoculated with saliva and grown...
article 2015
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Ripken, D. (author), van der Wielen, N. (author), Wortelboer, H.M. (author), Meijerink, J. (author), Witkamp, R.F. (author), Hendriks, H.F.J. (author)
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) and peptide YY (PYY) are hormones important for satiation and are involved in the process called “ileal brake”. The aim of this study was to investigate the GLP-1- and PYY-stimulating efficacy of rebaudioside A, casein, and sucrose. This was studied using tissue segments collected from various regions of the pig...
article 2014
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Sun, A. (author), Dai, Y. (author), Zhang, X. (author), Li, C. (author), Meng, K. (author), Xu, H. (author), Wei, X. (author), Xiao, G. (author), Ouwerkerk, P.B. (author), Wang, M. (author), Zhu, Z. (author)
In many plants, sucrose transporters are essential for both sucrose exports from sources and imports into sinks, indicating a function in assimilate partitioning. To investigate whether sucrose transporters can improve the yield of starch plant, potato plants (Solanum tuberosum L. cv. Désirée) were transformed with cDNAs of the rice sucrose...
article 2011
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van Leeuwen, S.S. (author), Kralj, S. (author), Eeuwema, W. (author), Gerwig, G.J. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), Kamerling, J.P. (author)
Mutagenesis of specific amino acid residues of the glucansucrase (GTF180) enzyme from Lactobacillus reuteri strain 180 yielded 12 mutant enzymes that produced modified exopolysaccharides (mEPSs) from sucrose. Ethanol-precipitated and purified mEPSs were subjected to linkage analysis, Smith degradation analysis, and 1D/2D <sup>1</sup>H NMR...
article 2009
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Neyraud, E. (author), Heinzerling, C.I. (author), Bult, J.H.F. (author), Mesmin, C. (author), Dransfield, E. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Saliva from parotid glands plays a role in taste perception. Parotid saliva is also stimulated by tastants. The aim of this work is to investigate the effects of different tastants on the parotid salivary response in six subjects. Five tastants were given in different concentrations in solution and held in the mouth for 10 s. The flow rate,...
article 2009
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van Groenestijn, J.W. (author), Geelhoed, J.S. (author), Goorissen, H.P. (author), Meesters, K.P.M. (author), Stams, A.J.M. (author), Claassen, P.A.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Non-axenic operation of a 400 L trickle bed reactor inoculated with the thermophile Caldicellulosiruptor saccharolyticus, yielded 2.8 molH 2mol hexose converted. The reactor was fed with a complex medium with sucrose as the main substrate, continuously flushed with nitrogen gas, and operated at 73°C. The volumetric productivity was 22 mmolH2(L...
article 2009
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Goosen, C. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The purified exo-inulinase enzyme of Aspergillus niger N402 (AngInuE; heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli) displayed a sucrose:inulin (S/I) hydrolysis ratio of 2.3, characteristic for a typical exo-inulinase. The enzyme also had significant transfructosylating activity with increasing sucrose concentrations, producing various...
article 2008
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Rodenburg, W. (author), Heidema, A.G. (author), Boer, J.M.A. (author), Bovee-Oudenhoven, I.M.J. (author), Feskens, E.J.M. (author), Mariman, E.C.M. (author), Keijer, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In whole genome microarray studies major gene expression changes are easily identified, but it is a challenge to capture small, but biologically important, changes. Pathway-based programs can capture small effects but may have the disadvantage of being restricted to functionally annotated genes. A structured approach toward the identification of...
article 2008
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Hogervorst, M.A. (author), van Damme, W.J.M. (author), TNO Defensie en Veiligheid (author)
Purpose. The purpose of our study was to develop a tool to visualize the limitations posed by visual impairments in detecting small and low-contrast elements in natural images. This visualization tool incorporates existing models of several aspects of visual perception, such as the band-limited contrast model of Peli (J Opt Soc Am A 1996;13:1131...
article 2008
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Kralj, S. (author), van Leeuwen, S.S. (author), Valk, V. (author), Eeuwema, W. (author), Kamerling, J.P. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author)
The reuteransucrase enzymes of Lactobacillus reuteri strain 121 (GTFA) and L. reuteri strain ATCC 55730 (GTFO) convert sucrose into alpha-d-glucans (labelled reuterans) with mainly alpha-(1→4) glucosidic linkages (50% and 70%, respectively), plus alpha-(1→6) linkages. In the present study, we report a detailed analysis of various hybrid GTFA/O...
