Searched for: subject%3A%22Sex%255C%2Bratio%22
(1 - 17 of 17)
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Wich, S.A. (author), Steenbeek, R. (author), Sterck, E.H.M. (author), Korstjens, A.H. (author), Willems, E.P. (author), van Schaik, C.P. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Life history data from wild primate populations are necessary to explain variation in primate social systems and explain differences between primates and other mammals. Here we report life history data from a 12.5-year study on wild Thomas langurs. Mean age at first reproduction was 5.4 years and the sex ratio at birth was even. The mean...
article 2007
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TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author), Verheijden, M.W. (author), Jans, M.P. (author), Hildebrandt, V.H. (author), Hopman-Rock, M. (author)
Background: In recent years, many tailored lifestyle counseling programs have become available through the Internet. Previous research into such programs has shown selective enrollment of relatively healthy people. However, because of the known dose-response relationship between the intensity and frequency of counseling and the behavior change...
article 2007
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de Lange, M. (author), de Geus, E.J.C. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Meijer, P. (author), van Doornen, L.J.P. (author), Boomsma, D.I. (author), Snieder, H. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Differences in genetic influence on death from CHD between males and females have been reported. Haemostatic factors have consistently been associated with risk for coronary heart disease (CHD), but sex differences in genetic architecture have not been studied. This study in middle-aged twins investigates whether there are sex differences in...
article 2006
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Kremer, A.M. (author), Pal, T.M. (author), Keimpema, A.R.J. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Objectives: The aim was to gain insight into work experiences and problems of subjects with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) to develop more effective guidelines for preventing work disability and work loss. Methods: A total of 617 patients aged 45-60, recruited from pulmonary outpatient clinics and general practices, completed a...
article 2006
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Lina, B.A.R. (author), Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), Suwa, Y. (author), Fujikawa, S. (author), Ishikura, Y. (author), Tsuda, S. (author), Dohnalek, M. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), such as arachidonic acid (ARA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are natural constituents found in human milk, fish oil or egg yolk. Until recently, infant formulas, though providing the essential fatty acid precursors for these PUFAs, did not contain preformed ARA or DHA. In this study the safety of SUNTGA40S...
article 2006
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Park, Y. (author), Hunter, D.J. (author), Spiegelman, D. (author), Bergkvist, L. (author), Berrino, F. (author), van den Brandt, P.A. (author), Buring, J.E. (author), Colditz, G.A. (author), Freudenheim, J.L. (author), Fuchs, C.S. (author), Giovannucci, E. (author), Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Graham, S. (author), Harnack, L. (author), Hartman, A.M. (author), Jacobs, D.R. (author), Kato, I. (author), Krogh, V. (author), Leitzmann, M.F. (author), McCullough, M.L. (author), Miller, A.B. (author), Pietinen, P. (author), Rohan, T.E. (author), Schatzkin, A. (author), Willett, W.C. (author), Wolk, A. (author), Zeleniuch-Jacquotte, A. (author), Zhang, S.M. (author), Smith-Warner, S.A. (author), TNO Kwaliteit van Leven (author)
Context: Inconsistent findings from observational studies have continued the controversy over the effects of dietary fiber on colorectal cancer. Objective: To evaluate the association between dietary fiber intake and risk of colorectal cancer. Design, Setting, and Participants: From 13 prospective cohort studies included in the Pooling Project...
article 2005
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Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), Roberts, A. (author), Korte, H. (author), Unkila, M. (author), Waalkens-Berendsen, D.H. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
Plant lignan 7-hydromatairesinol, a novel precursor of the mammalian lignan enterolactone was evaluated in a prenatal developmental toxicity study conducted in the Wistar rat. Mated female rats were fed diets containing 0, 0.25, 1, and 4% (w/w) of 7-hydroxymatairesinol in the form of potassium acetate complex (HMRlignan; potassium acetate level...
