Searched for: subject%3A%22Steroid%22
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Koster, S. (author), Leeman, W.R. (author), Verheij, E.R. (author), Dutman, A.E. (author), van Stee, L.L.P. (author), Munch Nielsen, L. (author), Ronsmans, S. (author), Noteborn, H. (author), Krul, L. (author)
A main challenge in food safety research is to demonstrate that processing of foodstuffs does not lead to the formation of substances for which the safety upon consumption might be questioned. This is especially so since food is a complex matrix in which the analytical detection of substances, and consequent risk assessment thereof, is difficult...
article 2015
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Raiten, D.J. (author), Sakr Ashour, F.A. (author), Ross, A.C. (author), Meydani, S.N. (author), Dawson, H.D. (author), Stephensen, C.B. (author), Brabin, B.J. (author), Suchdev, P.S. (author), van Ommen, B. (author), Ahluwalia, N. (author), Ahmed, T. (author), Allen, L. (author), Beck, M. (author), Blanchard, H. (author), Brindle, E. (author), Brown, K. (author), Calder, P. (author), Checkley, W. (author), Claycombe, K. (author), Coles, C. (author), Esamai, F. (author), Friis, H. (author), Gardner, E. (author), Grinspoon, S. (author), Guerrant, R. (author), Hellerstein, M. (author), Hunt, J. (author), King, J. (author), Klasing, K. (author), Kramer, B. (author), Koski, K. (author), Northrop-Clewes, C. (author), Pfeiffer, C. (author), Prentice, A. (author), Ramirez-Zea, M. (author), van Rheenan, P. (author), Rink, L. (author), Srinivasa, S. (author), Benn, C.S. (author), Stephensen, C. (author), Suchdev, P. (author), Sullivan, K. (author), Thurnham, D. (author), Varadhan, R. (author), Van Der Ven, A. (author), Walston, J. (author), Xia, J. (author)
An increasing recognition has emerged of the complexities of the global health agenda-specifically, the collision of infections and noncommunicable diseases and the dual burden of over- and undernutrition. Of particular practical concern are both 1) the need for a better understanding of the bidirectional relations between nutritional status and...
article 2015
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Dent, M.P. (author), Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), Russell, P.J. (author), Bradford, R. (author)
Hoodia gordonii extract was orally administered by gavage to groups of 22 female New Zealand white rabbits from day 3-28 after mating at doses of 0 (control), 3, 6 or 12. mg/kg bodyweight/day. These doses were reached by a dose escalation phase between days 3 and 7 after mating. As well as a vehicle control group, a control group pair-fed to the...
article 2012
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Dent, M.P. (author), Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), Russell, P.J. (author), Bradford, R. (author)
Hoodia gordonii extract (0, 5, 15 or 50. mg/kg body weight/day, n= 24 mice/group) was orally administered by gavage to female CD-1 mice from gestation days 5-17. On gestation day 18 the females were euthanized and examined. Treatment at 50. mg/kg/day caused a marked reduction in feed intake and body weight gain. Feed consumption was sporadically...
article 2012
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de Haan, W. (author), de Vries-van der Weij, J. (author), Mol, I.M. (author), Hoekstra, M. (author), Romijn, J.A. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Havekes, L.M. (author), Princen, H.M.G. (author), Rensen, P.C.N. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Pregnane X receptor (PXR) agonism has been shown to affect multiple steps in both the synthesis and catabolism of HDL, but its integrated effect on HDL metabolism in vivo remains unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the net effect of PXR agonism on HDL metabolism in ApoE*3-Leiden (E3L) and E3L.CETP mice, well-established models for...
article 2009
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Hogervorst, J.G.F. (author), Schouten, L.J. (author), Konings, E.J.M. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background : Acrylamide is a probable human carcinogen that is present in several heat-treated foods. In epidemiological studies, positive associations between dietary acrylamide intake and the risks of endometrial, ovarian, estrogen receptor-positive breast, and renal cell cancers have been observed. The association between dietary acrylamide...
