Searched for: subject:"Skin%5C+Absorption"
(1 - 20 of 47)

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de Ligt, R. (author), van Duijn, E. (author), Grossouw, D. (author), Bosgra, S. (author), Burggraaf, J. (author), Windhorst, A. (author), Peeters, P.A.M. (author), van der Luijt, G.A. (author), Alexander-White, C. (author), Vaes, W.H.J. (author)
A clinical pharmacokinetic study was performed in 12 healthy women to evaluate systemic exposure to aluminum following topical application of a representative antiperspirant formulation under real-life use conditions. A simple roll-on formulation containing an extremely rare isotope of aluminum (26 Al) chlorohydrate (ACH) was prepared to...
article 2018
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Kasiotis, K.M. (author), Tsakirakis, A.N. (author), Richard Glass, C. (author), Charistou, A.N. (author), Anastassiadou, P. (author), Gerritsen-Ebben, R. (author), Machera, K. (author)
A dislodgeable foliar residue study was conducted in greenhouse pepper and tomato on the island of Crete, Greece, following the spray application of an SC insecticide (with active substance (a.s.) tebufenozide) and an EC fungicide (a.s. bupirimate). Furthermore, for the assessment of worker exposure to pesticides – as a result of re-entering the...
article 2017
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Buist, H.E. (author), Schaafsma, G. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Quantification of skin absorption is an essential step in reducing the uncertainty of dermal risk assessment. Data from literature indicate that the relative dermal absorption of substances is dependent on dermal loading. Therefore, an internal exposure calculated with absorption data determined at a dermal loading not comparable to the actual...
article 2009
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Bouwman, T. (author), Cronin, M.T. (author), Bessems, J.G. (author), van de Sandt, J.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The new regulatory framework REACH (Registration, Evaluation, and Authorisation of Chemicals) foresees the use of non-testing approaches, such as read-across, chemical categories, structure-activity relationships (SARs) and quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSARs). Although information on skin absorption data are not a formal...
article 2008
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Fransman, W. (author), Roeleveld, N. (author), Peelen, S. (author), de Kort, W. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), Heederik, D. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
BACKGROUND: Nurses and other hospital workers are exposed to antineoplastic drugs during daily activities. Previous studies suggest that antineoplastic drugs at occupational exposure levels may be toxic to reproduction, but these studies are not consistent or conclusive. METHODS: Self-administered questionnaires were completed by 4393 exposed...
article 2007
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Gibbs, S. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), Merk, H.F. (author), Lockley, D.J. (author), Pendlington, R.U. (author), Pease, C.K. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
In this review, we discuss and compare studies of xenobiotic metabolism in both human skin and 3D human skin reconstructs. In comparison to the liver, the skin is a less studied organ in terms of characterising metabolic capability. While the skin forms the major protective barrier to environmental chemical exposure, it is also a potential...
article 2007
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Houben, E. (author), Uchida, Y. (author), Nieuwenhuizen, W.F. (author), de Paepe, K. (author), Vanhaecke, T. (author), Holleran, W.M. (author), Rogiers, V. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
It has recently become evident that at least five ceramidase (CDase) isoforms are present in human epidermis, and that specifically acidic CDase (aCDase) and alkaline CDase (alkCDase) activities increase during keratinocyte differentiation, and thus might play a pivotal role(s) in permeability barrier function. Prior to investigating their...
article 2007
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Tielemans, E. (author), Warren, N. (author), Schneider, T. (author), Tischer, M. (author), Ritchie, P. (author), Goede, H. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), van Hemmen, J. (author), Cherrie, J.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
REACH (Registration, Evaluation and Authorization of CHemicals) requires improved exposure models that can be incorporated into screening tools and refined assessment tools. These are referred to as tier 1 and 2 models, respectively. There are a number of candidate in tier 1 models that could be used with REACH. Tier 2 models, producing robust...
article 2007
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Basketter, D. (author), Pease, C. (author), Kasting, G. (author), Kimber, I. (author), Casati, S. (author), Cronin, M. (author), Diembeck, W. (author), Gerberick, F. (author), Hadgraft, J. (author), Hartung, T. (author), Marty, J.P. (author), Nikolaidis, E. (author), Patlewicz, G. (author), Roberts, D. (author), Roggen, E. (author), Rovida, C. (author), van de Sandt, J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
article 2007
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van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), Dellarco, M. (author), van Hemmen, J.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Exposure scenarios form an essential basis for chemical risk assessment reports under the new EU chemicals regulation REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and restriction of Chemicals). In case the dermal route of exposure is predominant, information on both exposure and dermal bioavailability is necessary for a proper risk assessment....