article 2008
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Goosen, C. (author), Yuan, X.L. (author), van Munster, J.M. (author), Ram, A.F.J. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A novel subfamily of putative intracellular invertase enzymes (glycoside hydrolase family 32) has previously been identified in fungal genomes. Here, we report phylogenetic, molecular, and biochemical characteristics of SucB, one of two novel intracellular invertases identified in Aspergillus niger. The sucB gene was expressed in Escherichia...
article 2007
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Bussmann, P. (author), Vroon, R. (author), Timmer, J. (author), Boon, F. (author), de Bruijn, J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The chromatographic separation of sugar from raw juice was identified as a promising alternative for the current juice purification. Simulated moving bed technology (SMB) was chosen as the most suitable technology on the basis of the purification, limited degree of dilution and increased sugar yield. An adsorbent was selected which binds sucrose...
article 2007
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Yuan, X.L. (author), Goosen, C. (author), Kools, H. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), van den Hondel, C.A.M.J.J. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), Ram, A.F.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
As a soil fungus, Aspergillus niger can metabolize a wide variety of carbon sources, employing sets of enzymes able to degrade plant-derived polysaccharides. In this study the genome sequence of A. niger strain CBS 513.88 was surveyed, to analyse the gene/enzyme network involved in utilization of the plant storage polymer inulin, and of sucrose,...
article 2006
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven TNO Voeding (author), Ozimek, L.K. (author), Kralj, S. (author), Kaper, T. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author)
Bacterial fructansucrase enzymes belong to glycoside hydrolase family 68 and catalyze transglycosylation reactions with sucrose, resulting in the synthesis of fructooligosaccharides and/or a fructan polymer. Significant differences in fructansucrase enzyme product specificities can be observed, i.e. in the type of polymer (levan or inulin)...
article 2006
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Kralj, S. (author), van Geel-Schutten, G.H. (author), Faber, E.J. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Glucansucrase or glucosyltransferase (GTF) enzymes of lactic acid bacteria display high sequence similarity but catalyze synthesis of different α-glucans (e.g., dextran, mutan, alternan, and reuteran) from sucrose. The variations in glucosidic linkage specificity observed in products of different glucansucrase enzymes appear to be based on...
article 2005
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Venema, K. (author), Vermunt, S.H.F. (author), Brink, E.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
D-Tagatose is partly absorbed in the stomach and small intestine. Most of it is fermented by the large intestinal microbiota. The effect of D-tagatose on the composition of the microbiota and production of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) was studied in vivo and in vitro. Gastrointestinal (GI) complaints were also studied. The in vivo study was...
article 2005
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Kralj, S. (author), Stripling, E. (author), Sanders, P. (author), van Geel-Schutten, G.H. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author)
Lactobacillus reuteri strain ATCC 55730 (LB BIO) was isolated as a pure culture from a Reuteri tablet purchased from the BioGaia company. This probiotic strain produces a soluble glucan (reuteran), in which the majority of the linkages are of the alpha-(1→4) glucosidic type (∼70%). This reuteran also contains alpha-(1→6)-linked glucosyl units...
article 2005
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Kralj, S. (author), van Geel-Schutten, G.H. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Lactobacillus reuteri strain 121 uses sucrose for synthesis of a unique, soluble glucan ('reuteran') with mainly α-(1→4) glucosidic linkages. The gene (gtfA) encoding this glucansucrase enzyme had previously been characterized. Here, a detailed biochemical and molecular analysis of the GTFA enzyme is presented. This is believed to be the first...
article 2004
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van Hijum, S.A.F.T. (author), Szalowska, E. (author), van der Maarel, M.J.E.C. (author), Dijkhuizen, L. (author), TNO Voeding Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Lactobacillus reuteri strain 121 employs a fructosyltransferase (FTF) to synthesize a fructose polymer [a fructan of the levan type, with β(2→6) linkages] from sucrose or raffinose. Purification of this FTF (a levansucrase), and identification of peptide amino acid sequences, allowed isolation of the first Lactobacillus levansucrase gene (lev),...
article 2004
Searched for: subject%3A%22Sucrose%22
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