article 2009
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Price, R.J. (author), Scott, M.P. (author), Giddings, A.M. (author), Walters, D.G. (author), Stierum, R.H. (author), Meredith, C. (author), Lake, B.G. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
1. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of four food chemicals, namely butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), curcumin (CC), propyl gallate (PG) and thiabendazole (TB), on cytochrome P450 (CYP) forms in cultured human hepatocytes. 2. Treatment of human hepatocytes for 72 h with 2-200 μM TB produced concentration-dependent...
article 2008
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Stierum, R. (author), Conesa, A. (author), Heijne, W. (author), Ommen, B.v. (author), Junker, K. (author), Scott, M.P. (author), Price, R.J. (author), Meredith, C. (author), Lake, B.G. (author), Groten, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), KvL (author)
Transcriptomics was performed to gain insight into mechanisms of food additives butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), curcumin (CC), propyl gallate (PG), and thiabendazole (TB), additives for which interactions in the liver can not be excluded. Additives were administered in diets for 28 days to Sprague-Dawley rats and cDNA microarray experiments were...
article 2008
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Pols, T.W.H. (author), Ottenhoff, R. (author), Vos, M. (author), Levels, J.H.M. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), Meijers, J.C.M. (author), Pannekoek, H. (author), Groen, A.K. (author), de Vries, C.J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
NR4A nuclear receptors are induced in the liver upon fasting and regulate hepatic gluconeogenesis. Here, we studied the role of nuclear receptor Nur77 (NR4A1) in hepatic lipid metabolism. We generated mice expressing hepatic Nur77 using adenoviral vectors, and demonstrate that these mice exhibit a modulation of the plasma lipid profile and a...
article 2008
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Jacobs, M.N. (author), Janssens, W. (author), Bernauer, U. (author), Brandon, E. (author), Coecke, S. (author), Combes, R. (author), Edwards, P. (author), Freidig, A. (author), Freyberger, A. (author), Kolanczyk, R. (author), Mc Ardie, C. (author), Mekenyan, O. (author), Schmieder, P. (author), Schrader, T. (author), Takeyoshi, M. (author), van der Burg, B. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Legislation and prospective legislative proposals in for instance the USA, Europe, and Japan require, or may require that chemicals are tested for their ability to disrupt the hormonal systems of mammals. Chemicals found to test positive are considered to be endocrine active substances (EAS) and may be putative endocrine disruptors (EDs). To...
article 2008
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Ruijssenaars, H.J. (author), Sperling, E.M.G.M. (author), Wiegerinck, P.H.G. (author), Brands, F.T.L. (author), Wery, J. (author), de Bont, J.A.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
A steroid 15β-hydroxylating whole-cell solvent tolerant biocatalyst was constructed by expressing the Bacillus megaterium steroid hydroxylase CYP106A2 in the solvent tolerant Pseudomonas putida S12. Testosterone hydroxylation was improved by a factor 16 by co-expressing Fer, a putative Fe-S protein from Bacillus subtilis. In addition, the...
article 2007
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Nielen, M.W.F. (author), van Engelen, M.C. (author), Zuiderent, R. (author), Ramaker, R. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
An emerging trend is recognised in hormone and veterinary drug residue analysis from liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) based screening and confirmation towards accurate mass alternatives such as LC coupled with time-of-flight (TOF), Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FTICR) or Fourier transform orbitrap (FT...
article 2007
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Tenjarla, S. (author), Romasanta, V. (author), Zeijdner, E. (author), Villa, R. (author), Moro, L. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
5-Aminosalicylate (5-ASA; mesalamine) is the current first-line treatment for mild to moderate ulcerative colitis, a chronic inflammatory condition that most commonly affects the distal part of the colon. MMX™ mesalamine (Lialda™ [US]; Mezavant™ XL [UK and Ireland]; Mezavant™ [elsewhere]; Shire Pharmaceuticals Inc., Wayne, Pa, under license from...