article 2007
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Buist, H.E. (author), de Heer, C. (author), van Burgsteden, J.A. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The in vitro dermal absorption kinetics of didecyldimethylammonium chloride (DDAC) was studied after single and multiple exposure. In addition, the influence of biocidal formulations on the absorption of DDAC was investigated. Following dermal exposure to DDAC in aqueous solution, less than 0.5% of the applied dose reached the receptor fluid...
article 2007
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Wilkinson, S.C. (author), Maas, W.J.M. (author), Nielsen, J.B. (author), Greaves, L.C. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), Williams, F.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven TNO Voeding (author)
Objectives: To determine the effect of skin thickness on the percutaneous penetration and distribution of test compounds with varying physicochemical properties using in vitro systems. Studies were carried out in accordance with OECD guidelines on skin absorption tests. Methods: Percutaneous penetration of caffeine (log P -0.01), testosterone ...
article 2006
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Meuling, W.J. (author), Ravensberg, L.C. (author), Roza, L. (author), van Hemmen, J.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objective: The methods and results are described of a study on the dermal absorption of chlorpyrifos (CPF) in humans established via urinary excretion of the metabolite 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol (TCP). Methods: Two dermal, single, doses of CPF were applied in two study groups (A and B) each comprising three apparently healthy male volunteers...
article 2005
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van Wendel de Joode, B. (author), van Hemmen, J.J. (author), Meijster, T. (author), Major, V. (author), London, L. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Valid and reliable semi-quantitative dermal exposure assessment methods for epidemiological research and for occupational hygiene practice, applicable for different chemical agents, are practically nonexistent. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability of a recently developed semi-quantitative dermal exposure assessment method (DREAM)...
article 2005
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van Wendel de Joode, B. (author), Tielemans, E. (author), Vermeulen, R. (author), Wegh, H. (author), Kromhout, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Charcoal cloth pads have been used to assess volatile chemicals on the skin in a laboratory setting; however, they have not yet been applied to measure dermal exposure in occupational settings. This study aimed at evaluating whether charcoal pads can be used to assess dermal exposure to benzene and toluene in workers of a petrochemical plant....
article 2005
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Buist, H.E. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), van Burgsteden, J.A. (author), de Heer, C. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
The dermal route of exposure is important in worker exposure to biocidal products. Many biocidal active substances which are used on a daily basis may decrease the barrier function of the skin to a larger extent than current risk assessment practice addresses, due to possible skin effects of repeated exposure. The influence of repeated and...
article 2005
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Brouwer, D.H. (author), Aitken, R.J. (author), Oppl, R. (author), Cherrie, J.W. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
This article proposes a common language for better understanding processes involved in dermal exposure and skin protection. A conceptual model has been developed that systematically describes the transport of agent mass from sources, eventually resulting in "loading" of the skin surface or the skin contaminant layer. In view of a harmonized...
article 2005
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Coecke, S. (author), Blaauboer, B.J. (author), Elaut, G. (author), Freeman, S. (author), Freidig, A. (author), Gensmantel, N. (author), Hoet, P. (author), Kapoulas, V.M. (author), Ladstetter, B. (author), Langley, G. (author), Leahy, D. (author), Mannens, G. (author), Meneguz, A. (author), Monshouwer, M. (author), Nemery, B. (author), Pelkonen, O. (author), Pfaller, W. (author), Prieto, P. (author), Proctor, N. (author), Rogiers, V. (author), Rostami-Hodjegan, A. (author), Sabbioni, E. (author), Steiling, W. (author), van de Sandt, J.J.M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
article 2005
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Hueber-Becker, F. (author), Nohynek, G.J. (author), Meuling, W.J.A. (author), Benech-Kieffer, F. (author), Toutain, H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
We investigated the absorption of a commercial [14C]-PPD- containing oxidative dark-shade hair dye in human volunteers as well as in vitro using human or pig ear skin. The hair of eight male volunteers was cut to a standard length, dyed, washed, dried, clipped and collected. Hair, washing water, materials used in the study and a 24-h scalp wash...
article 2004
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van Hemmen, J.J. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Chemicals / CAS: 4,4' methylenedianiline, 101-77-9; Hazardous Substances.
article 2004
Searched for: subject:"Skin%5C+Absorption"
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