article 2004
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Raat, H. (author), Bonsel, G.J. (author), Hoogeveen, W.C. (author), Essink-Bot, M.L. (author), Gemke, R.J.B.J. (author), Krabbe, P.F.M. (author), Moll, H.A. (author), Suijlekom van-Smit, L.W.A. (author), Verrips, E. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
To establish the generalizability (external validity) of the Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI3) as a single-summary score generic outcome measure in numerous countries/subgroups (including children), repeated studies of community preferences should be performed in various settings. In performing multiple HUI3 studies, a mailed questionnaire...
article 2004
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Waalkens-Berendsen, D.H. (author), Smits-Van Prooije, A.E. (author), Bär, A. (author), TNO Voeding (author)
In a standard embryotoxicity/teratogenicity study, α-cyclodextrin (α-CD) was administered to groups of sixteen, artificially inseminated New Zealand White rabbits at dietary concentrations of 0, 5, 10, or 20%. An additional group received a diet containing 20% lactose. Treatment started on day 0 of gestation and ended on day 29 when the animals...
article 2004
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van Wouwe, J.P. (author), Mattiazzo, G.F. (author), El Mokadem, N. (author), Reeser, H.M. (author), Hirasing, R.A. (author)
Objective. To determine the incidence and characteristics of type-1 diabetes mellitus (DM) in children aged 0-14 years during the period 1996-1999 and to compare this with previous measurements of the incidence. Design. Descriptive. Method. Data were collected via reports from all practicing paediatricians to the Dutch Paediatric Surveillance...
article 2004
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TNO Arbeid (author), Dekkers, J.C. (author), Podolsky, R.H. (author), Treiber, F.A. (author), Barbeau, P. (author), Gutin, B. (author), Snieder, H. (author)
Background: Obesity is associated with multiple health problems, often originating in childhood. Objective: The objective was to investigate differences in the development of adiposity from childhood to adulthood as related to race, sex, and socioeconomic status (SES). Design: Individual growth curve modeling for waist circumference, body mass...
article 2004
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TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author), Visser, O. (author), van der Kooy, K. (author), van Peppen, A.M. (author), Öry, F.G. (author), van Leeuwen, F.E. (author)
We investigated breast cancer incidence in migrants in the Netherlands in 1988-1998. The standardised incidence ratio for breast cancer in Northwest-Netherlands was statistically significantly reduced for women born in Surinam (0.56), Turkey (0.29) and Morocco (0.22). The proportion of women with advanced stages (III and IV) did not differ...
article 2004
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Witte, D.R. (author), Broekmans, W.M.R. (author), Kardinaal, A.F.M. (author), Klöpping-Ketelaars, I.A.A. (author), van Poppel, G. (author), Bots, M.L. (author), Kluft, C. (author), Princen, J.M.G. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO TNO Voeding (author)
Background: Flow mediated dilatation (FMD) of the brachial artery and soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (sICAM-1) are measures of distinct functions of the endothelium, reflecting nitric oxide (NO)-mediated and pro-inflammatory status, respectively. The comparative value of the two measures in relation to cardiovascular risk is unknown....
article 2003
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Goldbohm, R.A. (author), Voorrips, L.E. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
article 2000
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Whittaker, M.H. (author), Frankos, V.H. (author), Wolterbeek, A.P.M. (author), Waalkens-Berendsen, D.H. (author), Centraal Instituut voor Voedingsonderzoek TNO (author)
Plant stanol esters are intended for use as an ingredient in food to reduce the absorption of cholesterol from the gastrointestinal tract. Consumption of plant stanol esters has a demonstrated diet-derived public health benefit, as shown by numerous clinical studies. Plant stanol esters are ring-saturated analogs of common dietary sterols that...
article 1999
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Waalkens-Berendsen, D.H. (author), Smits-van Prooije, A.E. (author), Bär, A. (author)
In a standard embryotoxicity/teratogenicity study, γ-cyclodextrin (γ-CD) was administered to groups of 16, artificially inseminated New Zealand White rabbits at dietary concentrations of 0, 5, 10, or 20%. A comparison group received a diet containing 20% lactose. Treatment started on day 0 of gestation and ended on day 29 when the animals were...
article 1998
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van der Pal-de Bruin, K.M. (author), Verloove-Vanhorick, S.P. (author), Roeleveld, N. (author), TNO Preventie en Gezondheid (author)
article 1997
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