article 2007
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Meijer, M.J. (author), Mieremet-Ooms, M.A.C. (author), van Duijn, W. (author), van der Zon, A.M. (author), Hanemaaijer, R. (author), Verheijen, J.H. (author), van Hogezand, R.A. (author), Lamers, C.B.H.W. (author), Verspaget, H.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Background: Previous studies have shown an upregulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in intestinal tissue of patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and significant clinical improvement after administration of the anti-TNF-α antibody infliximab. The aims of our study were to determine expression and secretion of MMP-1, -2, -3, -9,...
article 2007
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Pires, N.M.M. (author), Pols, T.W.H. (author), de Vries, M.R. (author), Tiel, C.M.van (author), Bonta, P.I. (author), Vos, M. (author), Arkenbout, E.K. (author), Pannekoek, H. (author), Jukema, J.W. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), de Vries, C.J.M. (author)
BACKGROUND - Restenosis is a common complication after percutaneous coronary interventions and is characterized by excessive proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs). We have shown that the nuclear receptor Nur77 protects against SMC-rich lesion formation, and it has been demonstrated that 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) enhances Nur77...
article 2007
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Verloove-Vanhorick, S.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Due to ever-improving medical technology over the course of the last century, the limit of viability has been lowered from around 32 weeks of gestation, first to 28 weeks and, in recent decades, to as low as less than 24 weeks. Long-term follow-up studies (Project on Preterm and Small-for- Gestational-Age Infants, Leiden Follow-up Project on...
article 2006
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de Brabander, H.F. (author), Poelmans, S. (author), Schilt, R. (author), Stephany, R.W. (author), le Bizec, B. (author), Draisci, R. (author), Sterk, S.S. (author), van Ginkel, L.A. (author), Courtheyn, D. (author), van Hoof, N. (author), Macrì, A. (author), de Wasch, K. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
The review summarizes current knowledge on the possible illegal use of the anabolic steroid boldenone. The presence of boldenone and metabolites in different animal species and the possibility of the occurrence of endogenous boldenone and metabolites is assessed, as are the methods of analysis used for detection. Different laboratories in the...
article 2004
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Lu, K.Q. (author), Brenneman, S. (author), Burns Jr., R. (author), Vink, A. (author), Gaines, E. (author), Haake, A. (author), Gaspari, A. (author)
Background: Thalidomide is an anti-inflammatory pharmacologic agent that has been utilized as a therapy for a number of dermatologic diseases. Its anti-inflammatory properties have been attributed to its ability to antagonize tumor necrosis factor-alfa (TNF-α) production by monocytes. However, its mechanism of action in the skin is not known....
article 2003
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Arkenbout, E.K. (author), van Bragt, M. (author), Eldering, E. (author), van Bree, C. (author), Grimbergen, J.M. (author), Quax, P.H.A. (author), Pannekoek, H. (author), de Vries, C.J.M. (author), Gaubius Instituut TNO (author)
Objective - Endothelial cells play a pivotal role in vascular homeostasis. In this study, we investigated the function of the nerve growth factor-induced protein-B (NGFI-B) subfamily of nuclear receptors comprising the TR3 orphan receptor (TR3), mitogen-induced nuclear orphan receptor (MINOR), and nuclear orphan receptor of T cells (NOT) in...
article 2003
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Faassen, F. (author), Kelder, J. (author), Lenders, J. (author), Onderwater, R. (author), Vromans, H. (author)
Purpose. The purpose of this work was to study the relevant physicochemical properties for the absorption of steroids. Methods. Various physicochemical properties of steroids were calculated (molecular weight, ClogP, static polar surface area [PSA], etc.). Within this series of steroids, different pharmacological groups were defined. Based on...
article 2003
Searched for: subject%3A%22Steroid%22
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